Ceramics: Temporal-Spatial Dataset

Part of the Dolores Archaeological Program project

Year: 1988

Summary

The Additive Technologies Group (ATG) was responsible for supporting the broad research goals of the DAP through the implementation of mid-level research design governing the collection and analysis of data from “material culture that results from the technological combinations of a variety of raw materials” (Blinman 1986a:57). While these items include worked vegetal material (e.g., basketry and textiles), much of the work performed by the ATG relates to a large ceramic assemblage including “fired pottery, unfired clay, and raw materials” (Wilshusen et al.1999:43). The ATG was headed by William A. Lucius from 1978 to 1981 and by Eric Blinman from 1981 to 1985, with the assistance of Scott E. Travis between 1980 and 1981; supporting work was provided by crew chiefs Robert M. R. Waterworth and C. Dean Wilson. The initial phase of DAP ceramic analysis was structured to yield “resource, technological, typological, and functional information, as well as a complete inventory” (Blinman 1986b:65-66). Subsequent studies of vessel form and post-firing alterations provided information on aspects of ceramic construction and use (Blinman 1986b:67-68).

Datasets beginning with the prefix “TS-“ link attributes from basic data classes with a set of standard temporal, spatial, and typological controls used to “provide a common frame of reference for the project analytical and field staffs” (Kane 1986:353). The size and complexity of the temporal-spatial files are consequences of reducing a vast amount of archaeological data into a theoretical-based matrix of space and time. As Wilshusen et al. (1999:33) note; “the DAP’s temporal-spatial systematic defines and develops the plot, and even delineates the chapters, of the historic narrative detailing this portion of the Dolores River Valley”. As a result, the interpretive power of these files should not be taken lightly (ibid: 147-148). Variables for the ceramics dataset have already been described by Wilshusen et al. (1999). In most cases, their descriptions are suitable for use as metadata and have been repeated almost verbatim here. Selected resources from the collection of published and unpublished DAP reports may have been used for clarification in some cases and will be appropriately referenced.

Cite this Record

Ceramics: Temporal-Spatial Dataset. 1988 ( tDAR id: 6039) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8TD9WNB

Data Set Structure

Measurement Column
Count Column
Coded Column
Filename Column
Integration Column (has Ontology)

Table Information: dap-tscer4

Column Name Data Type Type Category Coding Sheet Ontology
flag This letter code corresponds to a specific project, site, or level of work conducted. Probability sampling, for instance, is the most commonly used code and is denoted by P.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Provenience and Context none none
compact Surface compaction. Used to record the presence of polishing, or lack thereof.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Ceramic none none
csiteid The Anasazi Heritage Center has given each specimen three unique codes, including csiteid, to facilitate management of their DAP collections. This value denotes the entry's corresponding Smithsonian site number.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Provenience and Context none none
uai This variable represents the integrity of the context from which an item was recovered and is a relative measure of the purity of its use area designation. Undisturbed deposits provide the best contextual evidence for making temporal-spatial assignments and will be described as high integrity. Items recovered from deposits containing increasingly higher proportions of extraneous materials will be represented by lower integrity values. This variable may not have been applicable to all entries for a variety of unspecified reasons, but where contextual integrity has been specified, at least 50 percent of the original deposits were thought to be present.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Context none none
uac This variable indicates the level of confidence in the use area assignment. However, this variable may not have been applicable to all entries for a variety of unspecified reasons. Temporal-spatial designations supported by multiple lines of evidence are indicated by high confidence values. Low ranked values on the other hand, are supported by “best guesses” and the experience of crew-members making the determination.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Context none none
tn Since traditions encompass the adaptations, social patterns and lifeways that represent an ethnic group (Kane 1986:359-360), it is important to keep in mind that these synthetic DAP units are not necessarily good measures of time. They may be thought of as units of culture incorporating general similarities within Paleoindian, Archaic, Anasazi, Shoshonean, Prehistoric Athabascan, Protohistoric, and Historic Anglo groups.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Context none none
ti This variable represents the integrity of the context from which an item was recovered and is a relative measure of the purity of its tradition designation. Undisturbed deposits provide the best contextual evidence for making temporal-spatial assignments and will be described as high integrity. Items recovered from deposits containing increasingly higher proportions of extraneous materials will be represented by lower integrity values. This variable may not have been applicable to all entries, but where contextual integrity has been specified, at least 50 percent of the original deposits were thought to be present.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Date none none
suvert Vertical excavation of each study unit may have been conducted with respect to natural strata, arbitrary levels, cultural surfaces, or full cuts. The vertical excavation strategy employed in the recovery of a flaked-lithic tool item is indicated by this variable.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Recovery Method none none
sutype The DAP study unit type represents a culturally or arbitrarily defined provenience context that is also sequentially numbered by occurrence within each site.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Horizontal Location none none
susurf This variable specifies the study unit surface type, but is not necessarily applicable to each flaked-lithic tool item.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Vertical Position none none
sufat The study unit fill/assemblage type variable is used to characterize the cultural, post-abandonment, or mixed contexts from which flaked lithic tools were recovered.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Context none none
stc2 This variable indicates the level of confidence in the site subtype assignment for each flaked lithic tool, if such a determination could be made. Temporal-spatial designations supported by multiple lines of evidence are indicated by high confidence values. Low ranked values on the other hand, are supported by “best guesses” and the experience of crew-members making the determination.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Horizontal Location none none
stc1 This variable indicates the level of confidence in the site type assignment for each flaked lithic tool, if such a determination could be made. Temporal-spatial designations supported by multiple lines of evidence are indicated by high confidence values. Low ranked values on the other hand, are supported by “best guesses” and the experience of crew-members making the determination.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Horizontal Location none none
sstype Special specimen type. A standardized category across all DAP files, of which three apply to ceramics: bulk soil samples, reconstructable vessels, and isolated finds.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Ceramic none none
spn Phase and subphase units in the DAP temporal system are based on “broad similarities of cultural patterns among communities” (Kane 1986: 359). Thus, while phases and subphases do exhibit some degree of chronometric structure, they owe much of their utility to recognizable units of cultural materials. Subphases are situated within the context of a broader phase and incorporate familiar DAP terminology with other Southwestern temporal systems such as the Pecos Classification.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Date none none
spi This variable represents the integrity of the context from which an item was recovered and is a relative measure of the purity of its subphase designation. Undisturbed deposits provide the best contextual evidence for making temporal-spatial assignments and will be described as high integrity. Items recovered from deposits containing increasingly higher proportions of extraneous materials will be represented by lower integrity values. This variable may not have been applicable to all entries, but where contextual integrity has been specified, at least 50 percent of the original deposits were thought to be present.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Date none none
sphandl Special handling status. Identifies the extent to which a reconstructable vessel has been photographed: a blank response means it is not applicable, a 1 indicates one or more pictures have been taken, and a 2 means that no photograph exists.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context none none
spc This variable indicates the level of confidence in the subphase assignment for each flaked lithic tool, if such a determination could be made. Temporal-spatial designations supported by multiple lines of evidence are indicated by high confidence values. Low ranked values on the other hand, are supported by “best guesses” and the experience of crew-members making the determination.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Date none none
ri This variable represents the integrity of the context from which an item was recovered and is a relative measure of the purity of its roomblock designation. Undisturbed deposits provide the best contextual evidence for making temporal-spatial assignments and will be described as high integrity. Items recovered from deposits containing increasingly higher proportions of extraneous materials will be represented by lower integrity values. This variable may not have been applicable to all entries, but where contextual integrity has been specified, at least 50 percent of the original deposits were thought to be present.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context none none
rc This variable indicates the level of confidence in the roomblock assignment for each flaked lithic tool, if such a determination could be made. Temporal-spatial designations supported by multiple lines of evidence are indicated by high confidence values. Low ranked values on the other hand, are supported by “best guesses” and the experience of crew-members making the determination.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context none none
pnttype Paint type. Artifacts are divided into three major categories: organic, mineral, and clay; or some combination of these classifications.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Ceramic none none
pn Phase units in the DAP temporal system are based on “broad similarities of cultural patterns among communities” (Kane 1986: 359). Thus, while phases and subphases do exhibit some degree of chronometric structure, they owe much of their utility to recognizable units of cultural materials. Phases are situated within the context of a tradition and incorporate familiar DAP terminology with other Southwestern temporal systems such as the Pecos Classification.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context none none
pi This variable represents the integrity of the context from which an item was recovered and is a relative measure of the purity of its phase designation. Undisturbed deposits provide the best contextual evidence for making temporal-spatial assignments and will be described as high integrity. Items recovered from deposits containing increasingly higher proportions of extraneous materials will be represented by lower integrity values. This variable may not have been applicable to all entries, but where contextual integrity has been specified, at least 50 percent of the original deposits were thought to be present.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context none none
mpnew In this version of the original modeling period, subperiods that begin in one modeling period and end in another are grouped with the latter modeling period.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context none none
mpn1 Flaked lithic tools may be encompassed by units of analysis called modeling periods which were created largely for examining classes of temporally sensitive data. The seven modeling periods used by the DAP to represent temporal intervals ranging between 40 and 270 years.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context none none
mpc2 This variable indicates the level of confidence in the modeling subperiod assignment for each flaked lithic tool, if such a determination could be made. Temporal-spatial designations supported by multiple lines of evidence are indicated by high confidence values. Low ranked values on the other hand, are supported by “best guesses” and the experience of crew-members making the determination.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context none none
mpc1 This variable indicates the level of confidence in the modeling period assignment for each flaked lithic tool, if such a determination could be made. Temporal-spatial designations supported by multiple lines of evidence are indicated by high confidence values. Low ranked values on the other hand, are supported by “best guesses” and the experience of crew-members making the determination.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context none none
ihi This variable represents the integrity of the context from which an item was recovered and is a relative measure of the purity of its interhousehold cluster designation. Undisturbed deposits provide the best contextual evidence for making temporal-spatial assignments and will be described as high integrity. Items recovered from deposits containing increasingly higher proportions of extraneous materials will be represented by lower integrity values. This variable may not have been applicable to all entries, but where contextual integrity has been specified, at least 50 percent of the original deposits were thought to be present.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context none none
st2 Unlike ST1, the range of codes used to specify site subtypes carry no interpretive value on their own. Instead, these values represent recognized archaeological correlates of the three basic units of site use that are only meaningful when used in association with variable ST1.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Horizontal Location none none
ihc This variable indicates the level of confidence in the interhousehold cluster assignment for each flaked lithic tool, if such a determination could be made. Temporal-spatial designations supported by multiple lines of evidence are indicated by high confidence values. Low ranked values on the other hand, are supported by “best guesses” and the experience of crew-members making the determination.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context none none
collect This variable describes the manner in which an item was collected.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context none none
hi This variable represents the integrity of the context from which an item was recovered and is a relative measure of the purity of its household cluster designation. Undisturbed deposits provide the best contextual evidence for making temporal-spatial assignments and will be described as high integrity. Items recovered from deposits containing increasingly higher proportions of extraneous materials will be represented by lower integrity values. This variable may not have been applicable to all entries, but where contextual integrity has been specified, at least 50 percent of the original deposits were thought to be present.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context none none
hc This variable indicates the level of confidence in the household cluster assignment for each flaked lithic tool, if such a determination could be made. Temporal-spatial designations supported by multiple lines of evidence are indicated by high confidence values. Low ranked values on the other hand, are supported by “best guesses” and the experience of crew-members making the determination.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context none none
fevert Vertical excavation of each study unit may have been conducted with respect to natural strata, arbitrary levels, cultural surfaces, or full cuts. These strategies are respectively indicated by a value of one through three, or nine in the first digit of a three-digit study unit vertical code. The final digits of this code refer to the sequential order in which these types of strategies were employed within a single study unit. Study unit level was only used when excavation by natural strata, cultural surface, or arbitrary levels required additional vertical control. A brief description of the cultural and natural surfaces encountered during excavation is given by a study unit surface type code.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context none none
eei This variable represents the integrity of the context from which an item was recovered and is a relative measure of the purity of its element or episode designation. Undisturbed deposits provide the best contextual evidence for making temporal-spatial assignments and will be described as high integrity. Items recovered from deposits containing increasingly higher proportions of extraneous materials will be represented by lower integrity values. This variable may not have been applicable to all entries for a variety of unspecified reasons, but where contextual integrity has been specified, at least 50 percent of the original deposits were thought to be present.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context none none
tc This variable indicates the level of confidence in the tradition assignment for each flaked lithic tool, if such a determination could be made. Temporal-spatial designations supported by multiple lines of evidence are indicated by high confidence values. Low ranked values on the other hand, are supported by “best guesses” and the experience of crew-members making the determination.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Date none none
pc This variable indicates the level of confidence in the phase assignment for each flaked lithic tool, if such a determination could be made. Temporal-spatial designations supported by multiple lines of evidence are indicated by high confidence values. Low ranked values on the other hand, are supported by “best guesses” and the experience of crew-members making the determination.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context none none
eef In the history of human occupation within the DAP area, cultural variability is traced through temporally and spatially diagnostic assemblages of cultural materials known as synthetic units. Perhaps more intuitively meaningful are the intervals of site use (element and episode) that comprise the basic units of the DAP temporal system. The episode is used to describe the short-term use of a site, usually for logistical or extractive purposes, and can be measured in hours or weeks. Extended occupations called elements, on the other hand, are marked by architectural investment and may range between 10 and 30 years. These EEF type designations are associated with familiar confidence and integrity values.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context none none
manipul Surface manipulation. Includes nine values used to describe the surface characteristics and manipulation of a clay vessel.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Ceramic none none
eec This variable indicates the level of confidence in the element or episode assignment. However, this variable may not have been applicable to all entries for a variety of unspecified reasons. Temporal-spatial designations supported by multiple lines of evidence are indicated by high confidence values. Low ranked values on the other hand, are supported by “best guesses” and the experience of crew-members making the determination.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
cultcat Culture category. Tracks ceramic manufacturing within culture categories---Mesa Verde, Kayenta, Chuska, and Cibola.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context none none
color Used to describe and classify the colors of paint used on a sherd. There are nine values starting at black/brown and continuing through various colors.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Ceramic none none
ccn Flaked lithic tools that have been assigned to a community cluster were recovered from a recognized unit of “space, facilities, and architecture normally used by a community” (Kane 1983: 13). The tendency for settlements to become increasingly concentrated over time is reflected in the sequence of community cluster names that link recognized communities in the DAP area with established temporal periods.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
uat Flaked lithic tools that have been assigned to a use area were recovered from a hierarchical unit of space used by individuals and task groups that incorporates multiple activity areas.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Context none none
cci This variable represents the integrity of the context from which an item was recovered and is a relative measure of the purity of its community cluster designation. Undisturbed deposits provide the best contextual evidence for making temporal-spatial assignments and will be described as high integrity. Items recovered from deposits containing increasingly higher proportions of extraneous materials will be represented by lower integrity values. This variable may not have been applicable to all entries for a variety of unspecified reasons, but where contextual integrity has been specified, at least 50 percent of the original deposits were thought to be present.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context none none
ccc This variable indicates the level of confidence in the community cluster assignment. However, this variable may not have been applicable to all entries for a variety of unspecified reasons. Temporal-spatial designations supported by multiple lines of evidence are indicated by high confidence values. Low ranked values on the other hand, are supported by “best guesses” and the experience of crew-members making the determination.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context none none
caccnid The Anasazi Heritage Center has given each specimen three unique codes, including caccnid, to facilitate management of their DAP collections. The first digits of this value indicates the year that it was accessioned.
DOUBLE  Uncoded Value Lookup : Other none none
aat Each entry in a temporal-spatial dataset is assigned to a use area type, which provides a hierarchical-based functional description of the context from which it was recovered. These contexts are the activity spaces used by individuals and task groups and are comprised of multiple activity areas. Use areas within a site are sequentially numbered and are accompanied by standard confidence and integrity assessments.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Context none none
aai This variable represents the integrity of the context from which an item was recovered and is a relative measure of the purity of its activity area designation. Undisturbed deposits provide the best contextual evidence for making temporal-spatial assignments and will be described as high integrity. Items recovered from deposits containing increasingly higher proportions of extraneous materials will be represented by lower integrity values. This variable may not have been applicable to all entries for a variety of unspecified reasons, but where contextual integrity has been specified, at least 50 percent of the original deposits were thought to be present.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Context none none
aac This variable indicates the level of confidence in the activity area assignment. However, this variable may not have been applicable to all entries for a variety of unspecified reasons. Temporal-spatial designations supported by multiple lines of evidence are indicated by high confidence values. Low ranked values on the other hand, are supported by “best guesses” and the experience of crew-members making the determination.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Context none none
site Site number refers only to the sequential position of a site within a single Smithsonian state and county designation. To obtain a full site number for any entry, this value must be appended to the Smithsonian state and county designation.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Horizontal Location none none
een Since elements and episodes within a site are sequentially numbered, items can be linked to a specific interval of site use with this variable.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
area The Anasazi Heritage Center has given each specimen three unique codes, including caccnid, to facilitate management of their DAP collections. The first digits of this value indicates the year that it was accessioned.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Horizontal Location none none
fenum Since features within a site are sequentially numbered, this variable allows enables users to identify the exact feature from which a flaked lithic tool was recovered.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context none none
fs The most basic type of provenience data recorded for all information obtained during DAP fieldwork is the field specimen number. These values are sequentially assigned to unique vertical and horizontal locations within each site that are also meaningful from the viewpoint of the DAP research program.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context none none
ihn Flaked lithic tools that have been assigned to an interhousehold cluster were recovered from a recognized unit of related households. This measure of social organization is partially based on a comparison of architectural style, artifact inventories, and activity area locations (Kane 1983: 13). Since interhousehold clusters within a site are sequentially numbered, this variable allows enables users to identify the exact interhousehold cluster from which a flaked lithic tool was recovered.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context none none
fehoriz Provenienced data from a study unit, or in this case feature, was recovered through one of seven ways and is indicated by the first digit of a four-digit study unit horizontal code. In this category, consecutive numbers for locus and segment designations were assigned for each study unit. Strategies indicated by half, strip, and quadrant variables also contain associated directional information in the final digit of the study unit horizontal code. Beginning with north, these values correspond to eight cardinal directions read in a clockwise fashion. For provenienced data obtained from grid squares, including any grid squares tied to a local datum, grid coordinates south in meters are expressed as the final three digits of the study unit horizontal code. Grid-based provenience data also has a corresponding three-digit study unit grid value for eastern coordinates expressed in meters.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context none none
catno A unique catalog item number used for identification in the laboratory.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Lookup : Other none none
aan Since activity areas within a site are sequentially numbered, items can be linked to the specific activity area from which they were recovered using this variable.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Context none none
temper The type of temper used, which can be used to infer the sourcing for ceramics found.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Ceramic none none
sufap The study unit fill/assemblage position variable is used to indicate the context from which data was collected relative to its position within the study unit being examined.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Vertical Position none none
modcnt Modification class. Used to count the number of modified sherds within a lot. Modification is defined as any type of intentional changing of a vessel after it was fired.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Ceramic none none
firing Firing atmosphere. Attempts to record the effects of the original firing and includes nine values---from smudging to vitrification.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context none none
fetype This variable describes the feature associated with a flaked lithic tool.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context none none
fefat The fill/assemblage type designations are essentially attempting to identify the primary formation processes contributing to the deposition of materials within each study unit, or feature in this case.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context none none
type Pottery type. Includes defined and group types, and must be paired with other categories such as cultural affiliation and ware to provide an accurate picture of the artifact.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Ceramic none none
subarea Sites excavated by subsections were given corresponding area designations. If further horizontal control was required, subarea numbers were sequentially assigned within each excavation area at each site.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context none none
sunum Instances of the same study unit type were sequentially numbered within a site.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Horizontal Location none none
sugrid Used only when study units were excavated by grid squares, this number represents the coordinate value east in meters.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context none none
ssno Special specimen number. Assigned sequentially within the special specimen type within a particular site.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context none none
rn Groups of two or more nuclear family dwelling units, otherwise known as roomblocks, found in association with at least two pitstructure features were assigned sequential numbers within sites.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Feature ID/Number none none
rimcnt Counts the number of rims collected, and given a single catalog number.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ceramic : Count none none
lotwt Lot weight. The combined weight of a lot with a single catalog number; measured to the nearest 0.1 grams.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ceramic none none
lotcnt Lot count. Accounts for all sherds that are identified with a single catalog number.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ceramic none none
hn Flaked lithic tools that have been assigned to a household cluster were recovered from a recognized unit of space and facilities used by an individual household (Kane 1983: 12). Since household clusters within a site are sequentially numbered, this variable allows enables users to identify the household cluster from which a flaked lithic tool was recovered.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context none none
ware Groups within a cultural category that further defines a ware through its manufacturing technique or modes of production.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
uan Since use areas within a site are sequentially numbered, flaked-lithic tool items can be linked to the specific use area from which they were recovered using this variable.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Context none none
form An attempt to record the vessel form; ranging from bowls to feather boxes in 33 different categories. After 1982, this value only classifies pre-firing form.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Ceramic none none
cobjectid The Anasazi Heritage Center has given each specimen three unique codes, including cobjectid, to facilitate management of their DAP collections. Since this value is used in association with the AHC ARGUS database for tracking the location of a record, it is important for any researcher requesting objects from the curator.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
suhoriz The horizontal excavation strategy employed in the recovery of a flaked-lithic tool item is indicated by this variable. Locus and segments are assigned a sequential number within each study unit. Half, strip, and quadrant designations are associated with one of eight cardinal directions. Coordinates in meters south are provided for grid square excavations. In some cases, excavations were conducted within grid squares tied to a numbered local datum.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Recovery Method none none
pl The point location variable is a subdivision of the field specimen number that denotes an item or group of items of a significant type and/or context.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context none none
st1 The frequency and duration of site use, known as site type 1 (ST1), may be characterized by a limited set of economic or social activities conducted at its location, its position within in the seasonal-based economic and social rounds of its occupants, or its suitability for permanent habitation.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Horizontal Location none none
sittype The site type variable is used to combine type and subtype into a meaningful archaeological account of prehistoric group settlement behavior within the DAP area (Kane 1986).
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Horizontal Location none none
mpn Flaked lithic tools may also be encompassed by a smaller unit of temporal analysis called the subperiod. These units range between 20 and 45 years and may incorporate combinations of subperiods, or combinations of whole periods. As a result, 80 combinations of 18 subperiods were used in various DAP analyses.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context none none
cdept The Anasazi Heritage Center has given each specimen three unique codes, including cdept, to facilitate management of their DAP collections. This value indicates the tool department to which each record belongs.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Lookup none none
cover Surface cover. Used to record slips or coatings on each sherd.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Ceramic none none

Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 600 to 1250

Spatial Coverage

min long: -108.59; min lat: 37.47 ; max long: -108.5; max lat: 37.57 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contributor(s): Scott E. Travis; Robert M.R. Waterworth; C. Dean Wilson

Lab Director(s): William Lucius; Eric Blinman

Record Identifiers

Bureau of Reclamation(s): 8-07-40-S0562

Source Collections

Materials curated at the Anasazi Heritage Center, Dolores, CO

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
dap-tscer4.csv 83.81mb Jul 27, 2012 4:47:44 PM Public