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Two Figurines and a Conquest: Toltec and Aztec Warriors in the Sierra Sur of Oaxaca?

Author(s): Danny Zborover

Year: 2017

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In this talk I will present a contextual and iconographic analysis of two unusual, yet almost identical, figurines of lavishly dressed warriors, reported from different sites in the Chontal Highlands of Oaxaca. While variations on mold-made solid figurines of armed individuals were common in Late Classic Oaxaca, the particular attributes of these figurines are more analogous to militaristic iconography emerging from Postclassic Central Mexico. Taking the figurines’ iconography and regional historical documents as a point of departure, I will evaluate possible scenarios for both Toltec and Aztec geopolitical interventions in the region. Finally, I will argue that these new data paint the eastern Sierra Sur not as the geographical obstacle it may have appeared in the recent past, but rather as a highly-traveled and coveted bridge between the Isthmus, the highlands, and the coastal regions of southern Mexico.

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Two Figurines and a Conquest: Toltec and Aztec Warriors in the Sierra Sur of Oaxaca?. Danny Zborover. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, British Columbia. 2017 ( tDAR id: 430945)


Aztec Oaxaca Toltec

Geographic Keywords

Spatial Coverage

min long: -107.271; min lat: 12.383 ; max long: -86.353; max lat: 23.08 ;

Record Identifiers

Abstract Id(s): 14420

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America