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Rethinking Local Differences in Burial Customs in the Final Jomon Period

Author(s): Oki Nakamura

Year: 2017

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Summary

Previous studies have discussed burial customs and society of the Kamegaoka culture in the final Jomon period (around 3200 to 2500 cal BP) as a single unit of similar local societies in the northern Tohoku district, extending around 220 km from north to south and around 180 km from east to west. In contrast, geographical clustering with delaunay triangulation, my new spatial analysis using GIS, reveals local scale differences in burial customs in terms of shapes of burial pits, grave goods and red pigments. As a result of the analysis, it is possible to distinguish at least 12 local units of burial custom in this district. There is an uneven distribution of jadeite beads, which are considered as an indicator of social stratification in the Jomon period, between areas. Furthermore, there are different levels of varieties in shapes of burial pits. These results imply that local societies had different levels of social inequality or complexity, and different social or symbolic meanings of burial customs, which leads me to propose an alternative understanding about local meanings of burial systems.


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Rethinking Local Differences in Burial Customs in the Final Jomon Period. Oki Nakamura. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, British Columbia. 2017 ( tDAR id: 430759)


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Spatial Coverage

min long: 66.885; min lat: -8.928 ; max long: 147.568; max lat: 54.059 ;

Record Identifiers

Abstract Id(s): 16236

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America