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Photographs

Part of the Dolores Archaeological Program project

Year: 1985

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Summary

Photographs are one of the few remaining ways to examine the now inundated archaeological sites in the DAP. Photographic images add context to specific aspects of Anasazi life in the DAP area; in a sense, DAP photography "provides the investigator with ways to understand the spatial integration of households and communities" (Wilshusen et al. 1999:115). Only a fraction of all photographs taken during the project can be found in the published series of DAP reports. Individuals wishing to access the remaining collection should start here, treating the photography dataset as a digital catalog. Photographs were absolutely necessary in documenting the excavation process at several intervals; beginning with each context's natural, or pre-excavation state, to the removal of non-cultural overburden, and its final appearance following the removal of associated cultural deposits (see Kane and Robinson 1984). Stratigraphic profiles were also recorded in this fashion. Images of graffiti, and vandalism can also be found among the DAP photographic records; other photographs taken include publicity shots that depict archaeologists at work. The quality of photographs is not noted in the dataset and it should be kept in mind that, for the most part, archaeologists are not trained photographers; individuals can access each film roll's negatives at the Anasazi Heritage Center to determine quality prior to pulling and printing an image.

The coding protocol used in organizing the photos dataset is efficient, albeit difficult to describe; it consists of variables with a floating set of values that are only meaningful when considered in relation to other variables. The theme variable, for instance, indicates whether photographs were taken using the coding guidelines of a particular form that corresponds to a laboratory, survey, or excavation setting. Photographs taken with a bipod will also be indicated by this variable. Some photographs may have been taken in a context other than a laboratory, but are nonetheless considered laboratory photographs because they have been coded using a laboratory coding form. It is important to keep in mind that the meaning of six other variables in this dataset (PURSUT, FSSUNUM, MATSURT, CATSURN, SSFETYPE, and SSFENUM) depend on whether a photograph was coded with a laboratory form.

Similarly, the CCODE variable describes the general subject matter of a photograph and puts the values of the OTYPE variable in meaningful context. Thus, a single OTYPE value, which provides a more detailed description of a photograph's content, will mean different things, depending on the value of the CCODE variable. The ONUM variable in turn, depends on the values of both the CCODE and OTYPE variable.

Unfortunately, the dataset provided here does not follow this coding structure. Instead, dependent variables have not been translated from their original coded value. Users may, however, cross-reference the FSSUNUM and SSFENUM values in this dataset with field specimen numbers, study unit numbers, feature numbers, and special specimen numbers in other datasets since these variables do not code for other values.

Variables in the photographs dataset have been described by Wilshusen et al. (1999); for further clarification of the unique coding structure of this dataset consult the section entitled "Photographs" by Brian Yunker in Chapter 4. In most cases, his descriptions are suitable for use as metadata and have been repeated almost verbatim here. Selected resources from the collection of published and unpublished DAP reports may have been used for clarification in some cases and will be appropriately referenced.


Cite this Record

Photographs. 1985 ( tDAR id: 6234) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8QF8QZD


Data Set Structure

Measurement Column
Count Column
Coded Column
Filename Column
Integration Column (has Ontology)

Table Information: dap-photo01

Column Name Data Type Type Category Coding Sheet Ontology
ssfenum For all laboratory photographs, this variable indicates the special specimen number of the object. For all other theme values, this variable indicates the feature number of the subject.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Photograph : Subject none none
ssfetyp For all laboratory photographs, this variable indicates the special specimen type of the object. For all other theme values, this variable indicates the feature type of the subject.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Photograph : Subject none none
theme This variable indicates whether photographs were taken using the coding guidelines of a particular form that corresponds to a laboratory, survey, or excavation setting. Photographs corresponding to completed excavations are differentiated from those taken of excavations in progress. Photographs taken with a bipod will also be indicated here. Some photographs may have been taken in a context other than a laboratory, but are nonetheless coded as laboratory because they have been coded using a laboratory coding form. It is important to keep in mind that the meaning of several other variables in this dataset depend on the value of this variable.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Photograph : Subject none none
otype This variable provides a more specific description of the subject matter depicted in a photograph. The value of the CCODE variable puts the values of the OTYPE variable in meaningful context. In other words, a single OTYPE value can mean different things, depending on the value of the CCODE variable.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Photograph : Subject none none
ccode This variable indicates the general subject matter of photograph. The value of the CCODE variable puts the values of the OTYPE variable in meaningful context. In other words, a single OTYPE value can mean different things, depending on the value of the CCODE variable.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Photograph : Subject none none
matsurt For all laboratory photographs, this variable indicates the material indentification class of the subject. Otherwsie this variable indicates the surface type depicted in the photograph.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Photograph : Subject none none
pursut Ths variable identifies purpose of a photograph or the study unit number depicted. Purpose is only specified for laboratory photographs taken of an artifact or group of artifacts. All other values indicate the type of study unit depicted in the photograph.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Photograph : Subject none none
scarea This variable indicates the area in the photograph where a scale can be found. Blank values indicate the absence of a scale.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Photograph : Other none none
csiteid The Anasazi Heritage Center has given each specimen several unique codes, including csiteid, to facilitate management of their DAP collections. This value denotes the entry's corresponding Smithsonian site number.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Horizontal Location none none
caccnid The Anasazi Heritage Center has given each specimen several unique codes, including caccnid, to facilitate management of their DAP collections. The first digits of this value indicate the year that it was accessioned.
DOUBLE  Uncoded Value Lookup : Code none none
cdept The Anasazi Heritage Center has given each specimen several unique codes, including cdept, to facilitate management of their DAP collections. This value specifies the tool department to which each record belongs.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Lookup : Description none none
site The site number to which the subject corresponds.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context none none
stco The state and county of the site to which the photograph is corresponding.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context none none
cobjectid The Anasazi Heritage Center has given each specimen several unique codes, including cobjectid, to facilitate management of their DAP collections. Since this value is used in association with the AHC ARGUS database for tracking the location of a record, it is important for any researcher requesting objects from the curator.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Lookup : Code none none
rollnum This variable indicates the numbered roll associated with an exposure.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Photograph : Roll none none
onum The nature of this attribute's values change depending on the values specified in the CCODE and OTYPE variables.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Photograph : Other none none
catsurn For all laboratory photographs, this variable indicates the catalog item number of the object. Otherwise, the surface number is indicated.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Photograph : Subject none none
fssunum This variable indicates the field specimen number of a laboratory photograph or the study unit number of a photograph's subject for all other theme values.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Photograph : Subject none none
valu This variable indicates whether each photograph has some potential for use in publications, is intended for internal use, or has minimal value for either case.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Photograph : Subject none none
exponum This variable corresponds to the exposure's position in a numbered roll.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Photograph : Frame none none

Keywords


Spatial Coverage

min long: -108.59; min lat: 37.47 ; max long: -108.5; max lat: 37.57 ;

Record Identifiers

Bureau of Reclamation(s): 8-07-40-S0562

Source Collections

DAP collections are curated at the Anasazi Heritage Center, Dolores, CO.

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
dap-photo01.csv 7.24mb Sep 18, 2012 2:55:09 PM Public
Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America