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Spatial analysis and sampling techniques of cremated remains from Bronze Age cremation urns in southeast Hungary

Author(s): Kylie Williamson ; Julia Giblin ; Jaime Ullinger ; László Paja

Year: 2017

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Since 2011, members of the Bronze Age Körös Off-Tell Archaeology (BAKOTA) Project have excavated 57 cremation urns from the Békés 103 site in Southeast Hungary. This exploratory study seeks to examine the percentages of cranial and postcranial elements present in microstratigraphic levels in order to better understand the spatial distribution of bones within the burial urns. As a way to explore new approaches, two sampling methods were employed for the analysis of three burials. The first involved a random 20% sample of each microstratigraphic level, and the second involved the entire contents of each level. Across each level, fragments were classified as cranial, postcranial, or indeterminate, and total weights of the cranial and postcranial elements were recorded. These two methods were applied to test if the 20% sample adequately represented an entire cremation urn. Preliminary results suggest that the smaller sample has a similar distribution of cranial and postcranial elements within the urn. This is promising, as it allows for data to be collected more efficiently across numerous cremations. By deciphering the spatial distribution of the cremated remains, this study aims to better understand the mortuary practices utilized at the Békés 103 site.

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Spatial analysis and sampling techniques of cremated remains from Bronze Age cremation urns in southeast Hungary. Kylie Williamson, Julia Giblin, Jaime Ullinger, László Paja. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, British Columbia. 2017 ( tDAR id: 431990)


Geographic Keywords

Spatial Coverage

min long: -11.074; min lat: 37.44 ; max long: 50.098; max lat: 70.845 ;

Record Identifiers

Abstract Id(s): 16442

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America