Old Collections and New Approaches: Estimating Mast Resource Use in the Lower Pecos Canyonlands of Southwest Texas
Baker Cave is a dry rock shelter with exceptional organic preservation in the Lower Pecos Canyonlands of southwest Texas. The site is best known for high floral and faunal diversity in a Paleoindian-age hearth excavated in 1976, the first of three seasons (1976, 1984, 1985) the Center for Archaeological Research (CAR) worked at the site. Only those 1976 excavations have been reported in any detail. This poster summarizes analyses to estimate mast resource use over time at Baker Cave based on samples from the 1984 and 1985 collections, curated at CAR. Field notes for the most recent excavations are currently unavailable, and much of the 1984 stratigraphy is rumored to have been mixed. The present analysis emphasizes an excavated area with multiple radiocarbon dates that fall between 877 +/- 26 (905-728 cal BP) and 9,143 +/- 38 RCYBP (10,408 and 10,299 cal BP). Through quantification (e.g., counts, ratios, weights) of nut remains in this deposit, and direct dating of multiple samples of this resource class for temporal control, we develop a gross measure of nut resource use over a 10,000-year period.
Cite this Record
Old Collections and New Approaches: Estimating Mast Resource Use in the Lower Pecos Canyonlands of Southwest Texas. Raymond Mauldin, J. Kevin Hanselka, Cynthia Munoz, Leonard Kemp. Presented at The 82nd Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Washington, DC. 2018 ( tDAR id: 443179)
This Resource is Part of the Following Collections
min long: -103.975; min lat: 36.598 ; max long: -80.42; max lat: 48.922 ;
Abstract Id(s): 22182