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The Interior Frontier: Intercultural Exchange in the Formative Period (1000 B.C.-A.D. 400) of Quillagua, Antofagasta Region, northern Chile

Author(s): William Pestle ; Christina Torres-Rouff ; Francisco Gallardo Ibanez ; Gloria Andrea Cabello

Year: 2017

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Summary

Today the modern village of Quillagua, an oasis in the hyperarid Atacama Desert, is of limited regional economic importance. However, there is strong evidence to support the argument that, in the past, the village was a node of ancient routes linking the populations of the Pampa, the Pacific Coast, the River Loa, and the Salar of Atacama. Documents from the 18th century suggest that Quillagua was, in fact, an "internal frontier" between populations residing to the north and south of the oasis. Archaeological evidence indicates that this border function may have its origins as early as the Formative Period (1000 B.C.-A.D. 400). In this work, we present the results of bioarchaeological, funerary, and isotopic analysis of individuals from distinct spatial/ethnic precincts of Quillagua, as well as settlements and cemeteries in the surrounding regions, in an attempt to characterize the direction, frequency, and intensity of interaction, exchange, and interculturation in the region during the Formative. In essence, we seek to examine how the border function of Quillagua was embodied and internalized by the people who lived and died in its environs.


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Cite this Record

The Interior Frontier: Intercultural Exchange in the Formative Period (1000 B.C.-A.D. 400) of Quillagua, Antofagasta Region, northern Chile. William Pestle, Christina Torres-Rouff, Francisco Gallardo Ibanez, Gloria Andrea Cabello. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, British Columbia. 2017 ( tDAR id: 430345)


Keywords

Geographic Keywords
South America


Spatial Coverage

min long: -93.691; min lat: -56.945 ; max long: -31.113; max lat: 18.48 ;

Record Identifiers

Abstract Id(s): 14990

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America