Hecla I: A Preliminary Report on the Archaeological Investigations at the Lakeshore Project, Papago Reservation, South Central Arizona


Late in 1971, the Department of Anthropology at Arizona State University was contacted by the Hecla Mining Company regarding impending construction of plant facilities at the Lakeshore Mine Project. The latter operation is located 28 miles southwest of Casa Grande, Arizona.

The existence of many archaeological remains within the construction zone was known as a result of surveys conducted by Mr. Garland Gordon of the Arizona Archaeological Center, National Park Service, Tuscon. Investigations by Gordon revealed 147 concentrations of prehistoric and historic materials; many of these loci merited further research in terms of mapping, photography, controlled surface collections, and/or excavation.

The primary goal of the Arizona State University investigations was to survey and salvage the remains previously encountered by the National Park Service and to incorporate other remains which may have been missed. That portion of Papagueria in which the Hecla Mining Company is operating is a little-known region in terms of prehistory.

Most of what is known for the region must be extrapolated from Haury's (1950) work at Ventana Cave southwest of the Lakeshore Project. Thus, the investigations were in a position to provide knowledge about unknown periods of the archeological record in the northeastern portion of the Papagueria. In addition to historical problems, little has been written concerning the cultural aspects of prehistoric dwellers in this region, especially with regard to prehistoric lifeways. There has been little detrimental modern impact on the environment of this part of the Papago Reservation and the potential for reconstruction of aboriginal settlement and subsistence patterns is excellent. Thus, a contribution could be made by investigating both culture history and settlement-subsistence problems.

Cite this Record

Hecla I: A Preliminary Report on the Archaeological Investigations at the Lakeshore Project, Papago Reservation, South Central Arizona. Albert C. Goodyear, III, Alfred E. Dittert, Jr.. 1973 ( tDAR id: 191200) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8191200

Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 300 to 1400 (Dating for site AZ AA:5:4 based off of both ceramic analysis and radiocarbon dating)

Spatial Coverage

min long: -111.929; min lat: 32.506 ; max long: -111.878; max lat: 32.536 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Salt River Project Cultural Resource Manager

Contributor(s): L. Mark Raab; Betsy Zeligs

Field Director(s): Albert C. Goodyear

Principal Investigator(s): Alfred E. Dittert, Jr.

Sponsor(s): Hecla Mining Company, Casa Grande, AZ

Prepared By(s): Arizona State University (ASU)

Record Identifiers

NADB document id number(s): 1000359

SRP Library Barcode No.(s): 00030942

NADB citation id number(s): 000000012352

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
1973_GoodyearDittert_Heclal_OCR_PDFA_Redacted.pdf 31.36mb Mar 18, 2020 1:27:52 PM Public
This document is redacted.
1973_GoodyearDittert_Heclal_OCR_PDFA.pdf 31.53mb Jul 1, 1973 Mar 27, 2017 11:25:59 AM Confidential

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Contact(s): Salt River Project Cultural Resource Manager