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From Serial Specialist to Cereal Specialist: Managing Hunting and Husbandry in the Context of the Terminal Pleistocene-Early Holocene Fitness Landscape of North China

Author(s): Christopher Morgan ; Loukas Barton ; Robert Bettinger

Year: 2017

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Summary

Recent reconstructions of terminal Pleistocene-early Holocene settlement and subsistence patterns in northern China indicate that the intensive yet highly mobile hunting pattern that developed during the Younger Dryas as a way of mediating the increased temporal and spatial patchiness of the terminal Pleistocene resource base was maintained and even facilitated by early experiments with farming millet in the early Holocene. The long-term viability of this novel adaptation was evaluated in the context of other adaptations that first appeared in the region in the Early Holocene. Within this framework of competing adaptations, it is argued that though mobile hunter-farmers may have initiated the adoption of agriculture multiple times across northern China in the terminal Pleistocene, this lifeway was ultimately outcompeted by a less mobile, more agriculturally-dependent adaptation that could support greater population densities in the early and middle Holocene.


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From Serial Specialist to Cereal Specialist: Managing Hunting and Husbandry in the Context of the Terminal Pleistocene-Early Holocene Fitness Landscape of North China. Christopher Morgan, Loukas Barton, Robert Bettinger. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, British Columbia. 2017 ( tDAR id: 431682)


Keywords


Spatial Coverage

min long: 66.885; min lat: -8.928 ; max long: 147.568; max lat: 54.059 ;

Record Identifiers

Abstract Id(s): 15435

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America