Obscured by Clouds: Landscapes in Historical Archaeology

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  • An Archaeology of Belonging: A Theory and its Practice in a Colonial Situation (2013)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Melonie R Shier.

    An archaeology of belonging explores a new and developing element in the field of archaeology; using elements of attachment to place with landscape identity as a theoretical tool to look at the colonial and diasporic expansion of non-Amerindian populations into the San Emigdio Hills, South Central California. Although the theme of belonging was recently discussed in the International Journal of Historical Archaeology (published 2012) and some archaeologists have worked with attachment to place...

  • Challenging Landscapes: Alternate Perspectives of Chesapeake Plantation Gardens (2013)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Elizabeth Pruitt. Benjamin Skolnik.

    Much has been written about 18th and 19th century American and European formal plantation landscapes and gardens.  Traditional interpretations of these spaces have relied on notions of power, hierarchy, and surveillance—which come from the ideals of the plantation owners. Mark Leone illustrates this with his work at the Paca House in Annapolis, Maryland.  However, as Dell Upton argues, those of European and African descent would have approached these landscapes in vastly different ways and...

  • From Fife to the Chesapeake: Scottish Immigrants and the Development of Public Landscapes in Early Eighteenth Century Maryland. (2013)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only michael lucas.

    Ninian Beall was captured at the Battle of Dunbar in 1650 along with many of his countrymen and sent to Maryland as an indentured servant.  Beall’s arrival marks an important milestone in the settlement of the Chesapeake region.  Beall sponsored the transport of many Scottish immigrants who settled along the banks of the Potomac and Patuxent Rivers.  Some of these individuals became powerful local politicians, slave owners, and active participants in trade with Native Americans living in the...

  • Gullah-Geechee Landscapes on Ossabaw Island, Georgia (2013)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Nicholas Honerkamp. Meredith Gilligan. Taylor Maxie.

    The North End Plantation on Ossabaw Island, Georgia (9CH1062) has been almost continually occupied since the 1760s. Although a large number of enslaved Africans (later Gullah-Geechee) resided there, the remains of three tabby duplexes are the only substantial remains associated with them. This paper summarizes the results of two field seasons of landscape reconstruction that were aimed at identifying the locations of additional non-tabby cabins, historic plantation roadways, and adjacent yard...

  • Hard-Scrabble Living - Cattle, Horse, and Goats; Ranching on the Chihuahua Desert, White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico (2013)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Stan Berryman.

    Prior to the United States Army taking over the 2.5 million acres that is White Sands Missile Range, this area was the home to ranches.  Not the type that would be expected in the land of Billy the Kid, but rather hard-scrabbe cattle, horse and angora goat ranches.  After the Apache Indians were moved onto reservations in the late 1800's the White Sands area of New Mexico became the home to Anglo and Hispanic American ranchers.  All that remains are often barbed wire fence lines, tumbling down...

  • Landscapes of desire: parks, colonialism and identity in Victorian and Edwardian Ireland (2013)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Joanna Brück.

    This paper will examine Ireland’s Victorian and Edwardian parks as a politicised nexus of encounter in which landscape design, architectural style and social practice combined to create class, gender and colonial identities.  Public spaces form a crucial element of the urban landscape, providing a context for particular forms of political engagement and identity construction.  In Ireland, such landscapes created regulated spaces of display and consumption in which the natural world and the urban...

  • Narratives of the Past: Positioning Modern Memory in a Historic Context (2013)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Kelly Goldberg.

    The field of historical archaeology is uniquely situated with simultaneous access to both past and present.  Beyond analysis of material remains, researchers frequently take advantage of oral accounts to gain a more holistic understanding of past events.  However, even when such accounts are not available from direct descendants, the possible use of oral histories in research should not be immediately discounted.  Through investigations of a historic habitation in Charleston, South Carolina,...

  • Nervousnous and Negotiation on a Plantation Landscape (2013)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Megan M. Bailey.

    This research focuses on a late eighteenth- and early nineteenth-century plantation site, L’Hermitage, in order to investigate how a "nervous landscape" can be read through spatial organization, material culture, and interpersonal interactions.  I refer to Denis Byrne’s use of the phrase "nervous landscape" to explore how a landscape and its occupants can be literally and figuratively nervous when absolute power fails and a heterogeneity and multiplicity of power and identities are introduced....

  • Transition from a Natural to a Cultural Landscape in Quebec City : An Entomological Point of View (2013)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Mélanie Rousseau.

    Quebec City’s Intendant’s Palace site is rich in history. For my thesis, I am interested in one history in particular, namely the transition from a natural to a cultural landscape at this site. The landscape pre-dating and after the arrival of Europeans has already been investigated to some degree; however, how the actual transition took place remains unclear.  Various methodologies have the potential to address this research question. This thesis will rely on archaeoentomology, micromorphology...

  • Working Toward an Activist Landscape Archaeology (2013)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Becca Peixotto.

    Landscape archaeologies in the United States and Europe encompass diverse goals, scales and scopes allowing many perspectives to emerge from the archaeological study of related sites. This paper explores ways in which US-based scholars could draw upon approaches and theories from across the Atlantic to move toward an activist landscape archaeology that engages descendant communities, the public, and land managers through a focus on how people have interacted with and within a broad regional...