An Archaeological Assessment of 31 Proposed Hydrogeological Testing Sites and Associated Access Roads Near Miami, Gila County, Arizona

Author(s): Bruce A. Jones; R. Thomas Euler

Year: 1994

Summary

On May 5 and 9, 1994, SWCA, Inc. Environmental Consultants performed a cultural resources assessment of 49 proposed test pit and bore hole sites located on Tonto National Forest lands, Bureau of Land Management lands, and privately held lands. Several areas (pad sites) will potentially be used for placement of multiple test pits and/or bore holes. There are 31 pad sites proposed for collection of hydrogeological data from the 49 test pits and bore holes. The assessment was initiated at the request of Cyprus Miami Mining Corporation as part of the proposed expansion of existing leach facilities at their copper mining facility in Miami, Gila County, Arizona.

The archaeologist from SWCA, Inc. visited the proposed test pit and bore hole sites in the company of a hydrogeologist from Golder Associates. The proposed pad sites were examined to determine if they included pre-historic or historic cultural remains. If cultural sites were identified within any of the proposed pad sites, the scientists established another location that would not impact cultural resources. The area needed for each pad site is small (generally no larger than 30 ft. radius). However, because minor adjustments in site placement may be necessary for proposed placement of drill rigs or for other reasons, an approximate 100-ft buffer zone around the proposed site was also inspected. Golder Associates may not need to use all of the possible pad sites to complete their hydrogeological studies. However, all proposed pad sites and access roads were inspected during investigations conducted for this report.

The assessment identified 14 isolated occurrences and features in addition to a single site, associated with the prehistoric and historic periods. Prehistoric resources included an isolated core and a lithic scatter. Historic period properties included mining-related features (cairns, adits), an erosion-control feature constructed by the CCC, glass fragments, an alignment, and a wooden structure of uncertain origins and function. None of these cultural resources will be impacted by the proposed hydrogeological and geotechnical activities. Therefore, SWCA recommends that archaeological clearance be granted for the proposed access roads and test-pit and bore hole sites.

Cite this Record

An Archaeological Assessment of 31 Proposed Hydrogeological Testing Sites and Associated Access Roads Near Miami, Gila County, Arizona, 89. Bruce A. Jones, R. Thomas Euler. 1994 ( tDAR id: 446159) ; doi:10.48512/XCV8446159

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Spatial Coverage

min long: -110.924; min lat: 33.37 ; max long: -110.829; max lat: 33.434 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): SWCA Environmental Consultants

Prepared By(s): SWCA, Inc. Environmental Consultants

Submitted To(s): Cyprus Miami Mining Corporation

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94-89_OCR_PDFA_Redacted.pdf 626.01kb Feb 10, 2021 11:09:01 AM Public
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94-89_OCR_PDFA.pdf 989.16kb Aug 5, 1994 Jun 5, 2018 10:06:38 AM Confidential
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Contact(s): SWCA Environmental Consultants