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Ancestral Puebloan (Temporal Keyword)

1-25 (32 Records)

Additive Technologies Group Midlevel Research Design (1983)

DOCUMENT [ID: 374737] Eric Blinman.

This document is an extension of work begun by William A. Lucius, and its substance owes much to his foresight in the design of the Dolores Archaeological Program ceramic analysis system. Scott Travis authored a draft research design for ceramics which was helpful during the writing of portions of the present version. Dean Wilson and Rob Waterworth provided intense discussions of the interpretation of ceramic data, and their arguments and ideas have shaped and continue to shape...


Antiquities of the Mesa Verde National Park: Cliff Palace (1911)

DOCUMENT [ID: 398949] Jesse Walter Fewkes.

This report describes archaeological investigations and ruins reconstruction and stabilization work done by Fewkes and his crew in the summer of 1909. In that time Fewkes describes repairing "...completely this great ruin and to leave it in such condition that tourists and students visiting it may learn much more about cliff-dwellings than was possible before the work was undertaken." This report describes the excavation and repair work done. It increases existing knowledge by directing...


Botanical Resources: Corn (1985)

DATASET [ID: 6205] Uploaded by: Jesse Clark

The corn dataset was used in association with an intensive botanical study designed to identify different varieties of corn in the assemblage of corn cobs and plant fragments recovered in the course of DAP fieldwork. The variables in this dataset contain information and measurements pertaining to the number or rows of kernels on an ear, its shape and size, and various details about glumes, cupules, and kernels. Variables for the CORN10 dataset have been described by Wilshusen et al. (1999);...


Botanical Resources: Pollen (1985)

DATASET [ID: 6242] Uploaded by: Jesse Clark

The pollen dataset contains basic provenience data for each pollen sample collected. These data are accompanied by taxonomic classification and the grain count per taxon. Detailed locational information can be obtained by linking this dataset with the provenience dataset. Variables for the corn dataset have already been described by Wilshusen et al. (1999). In most cases, their descriptions are suitable for use as metadata and have been repeated almost verbatim here. Selected resources from the...


Ceramics: Temporal-Spatial Dataset (1988)

DATASET [ID: 6039] Uploaded by: Jesse Clark

The Additive Technologies Group (ATG) was responsible for supporting the broad research goals of the DAP through the implementation of mid-level research design governing the collection and analysis of data from “material culture that results from the technological combinations of a variety of raw materials” (Blinman 1986a:57). While these items include worked vegetal material (e.g., basketry and textiles), much of the work performed by the ATG relates to a large ceramic assemblage including...


Chronometric Dating (1985)

DATASET [ID: 6206] Uploaded by: Jesse Clark

The results of chronometric analysis on special specimen samples collected for dating can be found in this dataset. Samples are linked to basic provenience data such as site and field specimen number. The temporal range for each sample will be indicated by variables for earliest and latest dates. These variables give the innermost and outermost dates of wood submitted for dendrochronological dating and their corresponding Tree-Ring Lab symbols indicating how close the date provided is to the...


The Dolores Archaeological Program

PROJECT [ID: 5398] Robert A. Bye. Christine K. Robinson. David A. Breternitz. Allen E. Kane. Steven E. James. Timothy A. Kohler. William D. Lipe. Bureau of Reclamation.

From 1978 until 1985 the University of Colorado contracted with the Bureau of Reclamation (Contract No. 8-07-40-S0562) to mitigate the adverse impact of a large water impoundment project on the cultural resources in the project area. This complex and evolving long-term mitigation plan known as the Dolores Archaeological Program (DAP) has been called a “truly unique chapter in American archaeology” (Breternitz 1993:118) and was applauded by Lipe (1998:2) for its ability to “increase the power and...


Dolores Archaeological Program Technical Reports: Additive Technologies (1984)

DOCUMENT [ID: 377109] Eric Blinman. C. Dean Wilson. Robert M.R. Waterworth. Mary P. Errickson. Linda P. Hart.

The Additive Technologies Group of the Dolores Archaeological Program is responsible for Inventory and descriptive analyses of ceramic end worked vegetal materials that are recovered as part of archaeological surveys end excavations. Procedures for the analysls of ceramic materials were established In 1978 by William A. Lucius and have been implemented, with some changes, through 1984. The ceramics analysis system records temper, selected technological attributes, vessel form class, traditional...


Dolores Archaeological Program: Final Synthetic Report (1986)

DOCUMENT [ID: 366291] David A. Breternitz. Christine K. Robinson. G. Timothy Gross.

This is the final synthetic report of the Dolores Archaeological Project. It includes an overview of the project itself, as well as final reports from the additive and reductive technologies, and environmental archaeology groups. The final report also includes summation of the prehistorical context for the Dolores River Valley and modeling, resource, and population studies. Information on the various technologies---lithics, ceramics, and facilities---are also examined. This report also...


The Dolores Archaeological Program: In Memoriam (1993)

DOCUMENT [ID: 6259] David A. Breternitz.

The Dolores Archaeological Project (DAP) encompassed a contract period from June 1978 through December 1985. Although investigations both preceded and postdated the contract period, the accomplishments, failures, positive and negative aspects of DAP, and certain comparisons with another major cultural-resource-mitigation project offer historical, methodological, and academic lessons that are instructive, particularly for future, long-term, federally (or non-federally) financed...


Dolores Archaeological Program: Synthetic Report (1986)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 377125] D. A. Breternitz. Christine K. Robinson. Timothy Gross.

The Dolores Project was a large water-impoundment project constructed by the Bureau of Reclamation in southwestern Colorado. From 1978 until 1985 the University of Colorado contracted with the Bureau of Reclamation (Contract No. 8-07-40-S0562) to mitigate the adverse effects of the Dolores Project on the cultural resources in the project area; Washington State University was the major subcontractor. The mitigation program was called the Dolores Archaeological Program (DAP). This volume presents...


Dolores Archaeological Program: Synthetic Report 1978-1981 (1984)

DOCUMENT [ID: 366292] David A. Breternitz.

The "Dolores Archaeological Program: Synthetic Report 1978-1981" is the second publication in a series of reports by the Bureau of Reclamation, U.S. Department of the Interior, on the findings of the Dolores Archaeological Program including excavation activities, and the preservation and analysis of newly discovered artifacts.


Dolores Archaeological Program: Synthetic Report 1978-1981 (1984)

DOCUMENT [ID: 377124] D. A. Breternitz.

The Dolores Project was a large water project constructed by the Bureau of Reclamation in extreme southwestern Colorado. The Dolores Archaeological Program was responsible for the Dolores Project Cultural Resources Mitigation Program under Bureau of Reclamation Contract No. 8-07-40-S0562. At the request of the Bureau of Reclamation, the Dolores Archaeological Program produced this report entitled Dolores Archaeological Program Synthetic Report 1978-1981. This report provides the Bureau of...


The Dolores Legacy: A User's Guide to the Dolores Archaeological Program Data (1999)

DOCUMENT [ID: 6243] Uploaded by: Jesse Clark

A user's guide to the Dolores Archaeological Program data, compiled with assistance from a State Historical Fund grant from the Colorado Historical Society. This is highly recommended as a point of entry into the large and complex DAP datasets. It contains a general introduction to the DAP and its datasets, by Richard Wilshusen; an introduction to the provenience data and DAP temporal-spatial taxonomy and interpretations, by Christine Ward; brief descriptions of each of the major databases; an...


Flaked Lithic Debitage (1985)

DATASET [ID: 6145] Carl J. Phagan.

The Reductive Technologies Group (RTG) was responsible for supporting the broad research goals of the DAP through the implementation of a mid-level research design governing the collection and analysis of data from “artifacts which were manufactured by reductive, or subtractive techniques” (Phagan 1986a:79). Independent datasets for each of the four preliminary analysis systems reflect the technological distinctions made between flaked lithic tools (FLT10a and FLT10b); the debitage created in...


Flaked Lithic Tools: Temporal-Spatial Dataset (1985)

DATASET [ID: 6032] Carl J. Phagan.

The Reductive Technologies Group (RTG) was responsible for supporting the broad research goals of the DAP through the implementation of mid-level research design governing the collection and analysis of data from “artifacts which were manufactured by reductive, or subtractive techniques” (Phagan 1986a: 79). The RTG was headed by Roger A. Moore between 1978 and 1979; Carl J. Phagan assumed this position from 1979 to 1985, with the assistance of T. Homer Hruby between 1980 and 1984. Supporting...


Geological Study Samples (1985)

DATASET [ID: 6246] Uploaded by: Jesse Clark

The sediments dataset is a catalog of the geological samples used in a study of the physical and chemical properties of local soils. The chemical and granulometric analyses conducted on these samples contributed to an evaluation of potential for successful dry-land agriculture in the Dolores Valley. Soils in the project area are generally derived from eolian parent material and exhibit a loamy texture that indicates their suitability for agricultural production (Decker and Petersen 1987)....


Hafted Items (1985)

DATASET [ID: 6174] Uploaded by: Jesse Clark

The Reductive Technologies Group (RTG) was headed by Roger A. Moore between 1978 and 1979 and by Carl J. Phagan from 1979 to 1985, with the assistance of T. Homer Hruby between 1980 and 1984; supporting work was provided by crew chiefs Gail G. Snyder and Phillip D. Neusius. This DAP analysis group was responsible for supporting the broad research goals of the DAP through the implementation of mid-level research design governing the collection and analysis of data from “artifacts which were...


IDENTIFICATION AND AMS RADIOCARBON DATING OF WOOD, ZEA MAYS COB, AND BONE FROM THE STAR CEILING CAVE SITE NEAR CUBA, NEW MEXICO AND ZEA MAYS COB MORPHOMETRICS (2011)

DOCUMENT [ID: 380218] Kathryn Puseman. Linda Scott Cummings. Chad Yost.

Woody twigs, Zea mays cob, and bone samples from the Star Ceiling Cave site near the town of Cuba, New Mexico, were submitted for identification and AMS radiocarbon dating. This site consists of a cave with a spring and numerous pictographs and mud-ball offerings. Pictographs in the cave are noted to represent Ancestral Puebloan/Puebloan culture as well as Navajo ceremonialism. Twigs were present in a mud-ball adhering to the top of the cave. Radiocarbon dating of the twigs provides information...


Linked Provenience-Feature Class (2000)

DATASET [ID: 366756] Uploaded by: Kelsey M. Reese

The linked provenience category is an organized way to describe how a feature was excavated, and where artifacts were found within that feature. The categories are numerically based in order to systematically define excavation strategy and the execution of that strategy. Each vertical and horizontal strategy is denoted with a corresponding number---for example horizontal excavation strategies are broken down into whole study unit, locus, segment, half, strip, quadrant, etc. (Wilshusen et al....


Macrobotanical Remains (1985)

DATASET [ID: 6161] Uploaded by: Jesse Clark

The DAP research design was structured to systematically address broad domains of inquiry that encompass economy and adaptation, paleodemography, social organization, extra-regional relationships, and cultural process. The variables used in the botanical datasets represent the various lines of evidence needed to mitigate “bioturbation, preservation, and sampling biases” and establish the “case for cultural association of botanical remains preserved in the archaeological record” (Petersen, Clay...


Maps (1985)

DATASET [ID: 6207] Uploaded by: Jesse Clark

A small percentage of the maps reproduced from field data can be found in the series of published DAP reports, but a much larger collection of original material can be accessed via the Anasazi Heritage Center, Colorado. The maps dataset allows users to easily know what maps are available for any provenience. Maps were sequentially numbered within each site and later classified as one of 47 taxa, according to the type of information the map was meant to convey. Documenting the contents of a site...


Miscellaneous (1985)

DATASET [ID: 6249] Uploaded by: Jesse Clark

Objects in the miscellaneous dataset are grouped together because their interesting, unusual, or otherwise distinctive characteristics distinguish them from items in other DAP datasets. Wilshusen et al. (1999:99) indicate that these items include minerals, fossils, petrified wood, feathers, and eggshell. Users will also find records for human remains in this dataset. Computer instructions for accessing this dataset, on file at the Anasazi Heritage Center, are perhaps the best means of obtaining...


Non-flaked Lithic Tools: Temporal-Spatial Dataset (1985)

DATASET [ID: 6040] Carl J. Phagan.

The Reductive Technologies Group (RTG) was responsible for supporting the broad research goals of the DAP through the implementation of mid-level research design governing the collection and analysis of data from “artifacts which were manufactured by reductive, or subtractive techniques” (Phagan 1986a:79). The RTG was headed by Roger A. Moore between 1978 and 1979 and by Carl J. Phagan from 1979 to 1985, with the assistance of T. Homer Hruby between 1980 and 1984; supporting work was provided by...


Ornamental Objects (1985)

DATASET [ID: 6250] Uploaded by: Jesse Clark

Designation in this project as "ornament" was utilized to classify items that held some sort of special value to the residents of the Dolores study area, including items such as beads and pendants made from turquoise, jet, bone, and shell. Such artifacts are considered significant because they were traded over very long distances and used in ritual as well as mortuary contexts. These objects can show the extent of trading relations, and allow for the recognition and documentation of possible...

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Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America