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Phase 1 Eligibility Testing, Data Recovery, and Archival Research along Reaches 1 and 2 of the San Carlos Irrigation Project Rehabilitation, Pinal County, Arizona

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Summary

As authorized under the Arizona Water Settlements Act of 2004, the San Carlos and Irrigation Drainage District (SCIDD) is undertaking a 10-year rehabilitation project of its irrigation system. SCIDD is the non-Indian irrigation component of the San Carlos Irrigation Project (SCIP), which provides irrigation water to the communities of Florence, Coolidge, and Casa Grande in Pinal County, Arizona. Phase 2 of this project includes modification of the canal by widening segments of Reaches 1, 2, and 3 and lining those segments of the canal with concrete.

In 2013, the Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office (Reclamation) directed Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. (ACS) to conduct a Class III inventory of the project alignment and prepare a treatment plan for eligibility testing at two sites (AZ U:15:5[ASM] and AZ U:15:47[ASM]), Phase 1 data recovery at three sites (Florence Ruin/AZ U:15:124[ASM], AZ U:15:663[ASM], and AZ U:15:678[ASM]/AZ U:15:5[ARS]) (Gregory et al. 2014b), and archival research was for three sites (Florence Canal/AZ AA:3:211[ASM]; a wagon road/AZ U:15:665[ASM]; and a historic structure/AZ U:15:666[ASM]). Two sites, AZ AA:3:215(ASM)/Florence-Casa Grande Canal and AZ U:15:676(ASM)/AZ U:15:1(REC), had been previously mitigated. No further work was required for AZ AA:3:215(ASM)/Florence-Casa Grande Canal, but limited boundary testing was recommended within the expanded site boundary of U:15:676(ASM)/AZ U:15:1(REC).

No features were identified at AZ U:15:5(ASM), AZ U:15:47(ASM), Florence Ruin/AZ U:15:124(ASM), or AZ U:15:678(ASM). Seventeen features were identified at AZ U:15:663(ASM) during Phase 1 data recovery. One feature, a cremation, was identified at AZ U:15:676(ASM). Because potentially significant subsurface features were discovered at AZ U:15:663(ASM), a targeted Phase 2 data recovery effort is recommended. In addition, because human remains were identified at AZ U:15:676(ASM), Phase 2 data recovery is recommended, as well as archaeological monitoring during ground disturbing activities associated with the project. At the request of Reclamation, a Phase 2 treatment plan was prepared as part of this document. The results of the archival research associated with the Florence Canal (AZ AA:3:211[ASM]), a wagon road (AZ U:15:665[ASM]), and a historic structure (AZ U:15:666[ASM]), as well as artifact analyses from Phase 1 investigations, are also included in the report.


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Cite this Record

Phase 1 Eligibility Testing, Data Recovery, and Archival Research along Reaches 1 and 2 of the San Carlos Irrigation Project Rehabilitation, Pinal County, Arizona. ( tDAR id: 406056) ; doi:10.6067/XCV86975F4


Keywords


Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 1857 to 1965 (Historic Period)

Calendar Date: 850 to 1150 (Sedentary)

Calendar Date: 950 to 1300 (Sedentary-Classic)


Spatial Coverage

min long: -111.542; min lat: 32.896 ; max long: -111.359; max lat: 33.017 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office, Archaeologist

Contributor(s): Lesley Hudson ; Thomas Jones ; Kerri Bastin ; Zachary Rothwell

Field Director(s): Walter R. Punzmann

Lab Director(s): Alanna Ossa

Principal Investigator(s): Andrea Gregory

Project Director(s): Peg Davis

Landowner(s): San Carlos Irrigation and Drainage District ; Arizona State Prison

Permitting Agency(s): US Bureau of Indian Affairs ; San Carlos Irrigation Project ; Gila River Indian Community ; Hopi Tribe ; Arizona State Land Department

Repository(s): Archaeological Research Institute, Arizona State University

Prepared By(s): Archaeological Consulting Services Ltd.

Submitted To(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office


Record Identifiers

Arizona State Museum Burial Agreement Case(s): 2014-036

Archaeological Resources Protection Act (ARPA) Permit No.(s): 2014/ACS/SCIP/WRO/001a

Arizona Antiquities Act Project Specific Permit No.(s): 2014-098ps

Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. Project No.(s): 13-107

Bureau of Reclamation Contract No.(s): R13PB32022

Resources Inside this Project (Viewing 1-6 of 6)

Documents

  1. Report of Findings for the San Carlos Irrigation and Drainage District Phase 1 Eligibility Testing, Data Recovery, and Archival Research along Reaches 1 and 2 of the San Carlos Irrigation Project Rehabilitation, Pinal County, Arizona: Photo Log and Contact Sheets (2016)
  2. Report of Findings for the San Carlos Irrigation and Drainage District Phase 1 Eligibility Testing, Data Recovery, and Archival Research along Reaches 1 and 2 of the San Carlos Irrigation Project Rehabilitation, Pinal County, Arizona: Report (2016)

Datasets

  1. Report of Findings for the San Carlos Irrigation and Drainage District Phase 1 Eligibility Testing, Data Recovery, and Archival Research along Reaches 1 and 2 of the San Carlos Irrigation Project Rehabilitation, Pinal County, Arizona: Ceramic Analysis Data (2016)
  2. Report of Findings for the San Carlos Irrigation and Drainage District Phase 1 Eligibility Testing, Data Recovery, and Archival Research along Reaches 1 and 2 of the San Carlos Irrigation Project Rehabilitation, Pinal County, Arizona: Faunal Analysis Data (2016)
  3. Report of Findings for the San Carlos Irrigation and Drainage District Phase 1 Eligibility Testing, Data Recovery, and Archival Research along Reaches 1 and 2 of the San Carlos Irrigation Project Rehabilitation, Pinal County, Arizona: Lithic Analysis Data (2016)
  4. Report of Findings for the San Carlos Irrigation and Drainage District Phase 1 Eligibility Testing, Data Recovery, and Archival Research along Reaches 1 and 2 of the San Carlos Irrigation Project Rehabilitation, Pinal County, Arizona: Shell Analysis Data (2016)
Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America