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The Archaeology of Schoolhouse Point Mesa, Roosevelt Platform Mound Study: Report on the Schoolhouse Point Mesa Sites, Schoolhouse Management Group, Pinto Creek Complex

Part of the Roosevelt Platform Mound Study project

Author(s): Owen Lindauer

Year: 1997

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Summary

The Roosevelt Platform Mound Study (RPMS) was one of three mitigative data recovery studies that the Bureau of Reclamation funded to investigate the prehistory of the Tonto Basin in the vicinity of Theodore Roosevelt Dam. The series of investigations constituted Reclamation's program for complying with historic preservation legislation as it applied to the raising and modification of Theodore Roosevelt Dam. Reclamation contracted with the Arizona State University Office of Cultural Resource Management (OCRM) to complete the research for this investigation.

The RPMS was an eight year archaeological research project that began in April 1989. It focused on sites of the Salado period, especially on platform mounds and the residential compounds clustered around the mounds. The study examined sites within four archaeological site complexes, created only for project administrative and management purposes. It investigated sites in the Pinto Creek Complex, a group of large and small villages that were part of extensive settlement on the south side of the Salt River. For administrative purposes only, the complex was divided into two groups of sites referred to as "management groups," one east and one west of Pinto Creek wash. Sites to the east are in the Livingston Management Group; those to the west are in the Schoolhouse Management Group.

This report is the eighth volume in the RPMS report series (the Roosevelt Monograph Series) and the sixth volume that serves primarily as a site description report. It discusses all the sites in the Schoolhouse Management Group, except for the Schoolhouse Point Mound (AZ U:8:24[ASM]/AR-0321-06-13a[USFS]). In total, the volume presents 23 site descriptions. It also presents some of the analyses and integrated conclusions that address the project research objectives that Bureau of Reclamation and Tonto National Forest archaeologists outlined in the RPMS research design (Rice 1990a).

Another publication describes the set of sites east of Pinto Creek, in the Livingston Management Group (Jacobs 1994a). A third publication reports on the Schoolhouse Point Mound, AZ U:8:24(ASM)/AR-03-12-0613a(USFS) (Lindauer 1996b), a site west of Pinto Creek that is within the Schoolhouse Management Group and the largest site on Schoolhouse Point Mesa.


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Cite this Record

The Archaeology of Schoolhouse Point Mesa, Roosevelt Platform Mound Study: Report on the Schoolhouse Point Mesa Sites, Schoolhouse Management Group, Pinto Creek Complex, Anthropological Field Series 37. Owen Lindauer. Roosevelt Monograph Series ,8. Tempe, Arizona: Office of Cultural Resource Management, Department of Anthropology, Arizona State University. 1997 ( tDAR id: 380965) ; doi:10.6067/XCV82V2GZ3


Keywords

Culture
Ancestral Puebloan Hohokam Salado

Material
Ceramic Chipped Stone Dating Sample Fauna Ground Stone Human Remains Macrobotanical Pollen Shell Wood

Site Name
AR-03-12-06-11(USFS) AR-03-12-06-12(USFS) AR-03-12-06-13b(USFS) AR-03-12-06-13c(USFS) AR-03-12-06-13d(USFS) AR-03-12-06-13e(USFS) AR-03-12-06-13f(USFS) AR-03-12-06-13g(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1443(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1447(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1453(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1454(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1470(USFS) AR-03-12-06-14a(USFS) AR-03-12-06-14b(USFS) AR-03-12-06-14c(USFS) AR-03-12-06-14d(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1608(USFS) AR-03-12-06-2155(USFS) AR-03-12-06-922(USFS) AR-03-12-06-924(USFS) AR-03-12-06-925(USFS) AR-03-12-06-967(USFS) AZ U:8:105(ASU) AZ U:8:106(ASU) AZ U:8:116(ASU) AZ U:8:117(ASU) AZ U:8:119(ASU) AZ U:8:122(ASU) AZ U:8:152(ASM) AZ U:8:153(ASM) AZ U:8:159(ASM) AZ U:8:194(ASU) AZ U:8:195(ASU) AZ U:8:196(ASU) AZ U:8:197(ASU) AZ U:8:200(ASU) AZ U:8:215(ASU) AZ U:8:24(ASM) AZ U:8:25(ASM) AZ U:8:266(ASU) AZ U:8:276(ASU) AZ U:8:291(ASM) AZ U:8:303(ASM) AZ U:8:304(ASM) AZ U:8:318(ASM) AZ U:8:384(ASM) AZ U:8:385(ASM) AZ U:8:388(ASM) AZ U:8:450(ASM) AZ U:8:451(ASM) AZ U:8:452(ASM) AZ U:8:453(ASM) AZ U:8:454(ASM) AZ U:8:455(ASM) AZ U:8:456(ASM) AZ U:8:457(ASM) AZ U:8:458(ASM) AZ U:8:577(ASM) AZ U:8:77(ASU) AZ U:8:78(ASU) AZ U:8:79(ASU) AZ U:8:96(ASU) AZ U:8:98(ASU) AZ U:8:99(ASU) AZ V:5:126(ASU) AZ V:5:127(ASU) AZ V:5:137(ASM) AZ V:5:138(ASM)

Site Type
Ancient Structure Archaeological Feature Cemetery Domestic Structure or Architectural Complex Domestic Structures Funerary and Burial Structures or Features Hamlet / Village Midden Non-Domestic Structures Pit Platform Mound Plaza Roasting Pit / Oven / Horno Room Block / Compound / Pueblo Settlements Sheet Midden Storage facilities Storage Pit Structure Trash Midden


Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 1200 to 1400 (Radiocarbon, ceramic, and architectural construction data)


Spatial Coverage

min long: -111.02; min lat: 33.625 ; max long: -110.961; max lat: 33.658 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office

Contributor(s): Peter H. McCartney ; Glen Rice ; Arleyn Simon ; Ronna J. Bradley ; Judi L. Cameron ; J. Phil Dering ; Suzanne K. Fish ; Christopher R. Loendorf ; Theodore J. Oliver ; Marcia H. Regan ; Christy G. Turner II ; Shelton Watson

Field Director(s): Glen Rice

Principal Investigator(s): Owen Lindauer ; Charles L. Redman

Project Director(s): Arleyn Simon ; Peter McCartney

Landowner(s): US Forest Service, Tonto National Forest

Sponsor(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office

Permitting Agency(s): US Forest Service, Tonto National Forest

Prepared By(s): Office of Cultural Resource Management, Department of Anthropology, Arizona State University

Submitted To(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office


Record Identifiers

Bureau of Reclamation Contract No.(s): 9-CS-32-06230

Notes

Redaction Note: The following pages have been redacted: 648, 649, 651, 652, 655, 656, 657, 658, 660, 661, and 662.


File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
The-Archaeology-of-Schoolhouse-Point-Mesa-Roosevelt-Monograph-... 80.25mb May 14, 2015 11:07:49 AM Public
Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America