Rock art and emergent identity: the creolization process in nineteenth-century South African borderlands
Author(s): Sam Challis
Statements of authorship of rock art necessarily involve statements of identity. What happens, then, when identity is assumed or implied? This paper examines a well-known historical rock art panel in South Africa, supposed to portray a narrative of the demise of the San from their own perspective. To the contrary it finds that in fact the 'colonists' sporting wide-brimmed hats and toting guns are, more likely, members of an emergent identity of creolized raiding bands drawn from markedly different pre-colonial indigenous groups, as well as 'runaway slaves' and Europeans.
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Rock art and emergent identity: the creolization process in nineteenth-century South African borderlands. Sam Challis. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, British Columbia. 2017 ( tDAR id: 430607)
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min long: -18.809; min lat: -38.823 ; max long: 53.262; max lat: 38.823 ;
Abstract Id(s): 15990