An Archaeological Survey in the Blackwater Area, Volume 1: The History of Human Settlement in the Blackwater Area

Author(s): David A. Gregory; Gary Huckleberry

Year: 1994


The Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation), United States Department of the Interior, was in the initial stages of the Water Management Project designed to bring Central Arizona Project water to the Gila River Indian Community (GRIC). Under terms of a contract signed in 1992 with the GRIC, facilities designed and constructed by Reclamation would deliver 173,000 acre-feet of water annually onto the reservation. Federal law mandates consideration of potential impacts of such projects upon cultural resources and requires that necessary and appropriate steps be taken to mitigate those impacts. In accordance with these laws, Reclamation did a complete inventory of all cultural resources that may fall within the project area.

Data resulting from this inventory provided the basis for assessment of the significance of the resources and for the design of plans to mitigate potential impacts to them. Two survey areas in which a water delivery system and associated features (such as dikes) will be constructed were identified by Reclamation. Broad survey areas were defined so the location of eligible sites would be known before specific project design began.

In total, 180 sites were identified and recorded during survey. These sites include possible Archaic period materials, a wide range of prehistoric Hohokam site types representing all periods of the Hohokam sequence, possible Protohistoric manifestations, and numerous Historic Pima sites of varying ages. The report consists of two volumes. Volume 1 contains background information; consideration of survey and recording methods; analyses, evaluation, and interpretation of collected data; and recommendations for future treatment of discovered sites. Volume 2 contains site descriptions.

Cite this Record

An Archaeological Survey in the Blackwater Area, Volume 1: The History of Human Settlement in the Blackwater Area. David A. Gregory, Gary Huckleberry. Tempe, Arizona: Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. 1994 ( tDAR id: 393850) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8SX6G3R

Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 500 to 1500

Spatial Coverage

min long: -111.712; min lat: 32.998 ; max long: -111.436; max lat: 33.136 ;

Record Identifiers

Bureau of Reclamation Delivery Order No.(s): 3-PD-32-0182-011; 3-PD-32-0182-013

ACS Project No.(s): 93-311; 93-314

Bureau of Reclamation Contract No.(s): 1425-2-CS-32-01820

File Information

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Report_no_86_V1_OCR.pdf 182.76mb May 11, 2015 3:18:17 PM Confidential

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Contact(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office