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Tiwanaku colonization and the great reach west: Preliminary results of the Locumba Archaeological Survey 2015-2016

Author(s): Paul Goldstein ; Matt Sitek

Year: 2017

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Locumba represents a key intermediate location for consideration of the timing and affiliation of Tiwanaku colonization of the Moquegua, Sama, Caplina and Azapa valleys. Models of Tiwanaku state colonization, diasporic enclaves, and a "daisy chain" of secondary and tertiary colonization from initial provinces in Moquegua are considered. Ongoing systematic regional survey in the 2015 and 2016 seasons of the Locumba Archaeological Project has defined 74 site sectors, including 16 sectors of Tiwanaku affiliation, in the Cinto and Salado tributaries (600 - 1000 masl). 2016 fieldwork delineated the three Tiwanaku residential sectors of the multicomponent site of Cerro San Antonio (L1 with systematic surface collection and test excavations. Excavations suggests a typical Tiwanaku V occupation with functional distinctions between sectors and one small ceremonial structure. Ceramics connect to other Tiwanaku V assemblages of the western valleys, with a majority presence resembling Moquegua’s Chen Chen style, along with local and other Tiwanaku regional variants (Tumilaca, Cabuza). Comparison suggests contemporaneity and a degree of social relationship with the Moquegua colony, leaving open the possibility of the daisy chain model. However, differences in motif distribution also suggest independent social, stylistic and exchange ties to both the altiplano and the Norte Grande.

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Tiwanaku colonization and the great reach west: Preliminary results of the Locumba Archaeological Survey 2015-2016. Paul Goldstein, Matt Sitek. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, British Columbia. 2017 ( tDAR id: 431739)


Geographic Keywords
South America

Spatial Coverage

min long: -93.691; min lat: -56.945 ; max long: -31.113; max lat: 18.48 ;

Record Identifiers

Abstract Id(s): 17264

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America