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Hafted Items

Part of the Dolores Archaeological Program project

Year: 1985

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Summary

The Reductive Technologies Group (RTG) was headed by Roger A. Moore between 1978 and 1979 and by Carl J. Phagan from 1979 to 1985, with the assistance of T. Homer Hruby between 1980 and 1984; supporting work was provided by crew chiefs Gail G. Snyder and Phillip D. Neusius. This DAP analysis group was responsible for supporting the broad research goals of the DAP through the implementation of mid-level research design governing the collection and analysis of data from “artifacts which were manufactured by reductive, or subtractive techniques” (Phagan 1986a:79). Such items in the DAP assemblage are largely constructed of lithic materials, but may also be made of bone or shell. The RTG also recognized an assemblage of “large hafted tools that reflected a significant amount of technological input and heavy curation” (Phagan 1986a:141). These items were primarily identified among non-flaked lithic tool assemblages, but also include flaked modes of production; their attributes have been collected in a single dataset within the non-flaked lithic tool class (HAFT10).

In many cases, the RTG made use of existing models to identify attributes relevant to a particular research question. However, in some instances, theoretical models were inadequate, or simply did not exist. Being unable to identify a secure classification system for hafted tools in Southwestern archaeological literature, the RTG modeled their analysis of axes, mauls, and other large hafted items on the flaked and non-flaked lithic tools systems (Phagan 1986). These other DAP systems were especially applicable since many of the items in the hafted tool assemblage share some aspects of their production with flaked, pecked, polished, or ground items.

Through two integrated analytic systems, the RTG provided the “maximum latitude” (Phagan 1986a:81) needed to meet the scope of DAP research spanning the General Research Design (Phagan 1986b), Modeling Effort (Lipe 1981), and the 1978 Lithics Research Design (Knudson 1980). Both systems were designed to account for a high degree of anticipated variability in each artifact category and at several levels of analytic intensity. The DAP reductive technologies database is therefore organized by attribute rather than complete item. Additional variables, recorded during a series of RTG substantive studies (Phagan 1984a, 1984b; Vierra and Phagan 1984; Orth and Phagan 1984) and the DAP modeling project (Lipe 1984), comprise a third system of synthetic analysis.

Variables in the hafted tools dataset have been described by Wilshusen et al. (1999); see especially the section entitled "Nonflaked Lithic Tools" by Cara C. Gulley in Chapter 3. In most cases, her descriptions are suitable for use as metadata and have been repeated almost verbatim here. Selected resources from the collection of published and unpublished DAP reports may have been used for clarification in some cases and will be appropriately referenced.


Cite this Record

Hafted Items. 1985 ( tDAR id: 6174) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8XS5SB4


Data Set Structure

Measurement Column
Count Column
Coded Column
Filename Column
Integration Column (has Ontology)

Table Information: dap-haft10

Column Name Data Type Type Category Coding Sheet Ontology
morpho DAP analysts focused on aspects of notches and grooves most suitable for establishing morphological classes of hafted tools. Mauls may exhibit opposing notches or be completely grooved. Axes exhibit similar hafting attributes, but may also be 3/4 grooved or tri-notched. Severely broken items were described as not further specified.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
stco To obtain a full site designation for any entry, append the Smithsonian site number to this variable.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Horizontal Location none none
fs The most basic type of provenience data recorded for all information obtained during DAP fieldwork is the field specimen number. These values are sequentially assigned to unique vertical and horizontal locations within each site.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Context none none
site Site number refers only to the sequential position of a site within a single Smithsonian state and county designation. To obtain a full site number for any entry, this value must be appended to the Smithsonian state and county designation.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
depth This variable indicates an item's notch depth in millimeters
BIGINT  Measurement (millimeter) uncategorized none none
totlen This variable indicates each specimen's total length in millimeters.
BIGINT  Measurement (millimeter) uncategorized none none
dist This variable indicates the distance in millimeters between the notches of a hafted tool.
BIGINT  Measurement (millimeter) uncategorized none none
cobjectid The Anasazi Heritage Center has given each specimen three unique codes, including cobjectid, to facilitate management of their DAP collections. Since this value is used in association with the AHC ARGUS database for tracking the location of a record, it is important for any researcher requesting objects from the curator.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Lookup : Code none none
prodhaf DAP analysts were able to select from six options when describing the techniques used to produce a tool's haft.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
catno A unique catalog item number used by DAP analysts for identification in the laboratory.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Lookup : Code none none
mater The subset of local sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic raw materials used by DAP analysts to describe non-flaked lithic tools was also used for the hafted tool assemblage.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
prodbut DAP analysts were able to select from six options when describing the techniques used to produce a tool's butt. An identical set of options was available for describing the bit of each hafted specimen.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
weight This variable indicates each specimen's weight to the nearest gram for all items less than 2000 grams. Heavier specimens were rounded to the nearest 50 grams.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
csiteid The Anasazi Heritage Center has given each specimen three unique codes, including csiteid, to facilitate management of their DAP collections. This value denotes the entry's corresponding Smithsonian site number.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Horizontal Location none none
usebutt DAP analysts were able to select from five options when describing evidence of use or wear on a specimen's butt.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
usebit DAP analysts were able to select from five options when describing evidence of use or wear on a specimen's bit.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
cdept The Anasazi Heritage Center has given each specimen three unique codes, including cdept, to facilitate management of their DAP collections. This value specifies the tool department to which each record belongs.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Lookup : Code none none
sstype The special specimen type indicates whether items were recovered as isolated finds, or while processing samples such as bulk soil collections.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Lookup : Code none none
pl The point location variable is a subdivision of the field specimen number that denotes an item or group of items of a significant type and/or context.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Context none none
caccnid The Anasazi Heritage Center has given each specimen three unique codes, including caccnid, to facilitate management of their DAP collections. The first digits of this value indicate the year that it was accessioned.
DOUBLE  Uncoded Value Lookup : Code none none
blan DAP analysts were able to select from 25 options when describing the blank type of each specimen. This variable describes the natural form of the stone before it was selected for use and provide some indication of the basic modification technique used to produce the tool's final form.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
bitlen This variable indicates the length in millimeters of each tool's bit.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
bitdis This variable indicates the distance in millimeters between a tool's haft and bit.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
ssnum The special specimen number values are assigned sequentially within each site to indicate items recovered as isolated finds, or while processing samples such as bulk soil collections.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Lookup : Code none none
prodbit DAP analysts were able to select from six options when describing the techniques used to produce a tool's bit. An identical set of options was available for describing the butt of each hafted specimen.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none

Keywords


Spatial Coverage

min long: -108.59; min lat: 37.47 ; max long: -108.5; max lat: 37.57 ;

Source Collections

DAP collections are curated at the Anasazi Heritage Center, Dolores, CO.

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
dap-haft10.csv 116.80kb Jul 30, 2012 2:48:28 PM Public
Translated version dap-haft10_translated.xls (306.00kb)
Data column(s) in this dataset have been associated with coding sheet(s) and translated:
Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America