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An updated GIS-based system for calculating MNE and quantifying bone surface modification frequencies and spatial location on skeletal elements in faunal assemblages

Author(s): Erich Fisher ; Jamie Hodgkins ; Curtis Marean

Year: 2017

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Summary

Zooarchaeology continues to suffer methodological problems in that analysts use methods for calculating skeletal element and surface modification abundance that vary widely, are non-transparent, and almost certainly produce data that is not comparable across analysts. In 2001, Marean, Abe, Nilssen, and Stone presented a method to overcome these problems by using a GIS-based approach to calculate minimum numbers of skeletal elements (MNE) and surface modification frequencies corrected for preserved surface area. That software was designed in ESRI ArcView and has been widely used and cited. Here, we present an improved and expanded version of their methodology that now runs with ESRI ArcGIS 10.x software. This new software package, which will be available freely, is called "Faunalyze 2.1", and it implements the open-sourced Python 3.4 computing language, which is native to ArcGIS geoprocessing. We will also provide an overview of the program architecture as well as a brief example of the software in use.


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Cite this Record

An updated GIS-based system for calculating MNE and quantifying bone surface modification frequencies and spatial location on skeletal elements in faunal assemblages. Erich Fisher, Jamie Hodgkins, Curtis Marean. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, British Columbia. 2017 ( tDAR id: 430391)


Keywords

General
Fauna analysis Gis

Geographic Keywords
AFRICA


Spatial Coverage

min long: -18.809; min lat: -38.823 ; max long: 53.262; max lat: 38.823 ;

Record Identifiers

Abstract Id(s): 16574

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America