The Roosevelt Community Development Study, Number 13, Volume 1: Introduction and Small Sites
Part of the Roosevelt Community Development Study-Center for Desert Archaeology project
The Roosevelt Community Development Study (RCD) was one of three data recovery mitigative studies that the Bureau of Reclamation funded to investigate the prehistory of the Tonto Basin in the vicinity of Theodore Roosevelt Dam. The series of investigations constituted Reclamation's program for complying with historic preservation legislation as it applied to the raising and modification of Theodore Roosevelt Dam. Reclamation contracted with Desert Archaeology, Inc. to complete the research for this investigation.
The RCD study involved involved the testing and excavation of 27 sites in a four-mile continuous area along the north bank of the Salt River, in the lower Tonto Basin of central Arizona.The Center for Desert Archaeology's Anthropological Papers No. 13 consists of two report volumes that present project background and provide descriptive information on the excavation and testing of sites in the project area. These reports include site and feature descriptions, site and feature maps, general artifact data, and preliminary interpretations of the individual sites.
Volume 1: Introduction and Small Sites (Anthroplogical Papers No. 13) presents project background and provides descriptive information on the excavation and testing of the small sites in the project area. Volume 2 describes work at the larger sites of Meddler Point, Griffin Wash, and Pyramid Point.
Sites within the project area exhibited a great range of functional, temporal, and likely cultural diversity. These include two sites with platform mounds (the Meddler Point and Pyramid Point sites), a 100-room masonry pueblo (the Griffin Wash site), smaller masonry compounds (e.g., the Porcupine site), and pithouse hamlets and farmsteads (e.g., the Hedge Apple and Eagle Ridge sites). Temporal components ranged from the Early Ceramic Horizon (A.D. 100-600) at Locus B of the Eagle Ridge site through the Roosevelt phase (A.D. 1250-1350) of the Classic period. The Early Ceramic component of the Eagle Ridge site is now the earliest documented ceramic period site in the Tonto Basin, and it provides definitive evidence for an indigenous pre-Hohokam population. The project area was the most intensively inhabited during the Roosevelt phase, when platform mounds, large pueblos, and small masonry compounds were occupied. It was largely abandoned by A.D. 1325, prior to the large-scale aggregation that occurred during the Gila phase; very few Gila Polychrome sherds were recovered from project area sites.
This Resource is Part of the Following Collections
- Theodore Roosevelt Dam: Roosevelt Community Development Study •
- Theodore Roosevelt Dam and Lake Roosevelt •
- Roosevelt Community Development Study-Center for Desert Archaeology •
- Theodore Roosevelt Dam Archaeological Project •
- Center for Archaeology & Society
Cite this Record
The Roosevelt Community Development Study, Number 13, Volume 1: Introduction and Small Sites. Mark D. Elson, Deborah L. Swartz. Anthropological Papers ,13. Tucson, Arizona: Center for Desert Archaeology. 1994 ( tDAR id: 378205) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8QJ7J5W
AR-03-12-06-1001(USFS) • AR-03-12-06-1002(USFS) • AR-03-12-06-1045(USFS) • AR-03-12-06-1537(USFS) • AR-03-12-06-1538(USFS) • AR-03-12-06-1539(USFS) • AR-03-12-06-1540(USFS) • AR-03-12-06-1541(USFS) • AR-03-12-06-1542(USFS) • AR-03-12-06-1543(USFS) • AR-03-12-06-1544(USFS) • AR-03-12-06-1545(USFS) • AR-03-12-06-1547(USFS) • AR-03-12-06-1548(USFS) • AR-03-12-06-1605(USFS) • AR-03-12-06-1606(USFS) • AR-03-12-06-192(USFS) • AR-03-12-06-193(USFS) • AR-03-12-06-2029(USFS) • AR-03-12-06-2041(USFS) • AR-03-12-06-2088(USFS) • AR-03-12-06-217(USFS) • AR-03-12-06-25(USFS) • AR-03-12-06-26(USFS) • AR-03-12-06-29(USFS) • AR-03-12-06-96(USFS) • AZ V:5:1(ASM) • AZ V:5:100(ASM) • AZ V:5:101(ASM) • AZ V:5:103(ASM) • AZ V:5:104(ASM) • AZ V:5:105(ASM) • AZ V:5:106(ASM) • AZ V:5:107(ASM) • AZ V:5:110(ASM) • AZ V:5:122(ASM) • AZ V:5:123(ASM) • AZ V:5:131(ASM) • AZ V:5:176(ASM) • AZ V:5:177(ASM) • AZ V:5:178(ASM) • AZ V:5:189(ASM) • AZ V:5:4(ASM) • AZ V:5:90(ASM) • AZ V:5:91(ASM) • AZ V:5:92(ASM) • AZ V:5:93(ASM) • AZ V:5:94(ASM) • AZ V:5:95(ASM) • AZ V:5:96(ASM) • AZ V:5:97(ASM) • AZ V:5:98(ASM) • AZ V:5:99(ASM) • Eagle Ridge • Griffin Wash • Hedge Apple • Las Manos • Meddler Point • Porcupine • Pyramid Point
Archaeological Feature • Domestic Structure or Architectural Complex • Domestic Structures • Funerary and Burial Structures or Features • Hamlet / Village • Hearth • Midden • Pit • Pit House / Earth Lodge • Platform Mound • Room Block / Compound / Pueblo • Settlements
Ash Creek Phase • Colonial Period • Early Ceramic Horizon • Gila Butte Phase • Gila Phase • Hohokam Classic period • Hohokam pre-Classic period • Miami Phase • Roosevelt Phase • Sacaton Phase • Sedentary Period
Calendar Date: 100 to 1350
min long: -111.013; min lat: 33.619 ; max long: -110.926; max lat: 33.674 ;
Individual & Institutional Roles
Contact(s): Phoenix Area Office, Bureau of Reclamation
Principal Investigator(s): William Doelle
Landowner(s): US Forest Service, Tonto National Forest
Sponsor(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office
Permitting Agency(s): US Forest Service, Tonto National Forest
Repository(s): Archaeological Research Institute, Arizona State University
Prepared By(s): Center for Desert Archaeology
Submitted To(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Ofice
Bureau of Reclamation Contract No.(s): 1-CS-32-01220
Redaction Note: In the public version of the report: Figure 1.2 has been redacted due to the level of detail it contains about site locations. Detailed site features in Figures 3.1, 3.2, 4.1 and 6.4 have been retained, but geographical information has been redacted.
|Name||Size||Creation Date||Date Uploaded||Access|
|Introduction-and-Small-Sites.pdf||13.20mb||Jul 25, 2017 2:48:04 PM||Confidential|
|Roosevelt--No-12-Research-Design_Redacted.pdf||17.63mb||Jul 25, 2017 2:48:04 PM||Public|
|In the public version of the report: Figure 1.2 has been redacted due to the level of detail it contains about site locations. Detailed site features in Figures 3.1, 3.2, 4.1 and 6.4 have been retained, but geographical information has been redacted.|