The Monterrey Shipwreck Project: Three Early 19th Century Wrecks In The Northern Gulf Of Mexico.

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  • The Conservation of the Monterrey A Artifacts (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Christopher Dostal. Amy Borgens.

    In the Gulf of Mexico in July of 2013, the research vessel E/V Nautilus sent the remotely operated vehicle Hercules down to a depth of over 1330m to survey and recover artifacts from an early 19th-century shipwreck known as the Monterrey A that had been surveyed the year before. They recovered more than 60 artifacts, all of which are currently being conserved and studied at the Texas A&M Conservation Research Laboratory. This paper presents a survey of the techniques currently being used to...

  • Copper-Clad Ghost: The "Monterrey A Shipwreck" (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only James Delgado. Jack Irion. Frank Cantelas. Frederick Hanselmann. Christopher Horrell. Amy Borgens. Susan Langley. Michael Brennan.

    Archaeological assessment and limited test excavation of the Monterrey A shipwreck provides an initial characterization of an early 19th century armed vessel whose remains are comprised of articulated two-dimensional features as well as a substantial portion of seemingly well-preserved three dimensional hull remains of the copper-sheathed hull.  The form and lines of the hull are present, and with the various features, suggest that this armed vessel of approximately 200 tons was a two-masted...

  • The Discovery of the Monterrey Shipwrecks: A Find by Design (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Jack Irion. Frank Cantelas. Amy Borgens. James Delgado. Frederick H Hanselmann. Christopher Horrell. Michael L Brennan.

    Roughly 200 years ago, three sailing ships met apparently violent ends in the northern Gulf of Mexico nearly 320 kilometers southeast of Galveston, crashing to the bottom over 1300 meters below.  The three ships were very different: one likely a topsail schooner, fast and armed; one a small merchantman, its hold packed with bales of hides; and the third, the largest, empty of cargo, but sheathed in copper and possibly outfitted for a transatlantic voyage.  These three vessels were among the...

  • From Compliance to Investigation: Research Design and Methodology of the Monterrey Shipwrecks Project (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Frederick H Hanselmann. Christopher Horrell. Amy Borgens. James Delgado. Jack Irion. Frank Cantelas. Michael L Brennan. Reuben Mills.

    In 2011, three potential sites were discovered during oil and gas industry surveys approximately 320 kilometers southeast of Galveston, TX, and reported accordingly. NOAA OER’s 2012 cruise that revealed one site to be a shipwreck – Monterrey Shipwreck A – and was selected for further investigation.  A research design focusing on specific questions and targeting individual data sets was drafted in order to place the site within a larger theoretical and methodological framework as a means to...

  • Geomorphology and Site Formation Processes of Three 19th Century Shipwrecks in the Gulf of Mexico (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Michael Brennan. J. Ian Vaughn. Amy Borgens. James Delgado. Christopher Horrell. Frederick H Hanselmann. Jack Irion. Frank Cantelas.

    The investigation of three early nineteenth century shipwrecks, believed to be contemporary with one another based on the artifact assemblages, was conducted in 2013 at over 1400 m depth in the northern Gulf of Mexico. High resolution mapping of the three sites was conducted from ROV-mounted stereo cameras and multibeam sonar, which produced photomosaics and microbathymetry maps. From these data, we can determine how sediment moved around each site and the geomorphology of the shipwrecks...

  • A Model And Tools For Investigating The Monterrey Shipwrecks (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Frank Cantelas. Amy Borgens. Michael L Brennan. James Delgado. Frederick H Hanselmann. Christopher Horrell. Jack Irion.

    Work on the Monterrey shipwrecks, conducted from the NOAA ship Okeanos Explorer and the Ocean Exploration Trust vessel E/V Nautilus, has used some of the most advanced remotely operated vehicles and communication systems ever designed for exploring the deep ocean.  Both ships use telepresence as their operational model to enable shore-based scientists to engage in live interdisciplinary scientific exploration over the internet. This not only raises the intellectual capital of the project by...

  • More Questions than Answers: An Assessment of Bottles, Utilitarian and Fine Wares, and Galley Stoves from the Monterrey Shipwreck Project (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Christopher Horrell. Amy Borgens. Frederick H Hanselmann. James Delgado. Frank Cantelas. Michael L Brennan. Jack Irion.

    Monterrey Shipwreck A, replete with an amazing collection of material culture, was systematically investigated during the summer of 2013.  This collaborative project, consisting of archaeologists from State, Federal, and academic institutions, set out to document, map, and recover artifacts in an effort to answer questions related to the maritime history and culture of the Gulf of Mexico during the early 19th century.  While excavation and recovery of material culture occurred at Monterrey...

  • No Way Back from Here: Preliminary Results of the Monterrey Shipwreck Project (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Christopher Horrell. Christopher Horrell. James Delgado. Amy Borgens. Jack Irion. Frank Cantelas. Frederick H Hanselmann. Michael L Brennan.

    This paper provides an overview and summation of all of the presentations in this symposium.  Preliminary findings and interpretations of the data collected during all phases of the Monterrey Shipwreck Project are also presented.  These findings and interpretations are based on our current knowledge of these sites, their associated artifact assemblages, and knowledge of the historic and cultural context of the early 19th century Gulf of Mexico.  A discussion of the success and failures of some...

  • On the Offensive: The Small Arms and Artillery of Monterrey Shipwreck A (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Amy Borgens. Christopher Horrell. James Delgado. Jack Irion. Frederick H Hanselmann. Frank Cantelas. Michael L Brennan.

    Sailing on the open seas could often be treacherous and the Gulf of Mexico was a theater for such activities with its history of privateering and naval actions. Vessels at that time could be armed both offensively and defensively, but could also be transporting such military cargoes to aid in the many conflicts abounding during the formative early decades of the 19th century. ROV investigations of Monterrey A discovered two collections of small arms and six cannon within the hull remains.  Video...