Archaeological Excavations at Pueblo Blanco: The MCDOT Alma School Road Project, Volume 2

Summary

At the request of the Maricopa County Department of Transportation (MCDOT), archaeological investigations were undertaken prior to a road widening project that involved segments of Alma School, McDowell, and McKellips Roads on the Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community (SRPMIC) in Maricopa County, Arizona. The construction project involved widening Alma School Road from south of McKellips Road to north of McDowell Road. McKellips and McDowell Roads were also widened on both sides of Alma School Road.

Archaeological survey was initiated in 1989. Extensive ground disturbance was present due to agricultural and other activities conducted over the past 100 years. A large Classic period Hohokam village, known as Pueblo Blanco, was located near the project area. Subsurface testing consisting of extensive backhoe trenching and surface collections was undertaken in 1991. Based on the testing program, a data recovery phase was undertaken at five sites between July 26 and October 15, 1993. The fieldwork was concentrated at South Pueblo Blanco (AZ U:9:95(ASM)), but excavations were also conducted at AZ U:9:92, U:9:97, U:9:98, and U:9:128(ASM). In total, 204 features were excavated. Little evidence of Historic period activities was observed.

This is Volume 2 of the MCDOT Alma School Road Project. This volume discusses environment and subsistence studies and synthesis of the project. Subsistence studies included pollen, macrobotanical, and faunal analyses. Environmental studies consisted of geomorphology and analysis of ostracode specimens recovered from canal sediments. Artifact investigations included ceramic and ceramic sourcing studies; ground, chipped stone, and lithic sourcing studies; and marine and freshwater shell studies. Architectural, land use, and community pattern studies are also reported.

Cite this Record

Archaeological Excavations at Pueblo Blanco: The MCDOT Alma School Road Project, Volume 2. David E. Doyel, Andrew T. Black, Barbara S. Macnider. 1995 ( tDAR id: 427807) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8427807

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections

Spatial Coverage

min long: -111.875; min lat: 33.452 ; max long: -111.839; max lat: 33.481 ;

Record Identifiers

Cultural Resources Report No.(s): 90

Project No.(s): 68434-1992-5

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
1995_DoyelBlackMacnider_ArchaeologicalExcavationsVolume2_OCR_P... 145.31mb Oct 1, 1995 Mar 7, 2017 9:15:29 AM Confidential
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Contact(s): Salt River Project Cultural Resource Manager