Preliminary Cultural Resource Assessment Survey of the Avon Park Air Force Range, Polk and Highlands Counties, Florida

Author(s): Robert J. Austin; Jacquelyn G. Piper

Year: 1986


A preliminary cultural resource assessment survey was conducted of the 106,210 acre Avon Park Air Force Range (APAFR) in Polk and Highlands Counties, Florida. The purpose of the survey was to provide base level data on the types, distribution, and potential significance of archaeological and historic period sites located on the APAFR. An extensive literature search and a systematic field survey were conducted by Piper Archaeological Research, Inc. A total of 37 archaeological sites were located and recorded. The sites range in date from the Paleo-Indian period (ca., 10,000-6500 B.C.) to the first two decades of the 20th century and include prehistoric dirt and shell middens, lithic and sherd scatters, and a possible sand mound, as well as two Third Seminole War fort sites, historic period homesteads, turpentine camps, and cattle camps and facilities. Nine of these sites have been assessed as potentially significant and are, therefore, potentially "'- eligible for nomination to the National Register of Historic Places. A preliminary archaeological sensitivity map was developed as a planning tool to aid the Air Force in managing their cultural resources. Prehistoric and historic period sites were most often found to be associated with oak hammock and sand pine/oak scrub communities within 400 meters (1312 feet) of fresh water or a fresh water marsh/swamp.

Some of the information in this tDAR metadata record was migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. In 2013, Digital Antiquity curators, working for the USAF obtained a digital copy of the report and added to the metadata in the record and uploaded the digital file of the report. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded.

Cite this Record

Preliminary Cultural Resource Assessment Survey of the Avon Park Air Force Range, Polk and Highlands Counties, Florida. Robert J. Austin, Jacquelyn G. Piper. St. Petersburg, Florida: Piper Archaeological Research, Inc. 1986 ( tDAR id: 107391) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8862H95


Archaic Belle Glade Culture Early 20th Century Euroamerican Historic Late Paleoindian Middle Archaic PaleoIndian Third Seminole War

Building Materials Ceramic Chipped Stone Fauna Glass Metal Shell Wood

Site Name
8HG15 8HG18 8HG20 8HG22 8HG23 8HG24 8HG25 8HG26 8HG27 8HG28 8HG29 8HG30 8HG31 8HG32 8HG33 8HG34 8HG35 8HG36 8HG37 8PO1000 8PO1001 8PO1002 8PO1004 8PO1005 8PO1006 8PO993 8PO994 8PO995 8PO996 8PO997 8PO998 8PO999 Air Force Mound Albritton Homestead Arnold Homestead Big Mound Site Boney Homestead Bravo Range Turpentine Camp Davis Homestead Dead Cow Site Dinky Midden Dragline Site Flatwood Hill Fort Arbuckle Baptist Church Fort Arbuckle Site Fort Kissimmee Gaging Station Site Grassy Lake Homestead Herty Cup Site Keene Homestead Little Lake Site Morgan Hole Creek Site Morgan Homestead Nalaka Turpentine Camp Olson Site Rifle Range Road Homestead River Road Site Sandy Hill Homestead Sandy Hill Turpentine Camp Smith Grade Cow Pens Split Creek Cattle Camp Submarine Lake The Orange Hammock Site Thomas Homestead Show More

Site Type
Agricultural Field or Field Feature Agricultural or Herding Archaeological Feature Artifact Scatter Cow pens Domestic Structure or Architectural Complex Homestead Isolated Artifact Midden Resource Extraction / Production / Transportation Structure or Features Trash Midden Turpentine Camp Water Control Feature Water-Related

Spatial Coverage

min long: -82.106; min lat: 27.032 ; max long: -80.942; max lat: 28.362 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Avon Park Air Force Range

Principal Investigator(s): Robert J. Austin

Landowner(s): United States Air Force

Sponsor(s): United States Air Force Air Combat Command; State, County, and Local Government; USFS

Repository(s): Avon Park Air Force Range

Prepared By(s): Piper Archaeological Research, Inc.; Bureau of Archaeological Research

Submitted To(s): Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc.; Avon Park Air Force Range

Record Identifiers

Subcontract No.(s): 11X-28644V

Avon Park Air Force Range Report No.(s): AP0003

NADB document id number(s): 353434

Task(s): IV; III

NADB citation id number(s): 000000048179


General Note: Sent from: Bureau of Archaeological Research

General Note: Submitted to: USFS

Redaction Note: If you would like access to the full document, you may request it from Avon Park CRM: Kathy Courturier; email:; phone: (863) 452-4288

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
1986_prelim-cultural-resource-survey-apafr.pdf 15.68mb Jun 6, 2013 3:51:34 PM Confidential
1986_prelim-cultural-resource-survey-apafr_redacted.pdf 17.43mb Oct 24, 2013 11:46:59 AM Public
This document is redacted. USAF archaeologists and officials have determined that some of the information in the full document should be considered confidential and have limited distribution. If you would like access to the full document, you may contact and request access from Avon Park CRM: Kathy Courturier (863) 452-4288

Accessing Restricted Files

At least one of the files for this resource is restricted from public view. For more information regarding access to these files, please reference the contact information below

Contact(s): Avon Park Air Force Range