The Hohokam Expressway Project: A Study of Prehistoric Irrigation in the Salt River Valley, Arizona

Author(s): W. Bruce Masse

Year: 1976


In 1970, and again in 1972, archaeologists from the Highway Salvage Program of the Arizona State Museum intensively surveyed the route of the proposed Hohokam Expressway in Phoenix, Arizona. This expressway was proposed in order to connect Interstate 10 with 44th Street and provide a north-south access route across the Salt River to relieve the traffic congestion caused by periodic flooding of the river (Fig. 1). Because a portion of the proposed right-of-way runs adjacent to Pueblo Grande and the Park of Four Waters, both important prehistoric Hohokam sites listed on the National Register of Historic Places, Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 was observed. A team of archaeologists representing the National Park Service, the Pueblo Grande Museum and a former Hohokam specialist now at a midwestern university spent several days studying the right-of-way alignment. It was their determination that while the possibility of buried resources did exist, historic modification of the land surface by farming did not allow for an adequate assessment of their significance. They recommended that the existing boundaries of the National Register properties not be expanded (as had been earlier proposed) and gave clearance to the Department of Transportation to begin the expressway project.

Cite this Record

The Hohokam Expressway Project: A Study of Prehistoric Irrigation in the Salt River Valley, Arizona. W. Bruce Masse. 1976 ( tDAR id: 425916) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8425916

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections

Spatial Coverage

min long: -112.017; min lat: 33.413 ; max long: -111.927; max lat: 33.476 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Salt River Project Cultural Resource Manager

Contributor(s): Robert E. Gasser; Margaret T. Keller; Diane McLaughlin

Collaborator(s): Arizona Department of Transportation

Repository(s): Salt River Project, Tempe, AZ

Prepared By(s): Arizona State Museum, The University of Arizona

Record Identifiers

Arizona Department of Transportation Project No.(s): M-600-3-601

SRP Catalog No.(s): 3A.049 CAT-5465354654

SRP Library Call No.(s): E99.H68M37 1976

SRP Library Barcode No.(s): 00030940

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
1976_Masse_HohokamExpressway_OCR_PDFA.pdf 66.50mb Sep 1, 1976 Feb 14, 2017 10:06:09 AM Confidential
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Contact(s): Salt River Project Cultural Resource Manager