Gallinazo Networks: Economic Complementarity and the Persistence of Gallinazo-Mochica Social Interrelationships

Author(s): Kayeleigh Sharp

Year: 2019


This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology.

Early archaeological works that overemphasized societal elites and funerary contexts have led to several biases that limit comprehension of society’s lower-echelon, or their roll in quotidian social spheres (political, religious or economic) during the latter part of the first millennium on Peru’s north coast. This is a topic of much interest when considering long-term coexistence of groups like the Gallinazo and Mochica that persisted beyond the 8th century (based on C-14 dates) in the Lambayeque region. What characterizes the form and content of Gallinazo-Mochica coexistence? Did these groups work side-by-side and economically complement each other, or did they occupy different environments (coast vs. middle valleys vs. highlands) for centuries without interacting? My recent investigations at the Songoy-Cojal site in the mid-Zaña Valley suggests that long-term social interrelationships were built upon asymmetrical engagements in mining, irrigation, and multi-craft production industries. These combined factors are the constituents of what I define as Economic Complementarity: the mutually interdependent relationships of production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services. In this paper, I explore the development and application of my approach, which combines broadly applicable techniques of archaeological network analysis and geostatistics, summarizing key findings that help to elucidate Gallinazo-Mochica social interrelationships.

Cite this Record

Gallinazo Networks: Economic Complementarity and the Persistence of Gallinazo-Mochica Social Interrelationships. Kayeleigh Sharp. Presented at The 84th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Albuquerque, NM. 2019 ( tDAR id: 450341)

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections

Spatial Coverage

min long: -82.441; min lat: -56.17 ; max long: -64.863; max lat: 16.636 ;

Record Identifiers

Abstract Id(s): 25485