Recent Investigations of the Barranca Canal at the Dutch Canal Ruin, NANT Property, Phoenix, Arizona
The results of data recovery investigations of a prehistoric canal within the city-owned NANT property are presented in this report. The canal was identified in June 2012, while boundary testing the southern limits of the prehistoric site, Dutch Canal Ruin, AZ T:12:62 (ASM), and could be recognized as a continuation of the Barranca Canal, a previously identified alignment within the Canal Patricio System, AZ T:12:131 (ASM). Because testing had established that archaeological resources significant to Dutch Canal Ruin were not present within the NANT project area, the purpose of data recovery was to mitigate adverse effects any future development of the NANT property might have on the newly identified member of the Canal Patricio System.
The current investigation provided an opportunity to trace the Barranca canal several hundred meters downstream and to revisit its stratigraphic and hydraulic properties in relation to surrounding Salt River floodplain deposits. The investigation establishes the Barranca Canal as an irrigation main, which significantly revises the previously held interpretation that the canal was akin to a drain running into Turney's Gully. Geoarchaeological information presented in this report provides further context for understanding how this canal operated within the dynamic environment of the Salt River floodplain. The late Pioneer to Colonial period age, approximately A.D. 700-900, of this canal based on newly acquired chronometric information is discussed and related to our current understanding of regional paleoflood hydrology and Salt River floodplain dynamics.
Cite this Record
Recent Investigations of the Barranca Canal at the Dutch Canal Ruin, NANT Property, Phoenix, Arizona, 03. Gary Huckleberry, T. Kathleen Henderson, Connie A. Darby. 2014 ( tDAR id: 445605) ; doi:10.48512/XCV8445605
This Resource is Part of the Following Collections
Agricultural or Herding • Archaeological Feature • Canal or Canal Feature • cesspool • Leach Pit • Pit • Refuse Pit • Resource Extraction / Production / Transportation Structure or Features • Trash Pit
min long: -112.053; min lat: 33.424 ; max long: -112.025; max lat: 33.465 ;
Individual & Institutional Roles
Contact(s): City of Phoenix Archaeology Office
Contributor(s): Paul R. Hanson
Landowner(s): City of Phoenix
Prepared By(s): Desert Archaeology, Inc.
Submitted To(s): City of Phoenix, Aviation Department
Desert Archaeology Project No.(s): 10-131D
PGM No.(s): 2011-36
Arizona Antiquities Act Project Specific Permit No.(s): 2012-101ps
Arizona State Museum Accession No.(s): 2012-360
COP Cost Center No. (s): GL510025; AV6652111044
|Name||Size||Creation Date||Date Uploaded||Access|
|DA_tr2013-03_NANT-data-recovery--final_OCR_PDFA_Redacted.pdf||35.61mb||Mar 19, 2021 11:23:52 AM||Public|
|This file is the redacted version of the resource.|
|DA_tr2013-03_NANT-data-recovery--final-_OCR_PDFA.pdf||30.28mb||Mar 1, 2014||May 10, 2018 2:47:36 PM||Confidential|
|This file is the unredacted version of the resource.|