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Who Are the Olmec in Eastern Guerrero? From Grafitti to Monuments in the Caves of Guerrero

Author(s): Gerardo Gutiérrez ; James Córdova ; Mary E. Pye

Year: 2017

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Summary

The caves of Cauadzidziqui and Techan offer contrasting views of how Olmec style appears in eastern Guerrero. Cauadzidziqui presents large-scale paintings of individuals with Olmec style symbols and objects plastered over what is believed to be local late Archaic paintings—essentially graffiti placed in a sacred locale along a primary route between the highlands and coast. The Cave of the Governors presents 3 or possibly 4 jaguar sculptures carved out of living rock, flanking the interior opening to the cave. The cave opening offers a view of the rising sun on the summer solstice highlighting the cave’s importance as conduit to the underworld and water mountain. Surrounding the cave opening were smaller niches recalling the cerro of Chalcatzingo and the origin of Chicomoztoc. This paper explores the significance of the iconography of these caves in eastern Guerrero and its relationship to broader Formative period iconography in Mesoamerica.


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Cite this Record

Who Are the Olmec in Eastern Guerrero? From Grafitti to Monuments in the Caves of Guerrero. Gerardo Gutiérrez, James Córdova, Mary E. Pye. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, British Columbia. 2017 ( tDAR id: 431766)


Keywords

General
Guerrero Olmec Rock Art

Geographic Keywords
Mesoamerica


Spatial Coverage

min long: -107.271; min lat: 12.383 ; max long: -86.353; max lat: 23.08 ;

Record Identifiers

Abstract Id(s): 14803

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America