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Investigations at the Historic Mitchelville Site

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Summary

All archaeological grey literature and data relating to the historic Mitcheiville site on Hilton Head Island in Beaufort County in South Carolina within the past 50 years. The information found here is held within the South Carolina Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology and has been deemed accessible and usable for public research.


This Resource is Part of the Following Collections


Cite this Record

Investigations at the Historic Mitchelville Site. ( tDAR id: 390986) ; doi:10.6067/XCV83X882N


Keywords


Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 1861 to 1868 (Union occupation of Hilton Head Island)

Calendar Date: 1865 to 1866 (March Gardner purchased the tract from Thomas Drayton)

Calendar Date: 1912 to 1912 (Court sided with the Gardner family that the Drayton property was purchased by March Gardner in 1865)

Calendar Date: 1514 to 1520 (Spanish exploration of Hilton Head Island and named the area Sant Elena)

Calendar Date: 1526 to 1526 (Spanish efforts at establishing a town on Hilton Head failed)

Calendar Date: 1563 to 1563 (The French fail at establishing a town on Hilton Head named Port Royal)

Calendar Date: 1684 to 1684 (Lord Cardross of Scotland founds Stuart's Town on Port Royal Island)

Calendar Date: 1698 to 1698 (A land grant of 48,000 acres on Port Royal Island is given to John Bayley)

Calendar Date: 1715 to 1715 (The Yamasee war)

Calendar Date: 1717 to 1717 (A land grant is given to John Barnwell for the north western part of Port Royal Island)

Calendar Date: 1798 to 1798 (William Pope inherist both Fish Haul and Coggins plantations)

Calendar Date: 1760 to 1760 (Edward Ellis buys Fish Haul)

Calendar Date: 1862 to 1862 (Construction of the town of Mitcheville begins with U.S. government assistance during Union occupation of Fish Haul plantation)

Calendar Date: 1862 to 1880 (Mitcheville's existence as a town)

Calendar Date: 1880 to 1920 (Mitchelville's continuance as a kinship-based community)

Calendar Date: 1863 to 1864 (Construction of the Union Fort Howell at Mitchelville)


Spatial Coverage

min long: -80.854; min lat: 32.095 ; max long: -80.632; max lat: 32.287 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contributor(s): Brockington and Associates, Inc.

Prepared By(s): The South Carolina Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology, University of South Carolina


Notes

General Note: The town of Mitchelville was a freed slave community created by Union forces during the American Civil War. The town and kinship-based community lasted on the old Fish Haul Plantation grounds from 1862 to the 1920s.


Source Collections

The South Carolina Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology

Resources Inside this Project (Viewing 1-3 of 3)

  • Documents (3)

Documents

  1. Cultural Resources Survey and Testing of the Beach City Place Tract (2008)
  2. Cultural Resources Survey of the Beach City Road Tract (38BU2163, 38BU2164) (2006)
  3. Metal Detector Investigations of the Beach City Place Tract (2008)
Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America