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Settlement Ecology in the Tula Region of Mesoamerica: A Local Landscape Perspective

Author(s): Mario Castillo ; Patricia Fournier

Year: 2017

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Summary

Based on seminal contributions by Suzy and Paul Fish associated with full-coverage surveys and agave cultivation, this paper explores changes in regional settlement patterns in relation to land-surface morphology in the Tula region in Mesoamerica during the Classic to Postclassic periods (200 CE–1500 CE). Drawing on our field surveys, independent settlement data from the Tula Region, and landform segmentation and classification in Geographic Information Systems (GIS), this paper illustrates that place to place landscape variation provides a more complex picture of changes in regional settlement patterns over time. In addition, to interpret the landscape ecology of settlement patterns, geomorphometric analysis provides an additional tool for assessing potential taphonomic impact on archaeological remains. In this paper we provide preliminary results and discuss how integration of other spatial data sets can provide a more robust framework from interpretation of settlement changes in relation to Mesoamerican’s local landscape ecologies in central Mexico.


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Settlement Ecology in the Tula Region of Mesoamerica: A Local Landscape Perspective. Mario Castillo, Patricia Fournier. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, British Columbia. 2017 ( tDAR id: 430337)


Keywords


Spatial Coverage

min long: -107.271; min lat: 12.383 ; max long: -86.353; max lat: 23.08 ;

Record Identifiers

Abstract Id(s): 15462

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America