Phase 2 Data Recovery Investigations at AZ T:4:150(ASM), a Multicomponent Hohokam, Yavapai, and Euroamerican Rockshelter Site at Lake Pleasant Regional Park, Yavapai County, Arizona
Editor(s): Robert Stokes
At the request of the Bureau of Reclamation–Phoenix Area Office, ACS conducted Phase 2 data recovery at the Lake Pleasant Rockshelter site (AZ T:4:150[ASM]), Yavapai County, Arizona. Based on the results of Phase 1 investigations conducted at the site (Pinter et al. 2009), Reclamation determined that potentially significant subsurface cultural deposits were present that could provide important new data on prehistoric, protohistoric, and historic Native American and Euroamerican occupation of the general area. The proposed work plan for Phase 2 (Pinter et al. 2009) was accepted by Reclamation, and was implemented in two sessions due to inclement weather and rising lake levels. The first session occurred in January 2010, followed by a hiatus to allow the lake level to drop and the weather to cool; the second and final session occurred in late September 2010.Controlled Phase 2 excavations at AZ T:4:150(ASM) revealed an initial Gila Butte phase (Colonial period) use, with intermittent Hohokam use through at least the early Classic period. Protohistoric through Historic period Yavapai use of the shelter was documented, followed by a final Late Historic period use of indeterminate origin (Yavapai or Euroamerican) primarily during the 1920s–1940s.The evidence suggests this last occupation was by Yavapai people but the nearby Brown Homestead was occupied during this time span as well. The results of Phase 2 data recovery, which completely excavated the interior of the shelter, documented the long history of use of the site and provided substantial new evidence of subsistence and tool use practices among the Yavapai.
Cite this Record
Phase 2 Data Recovery Investigations at AZ T:4:150(ASM), a Multicomponent Hohokam, Yavapai, and Euroamerican Rockshelter Site at Lake Pleasant Regional Park, Yavapai County, Arizona. Robert Stokes. ACS Cultural Resources Report No. ,148. Tempe, Arizona: Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. 2011 ( tDAR id: 391218) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8CJ8FK9
This Resource is Part of the Following Collections
Calendar Date: 600 to 1200
Calendar Date: 1920 to 1940
Calendar Date: 1450 to 1900
min long: -112.264; min lat: 33.95 ; max long: -112.231; max lat: 33.992 ;
Individual & Institutional Roles
Contact(s): Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office
Contributor(s): Jennifer Bower; steven bozarth; Michael Droz; Deborah L. Ferguson; Andrea Gregory; Jessica A. Jensen; Thomas E. Jones; Walter R. Punzmann; Glenn S.L. Stuart; Joanne C. Tactikos; Robert M. Yohe
Sponsor(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office
Prepared By(s): Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd.
Submitted To(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office
BPA No.(s): R10PB32024
ACS Project No.(s): 11-300; 09-305-07
General Services Administration Contract No.(s): GS10F0224P
Redaction Note: Four pages (pg. iii, 3, 5, and 6) have been redacted from the publicly available copy of this report, because they contain sensitive locational information. Please contact the Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office (PXAO) archaeologist to obtain access to these redacted pages.
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