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Spaces and signs of transfer of jade and callaïs in the Neolithic of Western Europe

Author(s): Serge Cassen ; Pierre Pétrequin ; Guirec Querré ; Valentin Grimaud

Year: 2017

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Two different groups of green stones with a distant origin are found together in the Neolithic tombs of the Carnac Region (Brittany, France): the Alpine jades (jadeitite, omphacitite, eclogite) were used as raw material for polished axes and disc-rings, while the Iberian callaïs (variscite, turquoise) for pendants and beads. The way in which these transfers took place will be the subject of this presentation, highlighting the specific features of each geographical area. With such aim in mind, the rows of steles and the iconographic programs inscribed in the standing stones of the study area will be analyzed in order to propose a comparison of the respective symbolic systems. If the land routes from the Alps begin to be better monitored during the 5th millennium, the sea routes to/from the Iberian Peninsula remain theoretical but very promising. We will offer several arguments in favor of the latter hypothesis.

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Spaces and signs of transfer of jade and callaïs in the Neolithic of Western Europe. Serge Cassen, Pierre Pétrequin, Guirec Querré, Valentin Grimaud. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, British Columbia. 2017 ( tDAR id: 431413)


Spatial Coverage

min long: -11.074; min lat: 37.44 ; max long: 50.098; max lat: 70.845 ;

Record Identifiers

Abstract Id(s): 14846

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America