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Using pXRF to Unravel Raw Material Choices in Early Holocene Lithic Assemblages from the Island of Cyprus, Eastern Mediterranean

Author(s): Theodora Moutsiou

Year: 2017

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Summary

This poster presents the preliminary results of an extensive geo-chemical fingerprinting program using pXRF that was undertaken on a large and diverse lithic collection that included three different raw materials, namely obsidian, carnelian and picrolite. Specifically, the project investigated the use of these three raw materials in Early Holocene lithic assemblages - stone tools and ornaments - from the island of Cyprus, eastern Mediterranean. Obsidian, carnelian and picrolite have been defined as the three rare rock types that found their way to Cypriot assemblages that date between 12,000 and 5,500 cal BP. Interestingly, two of them reached the island via a sea-crossing whereas picrolite albeit insular is a rare resource. Contrary to previous work that examined only a small proportion of obsidian or picrolite (but not carnelian) collections from the island’s early sites, this project used HH pXRF to analyse all the artefacts made on these materials with the aim to establish a) numbers of utilised sources and, b) patterns of source preferences. The overall aim is to address the extent and directions of human interactions in the eastern Mediterranean and the reasons behind the choice of the above raw materials over the locally available options.


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Using pXRF to Unravel Raw Material Choices in Early Holocene Lithic Assemblages from the Island of Cyprus, Eastern Mediterranean. Theodora Moutsiou. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, British Columbia. 2017 ( tDAR id: 429998)


Keywords

Geographic Keywords
Europe


Spatial Coverage

min long: -11.074; min lat: 37.44 ; max long: 50.098; max lat: 70.845 ;

Record Identifiers

Abstract Id(s): 15797

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America