Practicing Maritime Cultural Resource Management: Directives for Assessment, Active Conservation in situ, Partial Excavations, and Public Stewardship

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  • Documents (8)

  • Efficient and Effective in situ Heritage Management: Using 3D photomodels to document and assess a site's condition. (2016)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Kotaro Yamafune. Nicholas C. Budsberg. Charles D Bendig.

    Archaeological work and cultural heritage management are significantly limited by time, personnel, and financial resources.  Many submerged and terrestrial archaeological sites are fragile, and are located in easily accessible areas, leaving them exposed to destructive processes.  The successful management of our cultural heritage involves regularly monitoring each site, but most management groups lack sufficient resources to conduct detailed surveys that include metrics, qualitative...

  • The Future of Maritime Archaeology (2016)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Filipe Castro.

    Computers, robots, and the internet are changing maritime archaeology while a global middle class - the consumers of cultural products - is growing fast, at least in Asia and the southern hemisphere. In this context archaeology, including maritime archaeology, appears as a promising field where a young generation of archaeologists is pushing to include multiple publics and narratives about archaeological remains. Public archaeology is trying to make sense of archaeological discoveries and tie...

  • Hidden in Plain Sight: Monitoring Shipwrecks in the Atlantic Waters of St. Augustine, Florida (2016)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only P. Brendan Burke.

    The preservation of submerged heritage in Northeast Florida benefits from poor diving conditions and a lack of awareness of submerged site locations in the region. Overshadowed by the well-known treasure wrecks along Florida’s Treasure Coast and the Florida Keys, the northeastern portion of the state still maintains some of the oldest shipwrecks in North America. As part of the First Coast Maritime Archaeology Project, archaeologists from the Lighthouse Archaeological Maritime Program, the...

  • Highbourne Cay Shipwreck Revisited: 2015 Field Season and Preliminary Assessment (2016)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Nicholas C. Budsberg. Charles D Bendig. Samuel P Turner. Chuck T Meide.

    Previous investigations on the Highbourne Shipwreck in 1986 revealed key construction features that were backfilled for preservation. In May, 2015, a team of archaeologists returned to assess the site, and to answer reflexive questions regarding the effectiveness of partial excavations and backfill techniques. This new examination includes a pre-disturbance photogrammetry model, and limited shovel testing along previously excavated areas. Preliminary results discussed within this paper indicate...

  • Indianola, The Forgotten Gateway to Western Texas: A Proposed Plan of Archaeological Investigation, Preservation, and Outreach (2016)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Samuel M Cuellar.

    The port of Indianola once served as the Gulf Coast's western terminus, providing the shortest overland routes to the Pacific Coast and access to countless European and American immigrants settling west Texas. By 1871, Indianola was second only to Galveston in the size and traffic of its port. Success was short lived, however. Two successive hurricanes in 1875 and 1886 destroyed the city, causing its widescale distruction and abandonment.  Despite a rich, important history, Indianola has not...

  • An Initial Site Assessment of Submerged Naval Aircraft off the Coast of Pensacola, Florida (2016)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Hunter W Whitehead. Nicole O Mauro.

    Known locally as the U.S. Navy's ‘Cradle of Aviation’, the Naval Air Station in Pensacola, Florida has been a fundamental training ground for U.S. naval aviation since the beginning of the 20th century. During World War II, the U.S. Navy was eager to train as many young pilots as possible. Many of those inexperienced pilots were quickly processed through an accelerated flight-training program. Often aircraft would be lost during training missions and left to sink in the Gulf of Mexico. Available...

  • Monitoring and Predicting the Movement and Degradation of Cultural Resources Through Active Public Participation (2016)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Austin L Burkhard.

    Scattered near the coastline of Assateague Island, along the Maryland/Virginia border, hundreds of ships met their demise through harsh weather conditions and treacherous shoals. Similar environmental factors have allowed archaeologists to document these sites through the establishment of a Historic Wreck Tagging Program. The author, working for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, developed and implemented a system to track the degradation and movement of shipwreck timbers as a means to manage...

  • Readdressing Conservation In Situ: New Theoretical and Methodological Approaches to Underwater Cultural Heritage Management (2016)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Charles D Bendig. Nicholas C. Budsberg.

    Protecting cultural heritage and disseminating archaeological research are two of the primary tenets of archaeology.  Protocols, such as the 2001 UNESCO Convention, emphasize monitoring sites over excavation and conservation because of the financial constraints and labor involved, as well as the physical space needed to treat, store, and display collections.  However, no concise field standards exist, few clear directives are offered, and as a result, the application of appropriate conservation...