The Lower Zuni River Archaeological District National Register Nomination
Part of the Ojo Bonito Archaeological Project (OBAP) project
The Lower Zuni River Archaeological District is located approximately 39 km (24 miles) northeast of St. Johns, Arizona where the Zuni River crosses the Arizona-New Mexico state line (Figures 1 and 2). Within this district are 89 archaeological sites that represent extensive prehistoric occupation of the area between about A.D. 800 and A.D. 1175, and historic use and occupation dating from the 1880s.
A wide range of prehistoric site types are represented. Several ceramic and lithic scatters, some indicating pithouse occupations, represent the first datable use of the District. Sandstone rubble with associated midden (dense artifact) deposits reveals the initial use of above-ground masonry. Clearly defined unit-pueblo habitations ("roomblocks") are abundant. Prehistoric petroglyphs and pictographs, and historic inscriptions line the sandstone cliffs that border the Zuni River.
The sites within the District provide an important opportunity to investigate prehistoric community formation through analysis of settlement patterns. The prehistoric occupation culminates in the formation, between A.D. 1050 and 1175, of a dispersed community composed of approximately 16 roomblocks. After this time, there is no evidence of occupation within the district until the historic period (ca. 1880). Adjacent properties contain high densities of post-A.D. 1175 occupation, representing a continuity of community evolution within the region.
This Resource is Part of the Following Collections
Cite this Record
The Lower Zuni River Archaeological District National Register Nomination. Andrew Duff, Keith Kintigh. 1993 ( tDAR id: 368807) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8DV1H72
Agricultural Field or Field Feature • Agricultural or Herding • Ancient Communal / Public Structure • Ancient Earthwork • Archaeological Feature • Artifact Scatter • Cairn • Communal / Public Structure • Corral • Domestic Structure or Architectural Complex • Domestic Structures • Encampment • Fence • Great House / Big House • Hamlet / Village • Hearth • Isolated Artifact • Kiva / Great Kiva • Midden • Milling Bin • Milling Feature • Mound / Earthwork • Non-Domestic Structures • Petroglyph • Pictograph • Pit • Pit House / Earth Lodge • Plaza • Quarry • Refuse Pit • Resource Extraction / Production / Transportation Structure or Features • Road • Road, Trail, and Related Structures or Features • Rock Alignment • Rock Art • Rock Shelter • Room Block / Compound / Pueblo • Settlements • Sheet Midden • Terrace • Town / City • Trash Midden • Water Control Feature
min long: -109.229; min lat: 34.701 ; max long: -108.932; max lat: 34.899 ;
Individual & Institutional Roles
Contact(s): Keith Kintigh
Prepared By(s): Arizona State University Student
Submitted To(s): Arizona State Historic Preservation Office
National Register of Historic Places (s): 94000398
General Note: File contains text only, no figures.
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