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Modoc Rock Shelter, IL (11R5)-1984 Main Trench 1/4" Fauna

Creator(s): Mona Colburn ; Bonnie Styles

Year: 1984

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Summary

This data set contains the vertebrate and molluscan remains excavated in 1984 from the Main Trench, and processed with 1/4" water-screening. The Main Trench, which is located within the Main Shelter area of Modoc, includes Units A, B, I, C, and E. 1984 excavations were funded by the National Science Foundation.

Vertebrate remains were identified by Mona Colburn using the Osteological Collections of the Illinois State Museum; and checked by Dr. Bonnie Styles.

Bivalves were identified by Dr. Bonnie Styles and verified by Dr. Bob Warren. In general, preservation of bivalves was very good, with the nacre still shiny on unburned valves and fragments. Valves that are burned gray, dark gray, or black have a slightly weathered appearance.

Faunal remains from three other areas that were excavated in 1984 are in separate datasets; those areas are:

1) West Pillar (Unit F)

2) East Pillar (Units G, H, and J

3) Unit D


This Resource is Part of the Following Collections


Cite this Record

Modoc Rock Shelter, IL (11R5)-1984 Main Trench 1/4" Fauna. Mona Colburn, Bonnie Styles. 1984 ( tDAR id: 398446) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8DR2X2G


Restricted Access Some or all of this resource's attached file(s) are not publicly accessible. They will be released on Apr 14, 2020

Data Set Structure

Measurement Column
Count Column
Coded Column
Filename Column
Integration Column (has Ontology)

Table Information: Modoc1984-MainTrench-ABICE--MacroFauna

Column Name Data Type Type Category Coding Sheet Ontology
Portion-AN/PO VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Anterior/Posterior Coding sheet for Portion-AN/PO (Modoc Rock Shelter, IL (11R5)-1984 Main Trench 1/4" Faunal Remains) Fauna Anterior-Posterior Ontology
Portion-DO?VE VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Dorsal/Ventral Coding sheet for Portion-DO?VE (Modoc Rock Shelter, IL (11R5)-1984 Main Trench 1/4" Faunal Remains) Fauna Dorsal-Ventral Ontology
Portion-PX/DI VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Portion/Proximal/Distal Coding sheet for Portion-PX/DI (Modoc Rock Shelter, IL (11R5)-1984 Main Trench 1/4" Faunal Remains) Fauna Proximal-Distal/Portion Ontology
Round Rounding of bone. Could be due to a variety of causes, such as water rolling, abrasion, gnawing (that causes rounding), and digestion.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Erosion Coding sheet for Round (Modoc Rock Shelter, IL (11R5)-1984 Main Trench 1/4" Vertebrate dataset) Fauna Erosion Ontology
Weath Codes for weathering exhibited by element.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Weathering Coding sheet for Weath (Modoc Rock Shelter, IL (11R5)-1984 Main Trench 1/4" Vertebrate dataset) Fauna Weathering Ontology
Butcher Marks related to human modification of element during butchering or food processing.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Butchering Coding sheet for Butcher (Modoc Rock Shelter, IL (11R5)-1984 Main Trench 1/4" Vertebrate dataset) Fauna Butchering Ontology
HumMod Marks related to human modification of element during artifact manufacture.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Cultural Modification Coding sheet for HumMod (Modoc Rock Shelter, IL (11R5)-1984 Main Trench 1/4" Vertebrate dataset) Fauna Worked Bone Ontology
OriginalPortionCodes VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Fauna : Other none none
Comment Comments regarding modifications, ontogenetic age, seasonal indicators, fitting or articulation of bones/fragments etc.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Fauna : Other none none
NISP Number of identified specimens with the same attributes
BIGINT  Count Fauna : Count none none
Digest Rounding code duplicated for purpose of mapping to the tDAR Digestion Ontology.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Digestion Coding sheet for Digest (Modoc Rock Shelter, IL (11R5)-1984 Main Trench 1/4" Vertebrate dataset) Fauna Digestion Ontology
Gnaw Type of animal gnawing exhibited on faunal element.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Gnawing/Animal Modification Coding sheet for Gnaw (Modoc Rock Shelter, IL (11R5)-1984 Main Trench 1/4" Vertebrate dataset) Fauna Gnawing Ontology
Burn Degree/intensity of burning exhibited by the element
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Burning Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Burning Fauna Burning Intensity Ontology
Resource Type Taxon column repeated for mapping Resource Type Ontology
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Taxon Coding sheet for Resource Type (Modoc Rock Shelter, IL (11R5)-1984 Fauna dataset Main Trench 1/4" Screen) Eastern Archiac Resource type ontology
TaxonSize Codes for animal body sizes. In the case of fish, 8 cm size categories refer to total length for bowfin and gar; and to standard length for all other fish taxa.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Other Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Taxon Size none
Taxon Identification of the bone to the finest taxonomic level possible
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Taxon Coding sheet for Taxon (Modoc Rock Shelter, IL (11R5)-1984 Fauna dataset Main Trench 1/4" Screen) Fauna Taxon Ontology - Eastern US
CF For referred taxa, cf-f means that "cf." is applied to the first name in the taxon field (which often is the genus); and cf-s means that "cf." is on the second name (which is usually species).
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Taxon Illinois State Museum coding sheet for CF Fauna Confidence in Identification Ontology
Class Taxonomic grouping, which is usually class
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Taxon Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Class none
CulturalAffiliation Cultural component
VARCHAR  Coded Value Provenience and Context : Context Coding sheet for CulturalAffiliation (Modoc Rock Shelter, IL (11R5)-1984 Fauna dataset Main Trench 1/4" Screen) EAFWG Chronology Ontology
ContextType Intra-site context
VARCHAR  Coded Value Provenience and Context : Context Coding sheet for ContextType (Modoc Rock Shelter, IL (11R5)-1984 Fauna dataset Main Trench 1/4" Screen) Eastern Archaic Context Types
Bag# Bag # of the faunal remains
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Lot none none
LevelType Arbitrary vs Natural level
VARCHAR  Coded Value Provenience and Context : Level Coding sheet for LevelType (Modoc Rock Shelter, IL (11R5)-1984 Fauna dataset Main Trench 1/4" Screen) Eastern Archaic Excavation Level/Unit Type
Unit&Level Unit of excavation and level within the unit; numbered sequentially from top to bottom.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Context none none
Stratum Stratum designated by the archaeologist
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Stratum none none
Recovery Recovery method, screen mesh size used in recovery
VARCHAR  Coded Value Provenience and Context : Recovery Method Coding sheet for Recovery (Modoc Rock Shelter, IL (11R5)-1984 Fauna dataset Main Trench 1/4" Screen) EAFWG Recovery Method Ontology
ExcYr Year of excavation
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Date none none
Site Name of the site
VARCHAR  Coded Value Provenience and Context : Site Coding sheet for Site (Modoc Rock Shelter, IL (11R5)-1984 Fauna dataset Main Trench 1/4" Screen) Eastern Archaic Site Type
Element Animal body part
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Element Coding sheet for Element (Modoc Rock Shelter, IL (11R5)-1984 Fauna dataset Main Trench 1/4" Screen) Fauna Element Ontology
Stain Staining on bone.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Condition Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Staining none
Completeness Completeness of the element in quarters. Letter refers to portion and number refers to completeness in quarters. These codes are repeated in the Portion column.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Completeness Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Completeness Fauna Completeness Ontology
Side Symmetry; side of the animal's body
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Side Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Side Fauna Side Ontology

Keywords


Spatial Coverage

min long: -90.099; min lat: 38.027 ; max long: -90.053; max lat: 38.072 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Bonnie Styles

Contributor(s): Mona Colburn

Repository(s): Illinois State Museum


Source Collections

Illinois State Museum

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
Modoc1984-MainTrench-ABICE--MacroFauna.xlsx 723.08kb Mar 30, 2015 Sep 7, 2016 12:55:54 PM Embargoed Five Years
1/4" water screened vertebrate and molluscan remains excavated in 1984 from the Main Trench in the Main Shelter. The Main Trench includes Units A, B, I, C, and E. Vertebrate remains were identified by Mona Colburn using the Osteological Collections of the Illinois State Museum; and checked by Dr. Bonnie Styles. Freshwater bivalves were identified by Dr. Bonnie Styles and verified by Dr. Bob Warren. In general, preservation of bivalves was very good, with the nacre still shiny on unburned valves and fragments. Valves that are burned gray, dark gray, or black have a slightly weathered appearance.
Translated version Modoc1984-MainTrench-ABICE--MacroFauna_translated.xlsx (959.38kb)
Data column(s) in this dataset have been associated with coding sheet(s) and translated:

Accessing Restricted Files

At least one of the files for this resource is restricted from public view. For more information regarding access to these files, please reference the contact information below

Contact(s): Bonnie Styles

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America