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North/South Archaic mobility in Dry Puna. Hunter- Gatherers from upper Azapa valley bassin, northern Chile.

Author(s): Marcela Sepulveda ; Luis Cornejo ; Thibault Saintenoy ; Daniela Osorio ; Luca Sitzia

Year: 2017

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Summary

The different models of hunter-gatherer mobility in South Central Andean area, despite its theoretical and conceptual factors, normally emphasize for the Archaic Period the complementarity between vegetation belt for various biotic resources, depending on availability, location and seasonality. Here we complement such models at a meso-scale level, based upon results from surveys and excavations in upper Azapa valley bassin, a region located at the foothills of the Northern Chile Cordillera. Our dataset includes open air and rockshelter sites and the chronological attributions are based on relative and absolute dating. The characterization of site’s function and the analysis of raw materials allows us to precise a north / south mobility, between the Peruvian southern highlands and Chilean northern ones, between 2,500 and 4,000 meters above seal level. Without excluding direct mobility of these groups to the high Puna to the east or to the Pacific coast to the west, or the acquisition via exchange of raw materials and products of foreign origin, we argue that settlement patterns between ~ 9500-1500 years BP, would correspond to a greater territorial reach over time associated to a significant rock art practice.


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North/South Archaic mobility in Dry Puna. Hunter- Gatherers from upper Azapa valley bassin, northern Chile.. Marcela Sepulveda, Luis Cornejo, Thibault Saintenoy, Daniela Osorio, Luca Sitzia. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, British Columbia. 2017 ( tDAR id: 430343)


Keywords


Spatial Coverage

min long: -93.691; min lat: -56.945 ; max long: -31.113; max lat: 18.48 ;

Record Identifiers

Abstract Id(s): 15042

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America