The Trico Ironwood Forest National Monument Pole Replacement Project: Cultural Resources Mitigation at Site AZ AA:11:80 (ASM), Pima County, Arizona

Author(s): India S. Hesse

Year: 2004


SWCA Environmental Consultants (SWCA) conducted limited archaeological data recovery at site AZ AA:11:80 (ASM) within the Ironwood Forest National Monument between March 15 and March 18, 2004. The purpose of the work was to mitigate potential adverse effects to the site prior to proposed power line improvements in the area by Trico Electric Cooperative (Trico). Specifically, Trico proposes to replace 39 existing power poles and install 2 new power poles along the existing overhead power line. Although no new or replacement power poles will be located within the boundaries of this site or any other site, the dirt access road that will be used by Trico to access other pole locations within the Monument bisects the site. As a result, the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) recommended limited archaeological data recovery within the power line corridor prior to any modifications of the power line.

Archaeological investigations at AZ AA:11:80(ASM) consisted of site mapping and limited artifact collection and analysis. The data collected indicate that the site contains a significant Archaic period component and a more recent Formative period Hohokam component. Temporally diagnostic artifacts identified included 3 Early Archaic, 11 Middle Archaic, 11 Late Archaic to Early Ceramic, and 2 Hohokam projectile points, as well as a wide-spread, low-density scatter of Hohokam plain ware and red- on-buff ware ceramic sherds. Sixteen features were identified, including 8 fire-cracked rock clusters, 7 rock clusters without obvious thermal characteristics, and 1 possible check dam.

Based on the types of artifacts and features identified, as well as current observations of the local vegetation and geomorphological setting, the site likely functioned as an upper bajada resource procurement and processing campsite that was occupied repeatedly at different times in the prehistoric past.

Cite this Record

The Trico Ironwood Forest National Monument Pole Replacement Project: Cultural Resources Mitigation at Site AZ AA:11:80 (ASM), Pima County, Arizona, 442. India S. Hesse. 2004 ( tDAR id: 445564) ; doi:10.48512/XCV8445564

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections

Spatial Coverage

min long: -111.602; min lat: 32.345 ; max long: -111.311; max lat: 32.533 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): SWCA Environmental Consultants

Contributor(s): Alexa M. Smith

Field Director(s): India S. Hesse

Project Director(s): India S. Hesse

Landowner(s): Bureau of Land Management, Tucson Field Office

Submitted To(s): Trico Electric Cooperative, Inc.

Record Identifiers

Trico Work Order No. (s): 8002201

SWCA Project No.(s): 3740-0049

Bureau of Land Management Cultural Resource Use Permit No.(s): AZ-000267

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
04-442_OCR_PDFA_Redacted.pdf 30.02mb Feb 9, 2021 11:42:51 AM Public
This file is the redacted version of the resource.
04-442_OCR_PDFA.pdf 23.10mb Dec 6, 2004 May 10, 2018 11:32:41 AM Confidential
This file is the unredacted version of the resource.

Accessing Restricted Files

At least one of the files for this resource is restricted from public view. For more information regarding access to these files, please reference the contact information below

Contact(s): SWCA Environmental Consultants

This Resource is Part of the Following User Created Collections