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Island, Mainland, and the Space Between: The Role of Geography in Shaping Community Historical Trajectories of 19th and 20th Century Ireland

Author(s): Nicholas Ames ; Meagan Conway

Year: 2017

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Summary

This study looks at the relationship between geographical ‘islandness’ and community formation in Western Ireland. In this paper we investigate to what degree geography shapes the social, economic and political experiences of a community. Furthermore, we examine to what extent these elements of community composition strengthen or diminish their influence on each other. We compare the 19th and 20th century island communities of Inishbofin and Inishark, Co. Galway against the complementary mainland townlands of Streamstown, Co. Galway and the Killary, Co. Mayo. This paper traces the extent to which social dynamics (community constitution and development through time), degree of political engagement (local implementation of regional and national policy), and economic opportunity (types of local industry and extent of trade network) impact development on island communities in relation to these mainland counterparts. Using historical documents, archaeological excavation and survey data, as well as digital mapping, this comparative study shows how communities of similar historical composition, but with varying geographic situations, can result in different social, political, and economic mentalities which ultimately shaped the experience and development of the present day island and mainland communities.


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Island, Mainland, and the Space Between: The Role of Geography in Shaping Community Historical Trajectories of 19th and 20th Century Ireland. Nicholas Ames, Meagan Conway. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, British Columbia. 2017 ( tDAR id: 432069)


Keywords

Geographic Keywords
Europe


Spatial Coverage

min long: -11.074; min lat: 37.44 ; max long: 50.098; max lat: 70.845 ;

Record Identifiers

Abstract Id(s): 16881

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America