The Lower Zuni River Archaeological District National Register Nomination

Author(s): Andrew Duff; Keith Kintigh

Year: 1993


The Lower Zuni River Archaeological District is located approximately 39 km (24 miles) northeast of St. Johns, Arizona where the Zuni River crosses the Arizona-New Mexico state line (Figures 1 and 2). Within this district are 89 archaeological sites that represent extensive prehistoric occupation of the area between about A.D. 800 and A.D. 1175, and historic use and occupation dating from the 1880s.

A wide range of prehistoric site types are represented. Several ceramic and lithic scatters, some indicating pithouse occupations, represent the first datable use of the District. Sandstone rubble with associated midden (dense artifact) deposits reveals the initial use of above-ground masonry. Clearly defined unit-pueblo habitations ("roomblocks") are abundant. Prehistoric petroglyphs and pictographs, and historic inscriptions line the sandstone cliffs that border the Zuni River.

The sites within the District provide an important opportunity to investigate prehistoric community formation through analysis of settlement patterns. The prehistoric occupation culminates in the formation, between A.D. 1050 and 1175, of a dispersed community composed of approximately 16 roomblocks. After this time, there is no evidence of occupation within the district until the historic period (ca. 1880). Adjacent properties contain high densities of post-A.D. 1175 occupation, representing a continuity of community evolution within the region.

Cite this Record

The Lower Zuni River Archaeological District National Register Nomination. Andrew Duff, Keith Kintigh. 1993 ( tDAR id: 368807) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8DV1H72

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections


Spatial Coverage

min long: -109.229; min lat: 34.701 ; max long: -108.932; max lat: 34.899 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Keith Kintigh

Prepared By(s): Arizona State University Student

Submitted To(s): Arizona State Historic Preservation Office

Record Identifiers

National Register of Historic Places (s): 94000398


General Note: File contains text only, no figures.

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