Lake Champlain: 19th Century Ships, 21st Century Archaeology

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  • Documents (6)

  • 21st Century Shipwreck Management Considerations on Lake Champlain (2016)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Christopher Sabick.

    The ongoing management of Lake Champlain's extraordinary collection of well-preserved Cultural Resources is an ever evolving and often challenging effort.  With the advent of new and cheaper technologies available to everyday boaters the locations of sensitive shipwrecks are easily detectable.  The Lake Champlain Maritime Museum is invested in applying new approaches and ideas to shipwreck management and this presentation will discuss some of the museums latest efforts in this dynamic management...

  • Analyzing Nineteenth-Century Steamboat Rudders on Lake Champlain: Using Photogrammetric Modeling to Aid the Archaeological Process (2016)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Dan Bishop. Kotaro Yamafune.

    In June 2014, a team of nautical archaeologists working near Lake Champlain's Shelburne Shipyard discovered two eroded but otherwise intact rudders on the wrecks of the steamboats A. Williams (1870) and Burlington (1837). These two rudders, along with the rudder from the Oakes Ames/Champlain II (1868) (currently on display at the Lake Champlain Maritime Museum) were manually and photogrammetrically recorded during 2014 and 2015 field seasons.This paper will examine the unique characteristics of...

  • Lake Champlain Steamboat Archaeology: A 15-minute Primer. (2016)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Kevin Crisman.

    A 120-mile-long ribbon of fresh water between Vermont, New York, and Quebec, Lake Champlain has long served as a convenient pathway for trade and communication through the interior of northeastern North America. The lake was at the forefront of the 19th century’s steam navigation revolution, starting with the launching of Vermont in 1809 and ending with the retirement of Ticonderoga in the early 1950s. This paper will briefly examine historical highlights of Champlain’s steamboat era and...

  • Mechanical Scanning Sonar: 21st Century Documentation of 19th Century Shipwrecks (2016)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Christopher Sabick.

    The Lake Champlain Maritime Museum (LCMM) has been exploring the use of mechanical scanning sonar systems for the documentation of the shipwrecks found within its waters.  These technologies allow for fairly rapid recordation of 3D structures in limited visibility environments.  The LCMM has deployed this technology on two canal boat wrecks to determine its effectiveness in comparison with traditional documentation techniques.  This presentation will review the results of those studies as well...

  • Photogrammetric Recording of 19th-Century Lake Champlain Steamboats: Shelburne Shipyard Steamboat Graveyard 2015. (2016)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Kotaro Yamafune. Dan Bishop.

    In June 2015, Texas A&M University, the Institute of Nautical Archaeology and the Lake Champlain Maritime Museum hosted a field school at Shelburne Bay, Lake Champlain. Along with manual recording by archaeologists, the team applied photogrammetric recording (Agisoft PhotoScan) to Wreck 2. The goal of this recording was to create an accurate 1/1 scale constrained model to use as archaeological data. However, low visibility of the water (2-4 ft.) and the sheer size of the wreck (135 ft. 6 in. in...

  • Shelburne Shipyard Steamboat Graveyard: Results of the 2015 field season using traditional and new recording techniques. (2016)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Carolyn Kennedy.

    A team of nautical archaeologists from Texas A&M University, the Institute of Nautical Archaeology and the Lake Champlain Maritime Museum returned to Shelburne Shipyard in June 2015 to continue examining Wreck 2, a steamboat wreck from the early 1800s.  Wreck 2 was surveyed during a preliminary investigation of four steamboat hulls in June 2014 and determined to be the oldest of the four.  The 2015 team recorded Wreck 2 using both traditional archaeological methods and photogrammetric...