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Antebellum (Temporal Keyword)

1-20 (20 Records)

Antebellum and Civil War Landscapes at Sherwood Forest Plantation (44ST615) (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 434278] Douglas W. Sanford. Lauren K. McMillan.

Sherwood Forest Plantation is located just outside Fredericksburg on the Northern Neck of Virginia. The late Antebellum plantation was home to not only the Fitzhugh family who owned the property, but also a large enslaved workforce; additionally, the manor house and the surrounding plantation core served as a hospital to Union troops in 1862-1863. Current research conducted by the University of Mary Washington, in conjunction with and support from Walton International Group, focuses on the...

Archaeological Data Recovery at Colleton River Plantation (38BU647) Beaufort County, South Carolina: A Study of an Early Nineteenth Century Slave Settlement (1994)

DOCUMENT [ID: 391053] Christopher T. Espenshade. Linda Kennedy. Marian Roberts.

Data recovery investigations were conducted by Brockington and Associates, Inc., at 38BU647, Beaufort County, South Carolina. The investigations proceeded in two phases; Phase A was conducted during February 1993, and Phase C was conducted during April 1993. The work was conducted in compliance with state regulations regarding impact to cultural resources as a result of development activities along the coast of Beaufort County. Proposed construction activities at the Colleton River Development...

Archaeological Investigation of the Brookgreen Plantation, South Carolina (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 435580] David Palmer.

Brookgreen Plantation was one of the largest and most productive rice plantations in the United States prior to the Civil War. Owner Joshua John Ward held more than 1,000 Africans in slavery on this and his other plantations. The remains of Brookgreen Plantation are now a part of Brookgreen Gardens, an outdoor museum established in 1931 by Anna Hyatt Huntington.  Brookgreen Gardens is expanding its public interpretation of the historic plantations on its property, including the lives of enslaved...

An Archaeological Survey Report of the Proposed Alignments to Reconstruct Ky 11, Fleming County, Kentucky (1998)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 235327] Kurt H. Fiegel.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at

Comparative Ceramics Analysis of Enslaved Contexts at Thomas Jefferson’s Poplar Forest (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 435584] Caitlyn C Johnson.

Ceramics and socioeconomic analyses are useful tools for comparing market access, choice, and economic status between sites associated with enslaved people.  Located in Bedford County, Virginia, Poplar Forest plantation was home to enslaved peoples beginning with its establishment in the mid-18th century and continuing through multiple owners until emancipation.  Archaeology conducted since the 1990s has yielded substantial datasets for several different slave quarters on the property, which...

Historical Archaeology of the Marsh Sugar Plantation, Avery Island, Louisiana (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 434720] David T. Palmer.

The Marsh Plantation was a sugar plantation on Avery Island, Louisiana, established in 1818 by northeastern transplants John Marsh and William Stone. Enslaved and "indentured" African Americans were brought from New York and New Jersey by the partners to work the sugar fields and mill. Through two field seasons, we learned more about the lives of the enslaved and free people, as well as the early sugar industry in Louisiana. Issues of heritage tourism, namely, the elision of slavery and the...

"I Likewise Give To Indiana & Elizabeth The Following Slaves...": The Founding of Sweet Briar College and its Racially Charged History (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 434529] Lynn Rainville.

In 1858, a transplanted Vermonter, Elijah Fletcher, died in Amherst, Virginia, leaving his antebellum plantation and over 140 enslaved individuals to three of his children. His oldest daughter, Indiana Fletcher Williams, combined this inheritance with some of her own wealth and founded Sweet Briar College in 1900 through a directive in her will. In 2001, I began researching the descendants of the enslaved community, studying an on-campus slave cemetery, and designing brochures and exhibits to...

Identifying "Missing" Slave Cabins On Low Country Georgia Plantations (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 434285] Nicholas Honerkamp.

Historical archaeologists are familiar with the tensions that exist between documentary, oral history, and archaeological data. On many coastal Georgia plantations, a clear expression of such tension is seen in the documented presence of large slave populations that lived and worked on plantations and the typically miniscule  number of cabins in which the slaves presumably resided, as indicated by historic maps or from in situ structural remains. Typically this dramatic discrepancy is simply...

Industrial Community Organization in Antebellum West Florida (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 434282] Adrianne B Sams.

Antebellum industrialization in West Florida fostered diverse settlements associated with water-powered mill complexes. Abundant natural resources and desirable landscape characteristics provided an ideal setting for silvicultural pursuits as opposed to agrarian endeavors that relied heavily on suitable soils. Mill seats represent unique landscapes that differ from agrarian settings, affecting community organization for multi-ethnic, hierarchical populations. Arcadia Mill (1830-1855) developed...

Just Another Brick in the Wall: Brick Looting in the Antebellum Lowcountry of South Carolina (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 434284] Kendy Altizer.

From the colonial period through the twentieth century, brick looting was a common occurrence in the South Carolina Lowcountry. Most accounts are related to the Revolutionary and Civil wars when brick was stolen from ruins or abandoned structures to repair damaged buildings or construct new ones. This study focuses on the built landscape of Peachtree Plantation in St. James Santee Parish, South Carolina. This 450-acre parcel contains the remnants of the second largest plantation house in the...

LiDAR, Historic Maps, Pedestrian Survey, and Shovel Tests: Defining Slave Independence on Sapelo Island, Georgia (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 435516] Lindsey Cochran. Nicholas Honerkamp. Cornelia Walker Bailey.

Slave cabins within two settlements at Bush Camp Field and Behavior on Sapelo Island, Georgia deviate from typical lowcountry Georgia architectural and landscape patterns. Rather than poured tabby duplexes arranged in a linear fashion, excavations in the 1990s by Ray Crook identified two wattle and tabby daub structures—both with slightly different architecture, and both built in an African creolized style. A 2016 University of Tennessee project attempted to locate additional slave cabins in...

"Oh Freedom Over Me:" Space, Agency, and Identity at Elam Baptist Church in Ruthville, Virginia (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 433922] Rebecca Schumann.

Founded in 1810, Elam Baptist Church was one of the first Virginian churches that free blacks controlled. The church's architectural layout cited that of local white churches, containing separate entrances for whites, free blacks and enslaved blacks. This paper discusses the ways in which the agency and identity of the local free black community emerged through the historically and spatially specific relationships in which Elam was enmeshed. The boundaries that the free black community created...

The Role of Time in Plantation Management at Thomas Jefferson’s Poplar Forest (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 435429] Karen E. McIlvoy.

In the early decades of the nineteenth century, Southern plantation owners sought to incorporate time consciousness into their production methods in a bid to enter the emerging industrial capitalist economy of the United States. However, mechanical time, regulated by the clock instead of nature, was at odds not only with the natural cycles of the sun, but also with the very institution running the plantation economy: slavery. History documents that plantation managers attempted to use clocks,...

Savannah Lots (9CH1094) Data Recovery, City of Savannah, Chatham County, Georgia (2009)

DOCUMENT [ID: 381363] Kimberly Smith. Will Brockenbrough. Scott Butler.

Beginning January 2, 2006, and continuing over a period of fourteen discontinuous weeks, Brockington and Associates, Inc., conducted an archaeological and historical data recovery of the Lamar Ward tract archaeological Site 9CH1094 in the City of Savannah, Chatham County, Georgia. These archaeological investigations were undertaken for Ambling Inc. in compliance with a Programmatic Agreement (DA Permit #200500443) between the US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), Savannah District,...

Slave Ships: Identifying Them in the Archaeological Record and Understanding Their Unique Characteristics (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 434189] Jessica Glickman.

This paper briefly examines the structure and construction of the slave ships in the United States and England and looks at how slave ships are different in structure and function from other merchant vessels. By examining them as special purpose ships, trends in structure and construction become apparent and prove to be unique to slave ships. The material culture found in the archaeological record that could identify a ship as having participated in the slave trade will also be examined. The...

Social Geography of Lowcountry Landscapes (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 434281] Lindsey Cochran.

The comparison of patterns of refuse disposal between populations has been a consistent theme in historical archaeology. The present study acknowledges the impact of the physical environment and social status in shaping how people created and used their built landscape. Triangulation of three kinds of data—spatial, archaeological, and historical—facilitates recognition of the differences or similarities between groups on Sapelo, Ossabaw, and St. Simon’s Islands in the Georgia Lowcountry. A...

Social Status and Inter-Household Interactions Amongst a 19th Enslaved Community (2013)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 428658] Matthew C Greer.

During the antebellum era, James Madison’s Montpelier was home to over one hundred enslaved African Americans.  Within this broad community, distinctions in social status could have been apparent amongst the enslaved households, potentially creating a system of social hierarchy.  At the same time, these households would have been connected to each other through a web of social interactions on a community wide basis.  Utilizing crossmended ceramic vessels from five recently excavated enslaved...

Spatiality of the Everyday: 19th Century Slave Life in Western Tennessee (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 435560] Claire Norton. Kimberly Kasper. Corena Hasselle.

Throughout ten-years of excavation in western Tennessee, a more nuanced picture of 19th century everyday life in the antebellum South has emerged. With over twenty contiguous plantations on the 18,400-acre contemporary Ames land base, we compare specific characteristics of material culture from large (3,000+ acres) and small plantations (300-1000 acres). Our research focuses on Fanny Dickins, a woman with the financial means to purchase and run a small cotton plantation in Western Tennessee....

Streamlining the process: using handheld devices for in-field data collection on Ossabaw Island, Georgia. (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 435574] Rachel Black. Chad Caswell. Leslie Johansen.

The last few years has seen a rise in the development of tools and technology that enable the collection of archaeological data directly into electronic formats using handheld devices such as tablets and smartphones. These applications not only eliminate traditional paper collection issues but also decrease in-field collection errors and reduce post-processing times. This poster will focus on the utilization of Petroglyph, an application specifically developed for the first phase of a research...

The Use of Place to Find a Person: A Hybrid Microhistory of Salubria Plantation, Prince George’s County, Maryland (18PR692) (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 434256] Bill Auchter.

An examination of an antebellum plantation in Prince George’s County, Maryland can be a case study into how to see a subaltern group (slaves) living within a dominant culture. To do this, three entities will be examined: a place, a slaveholder, and a slave. How are these three elements related and interdependent upon each other as a means to understand the elements individually and as a social group? All three elements occupied the same time and space but would often be described as three...

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America