Resilience (Other Keyword)

1-25 (28 Records)

Adaptive Cycles and Resilience as explanatory templates for the formulation of coupled climate-culture models (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Detlef Gronenborn. Hans-Christoph Strien. Christian Lohr. Johanna Ritter.

Simplistic scenarios of the role of climate on the dynamics of socio-political trajectories are increasingly being replaced by coupled models in which climate and societies undergo mutually influential interactions. The concepts of adaptive cycles and resilience have been particularly helpful in understanding these interrelations. Based on an extensive body of data from Early to Upper (Young) Neolithic sites in western Central Germany and adjacent regions, a model is proposed which takes into...


Ancient Caribbean-Mainland Plant and Animal Translocations: Cultural, Biogeographic and Biodiversity Legacy (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Lee Newsom. Lourdes Pérez Iglesias.

The Caribbean’s pre-peopling flora and fauna were the culminations of both vicariant and long-distance dispersal processes, coupled with evolution in relative isolation spanning more than 20 Mya. Human colonization beginning around 7,000 years ago coincided with extinctions of megalonychid sloths and giant flightless owls-- the archipelago’s only large terrestrial vertebrates-- probably precipitating the first human-induced trophic cascades and initiating the first of a series of...


Applying Adaptive Cycles to the Life History of Ancient Maya Agricultural Systems (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Scott Macrae. Gyles Iannone.

Archaeologists often struggled with understanding the life-cycles of relic agricultural field systems. By incorporating the multi-variable approach of the adaptive cycle, complex relationship dynamics can be identified and applied to understanding the historical sequences of specific cases studies. Demonstrating this is the intensive terrace systems and settlement within the Contreras Valley and the associated ancient Maya center of Minanha, Belize. The variables identified include the...


Charting Long-Term Social Stability in the Tres Zapotes Region: Theory, Method, and Settlement Patterns (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Christopher A. Pool. Michael L. Loughlin. Ashley Whitten.

In 2014 we initiated the Recorrido Regional Arqueológico de Tres Zapotes (RRATZ) to implement the NSF-funded project, "Long-term Social Stability in the Tres Zapotes Region." The goal of this project was to better understand the resilience of a tropical lowland polity through a millennium of political, economic, and environmental challenges, to document the preconditions that gave rise to this Olmec and Epi-Olmec polity, and to document the transformations that occurred in the wake of its...


Climate, resources and strategies: simulating prehistoric populations in semi-arid environments (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Carla Lancelotti. Xavier Rubio-Campillo. Matthieu Salpeteur. Marco Madella.

The aim of this study is to model resource management and decision making among hunter-gatherer and agro-pastoral groups in semi-arid zones in order to explore evolutionary trajectories in relation to (a) the appearance of other specialized groups during the mid-Holocene and (b) environmental variability. The study of coexistence and interaction between groups with different subsistence strategies and land-use behaviours represents an interesting research challenge to understand socio-ecological...


Comparison of a Community-Scale Classic Maya Political Adaptive Cycle with a Bimonthly-Resolved Paleoclimate Record from Uxbenká, Belize (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Valorie Aquino. Douglas J. Kennett. Yemane Asmerom. Keith Prufer.

In studies of human-environment interactions, the conceptual framework of panarchy and its associated resilience theory posit that periods of stability and transformation are inevitable in what has been termed an "adaptive cycle". This presentation discusses the reconstruction of a community-level political adaptive cycle for Uxbenká, an ancient agrarian polity in the Maya hinterlands, and explores its linkages with the broader political ideology of divine kingship and climate stress. Employing...


Decorated Ceramics from Excavated Mimbres Sites (2007)
DATASET Stephanie Kulow.

This synthesis presents counts of decorated ceramics from excavated sites in the Mimbres region.


Environment, history and resilience of archaic coastal hunter-gatherer-fishers from the Atacama Desert, northern Chile (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Diego Salazar. carola flores. laura olguin. Cesar Borie. Valentina Figueroa.

The coast of the Atacama Desert in northern Chile is one of the most extreme environments of the Andean area. However, the high productivity of the Pacific Ocean facilitated the peopling of this territory as early as 12.000 years cal BP and also a continual occupation of hunting-gathering-fishing communities throughout the Holocene. In this paper we discuss significant environmental changes during the Middle Holocene, as well as the systematic interaction of local communities with inland...


The Environmental Conquest of West Mexico: The Lake Pátzcuaro and Malpaso Valley Case Studies (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Christopher Fisher. Michelle Elliott.

Though the next century will bring great environmental challenges the impact of global warming pales in comparison to the dramatic environmental changes associated with European Colonialism, beginning in the late 15th century. Chief among them is the Conquest of the Americas involving the breakdown of millennial-aged systems of land engineering and tenure, compounded by depopulation, and the introduction of the Euro-agro suite. Throughout Central Mexico the initial century of Conquest...


A Frontier in Bloom: Social Implications of Architectural Diversity and Conformity during the Colonization of the San Juan Region of the Northern Southwest (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Shanna Diederichs.

Behavioral conformity and, its inverse, behavioral diversity are social adaptations wielded by small scale agricultural societies faced with change. By the sixth and seventh centuries A.D., the Basketmaker III period, long standing conflicts in the San Juan region of the northern Southwest had abated and new territories opened to agricultural colonization. Frontier colonization is by nature a contentious process that usually results in violence, displacement, and the reinforcement of factions....


General Resources from the Long Term Vulnerability and Transformation Project
PROJECT Margaret Nelson. National Science Foundation.

Long-Term Coupled Socioecological Change in the American Southwest and Northern Mexico: Each generation transforms an inherited social and environmental world and leaves it as a legacy to succeeding generations. Long-term interactions among social and ecological processes give rise to complex dynamics on multiple temporal and spatial scales – cycles of change followed by relative stasis, followed by change. Within the cycles are understandable patterns and irreducible uncertainties; neither...


Geological subsidence and sinking Islands: the case of Manono (Samoa) (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Christophe Sand. Jacques Bolé. David Baret. André-John Ouetcho. Tautala Asaua.

W. Dickinson, as part of his wide study of the geological history of Pacific islands, has proposed in a series of papers to explain the unique case of the deeply submerged Lapita site of Mulifanua in Western Upolu (Samoa), as linked to the slow subsidence of Upolu Island. Recent archaeological research on the neighboring small island of Manono, has brought new and detailed data on this geological process. A series of dates allow to define chronologically the speed of the subsidence as well as...


Hierarchy and Human Securities in Norse Vatnahverfi, South Greenland - A Case Study (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Christian Madsen.

Greenland was settled by Norse hunter-farmers in the decades around AD 1000. Two fjord systems were populated: South Greenland formed the largest settlement area that lasted until c. AD 1450, the smaller Norse settlement area in present day Nuuk fjord being abandoned c. 100 years earlier. New detailed archaeological settlement evidence from the Vatnahverfi-a core settlement area in the Norse Eastern Settlement-is explored in terms of environmental- and food securities relating to community level...


IHOPE Maya: Linking lessons of the past to our present and future (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Keith Prufer.

Since 2007 the IHOPE Maya team has focused on synthesizing dynamic human-environmental interactions of the ancient Maya of southeastern Mexico and upper Central America (400BC-900AD). A series of great tropical societies, the Maya occupied a diverse range of tropical environments, adapting local strategies to meet varied subsistence, economic, political, and ecosystem service needs at large and small urban centers. Cycles of expanding populations, increasing despotism, and reliance on...


Modeling ecological resilience and human-environment interactions in engineered landscapes of the prehistoric American southwest (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Rachel Loehman. Christopher Roos. Thomas Swetnam.

The prehistoric human footprint in the American southwest is extensive and includes large and small structures, agricultural features, and other signatures of long and variably intensive landscape use. The southwest Jemez Mountains, focus of the current study, have been occupied continuously for the past 2,000 years, and by circa 1300 CE were densely settled in a network of large village sites and fieldhouses. Evidence from tree-rings and fire scars suggests that prior to ca. 1900 Jemez...


Monumentality and Cultural Resilience in Coastal Louisiana (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jayur Mehta. Elizabeth Chamberlain.

Resilience is the ability of complex systems to adapt to change in the wake of disturbance. Here, we describe the relationship of natural deltaic land evolution and anthropogenic monument construction using a case study of Ellesly Mound, an earthen monument located in the Lafourche subdelta of the Mississippi Delta. Borehole and LIDAR data show that Ellesly mound is situated above naturally deposited crevasse sediments underlain by organic-rich facies indicating a relatively low-lying vegetated...


On the Margins of the Marginal? Fringe Settlement and Land Use in Norse Greenland (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Christian Madsen. Christian Koch Madsen. Ian Simpson. Michael Nielsen. Jette Arneborg.

Just before AD 1000 pioneer Norse hunter-farmers settled in Greenland and established what would be the extreme western outpost of Scandinavia and Europe for the next 450 years. The unexplained disappearance of this marginal medieval colony around AD 1450 has always puzzled researchers and has been proposed as a prime example of maladaptation to climatic and environmental deterioration at the onset of the ˈLittle Ice Ageˈ (LIA). As part of the Island Ecodynamics in the North Atlantic Project...


Raw Data on Soils Collected from Prehispanic and Historic Fields on the Middle Gila River (2013)
DATASET Colleen Strawhacker.

These are the raw data from the soils collected from the middle Gila River (on the land now management by the Gila River Indian Community) for Strawhacker's dissertation research.


Resilience and identity: the ethnoarchaeology of the Kel Tadrart Tuareg (SW Libya) (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Stefano Biagetti.

In the Tadrart Acacus (SW Libya), ethnoarchaeological research carried out between 2003-2011 has shown that its current inhabitants, the Kel Tadrart Tuareg, are a successful example of adaptation to extreme climatic and environmental conditions. Their exceptional resilience, characterized by high degree of variability and opportunism, escapes some of the traditional assumptions often done in ethnography and archaeology regarding the classification and identification of societies, such as...


Resilience, Hierarchy, and the Native American Cultural Landscapes of the Yazoo Basin and the Mississippi Delta (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Christopher Rodning. Jayur Mehta.

Within the field of ecology, resilience is the capacity of an ecosystem to withstand change and to regenerate itself after disturbance. Adapted to the archaeological study of past cultural systems, the concept of resilience refers to the capacity of a cultural system or a cultural landscape to endure change. Archaeologists have primarily recognized resiliency in cultural systems of regions characterized by arid conditions, either permanently or periodically. This paper considers prehistoric...


The Role of Infrastructure in Wari State-Making in Southern Peru (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only David Reid. Patrick Ryan Williams. Donna Nash.

In southern Peru, the transition from the Early Intermediate to the Middle Horizon during the seventh century A.D. was marked by the expansion of Wari state colonists and influence from the Ayacucho heartland. Andeanists have long postulated the role of climate change and drought during this initial state expansion, while issues of chronology complicate this issue. Here, we reevaluate the radiocarbon data from the early Wari colonies of Cerros Baúl and Mejía in the upper Moquegua Valley in...


The Socio-Ecological Entanglement in Tropical Societies (SETS) Project (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Gyles Iannone.

Although comparative studies have been criticized in recent years, especially within the more post-modern corners of anthropology, cross-cultural studies continue to have value for exploring the sometimes congruent, and at other times unique, manner that different communities choose to confront analogous socio-ecological issues. The Socio-Ecological Entanglement in Tropical Societies (SETS) project is a long-term endeavor aimed at promoting the cross-cultural, transdisciplinary examination of...


The Socio-Ecological Entanglement of Water and Resilience in Past and Present Tropical Societies (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Leah Marajh.

Urban resilience and sustainability have gained increasing prominence in the literature as concerns regarding water resources and climate change continue to grow. Cities, particularly those in the midst of extreme urban development, are facing a wider range of stresses that call for greater enhancement of resilience techniques. This paper highlights the work of the Socio-Ecological Entanglement in Tropical Societies (SETS) project, whose goal is to investigate resilience and vulnerability within...


Surviving Sudden Environmental Change: Answers from Archaeology (2012)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Leigh Anne Ellison

Archaeologists have long encountered evidence of natural disasters through excavation and stratigraphy. In Surviving Sudden Environmental Change, case studies examine how eight different past human communities-ranging from Arctic to equatorial regions, from tropical rainforests to desert interiors, and from deep prehistory to living memory-faced and coped with such dangers.Many disasters originate from a force of nature, such as an earthquake, cyclone, tsunami, volcanic eruption, drought, or...


Synthesis of Salinas Pueblo Glazeware Sources from Petrographic Analyses (2008)
DATASET Uploaded by: Stephanie Kulow

This spreadsheet presents counts of glazeware ceramics for each of the Salinas Pueblos organized by petrographically-determined production area