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Imperial Context and Agricultural Content: Dimensions of Space and Practice in Agricultural Lifeways in Dhiban, Jordan, 500 CE – 1400 CE

Author(s): Alan Farahani

Year: 2017

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Summary

In this paper the results of an archaeological case-study are presented to argue that considerations of space, taken here to be a physical location in Cartesian terms, are essential to identifying changes in agricultural practice in premodern imperial contexts. The recording of the location of samples intended for paleoethnobotanical analysis, whether through digital or other means, allows for more nuanced reconstructions of the depositional routes of archaeological plant remains. In turn, these depositional routes can highlight the ways in which imperial interventions may un/intentionally restructure daily (agricultural) practice. Such techniques were utilized at the archaeological site of Dhiban, Jordan during excavations from 2009 to 2013. The tall of Dhiban was inhabited from at least 1000 BCE to 1500 CE, but it was transformed during two moments of imperial intervention, the Byzantine (300 – 640 CE) and Mamluk (1250 – 1450 CE) periods. The spatial visualization of over 200 analyzed and point-provenienced flotation samples reveals that communities at Dhiban responded to each of these moments of imperial intervention through changes in on-site depositional practices of daily waste as well as plant processing detritus.


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Imperial Context and Agricultural Content: Dimensions of Space and Practice in Agricultural Lifeways in Dhiban, Jordan, 500 CE – 1400 CE. Alan Farahani. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, British Columbia. 2017 ( tDAR id: 429792)


Keywords


Spatial Coverage

min long: 25.225; min lat: 15.115 ; max long: 66.709; max lat: 45.583 ;

Record Identifiers

Abstract Id(s): 13199

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America