Hohokam Pioneer period (Temporal Keyword)

1-21 (21 Records)

The Ak Chin Farm Project: Archaeological Survey on the Ak Chin Indian Reservation, West Half (1983)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Lauren Jelinek

Between October 1980 and February 1981, Northland Research, Inc. conducted an archaeological survey of undeveloped lands on the west half of the Ak Chin Indian Reservation (Ak Chin Community). In the slightly more than 7,000 acres surveyed, Northland field crews recorded 51 archaeological sites belonging to the prehistoric Hohokam and historic Papago cultures. Test excavations were undertaken at several of these sites, and the results demonstrate conclusively the presence of preserved subsurface...


Ak-Chin Indian Community West Side Farms Data Recovery Project
PROJECT Cory Dale Breternitz. Robert E. Gasser. W. Bruce Masse. USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office.

This project examined the cultural resources of the western half of the Ak Chin Community's lands prior to intensive agricultural development using waters from the Central Arizona Project. The project's research design assumed that Ak Chin had been used as a floodwater farming location for many centuries. The problem domains and research questions focused on the physical {geomorphological), biological, and cultural subsystems within the Ak Chin ecosystem. The investigation also considered the...


Archaeological Survey in Catalina State Park with a Focus on the Romero Ruin (1987)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Mark D. Elson. William H. Doelle.

Catalina State Park is situated approximately 22 km (14 miles) north of Tucson, Arizona. Within this beautiful and pristine desert area lie a large number of relatively undisturbed archaeological sites. The park has witnessed a long and varied history. Sometime after 5000 B.C. Archaic period hunters and gatherers first roamed through the park area in their search for game and edible plants. During the following Hohokam period the park area was intensively occupied. A wide range of sites are...


Archaeological Survey on the Ak Chin Indian Reservation, West Half
PROJECT William S. Marmaduke. USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office.

Between October 1980 and February 1981, Northland Research, Inc. conducted an archaeological survey of undeveloped lands on the west half of the Ak Chin Indian Reservation (Ak Chin Community). In the slightly more than 7,000 acres surveyed, Northland field crews recorded 51 archaeological sites belonging to the prehistoric Hohokam and historic Papago cultures. Test excavations were undertaken at several of these sites, and the results demonstrate conclusively the presence of preserved subsurface...


Archaeology of the Ak Chin Indian Community West Side Farms Project: Material Cultural and Human Remains (1990)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Lauren Jelinek

This volume presents the artifactual and osteological remains recovered from the project area. This volume comprises five chapters, including analyses of shell artifacts, prehistoric and protohistoric ceramic artifacts, worked ceramic artifacts, chipped and ground stone, and an examination and interpretation of the human osteological material and mortuary practices.


Archaeology of the Ak Chin Indian Community West Side Farms Project: Subsistence Studies and Synthesis and Interpretation (1990)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Lauren Jelinek

This volume contains subsistence information derived from the Ak.-Chin Archaeological Project sites, and a synthesis and interpretation of the various data. It is divided into two sections: Subsistence Studies and Synthesis. Four chapters provide the results of macrobotanical studies, pollen analysis, faunal analysis, and a synthesis of the subsistence studies. The Synthesis section includes two chapters. The first is an examination of the protohistoric Ak-Chin people; the second chapter places...


Archaeology of the Ak Chin Indian Community West Side Farms Project: The Archaeological Data Recovery Program (1990)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Lauren Jelinek

This volume contains descriptive data for the major Hohokam, protohistoric, and historic sites investigated during the Ak Chin Farms Data Recovery project. It contains six chapters. It includes a chronological review of settlement patterns for the Ak-Chin area, in-depth reports on sites Va-Pak (AZ T:16:85 [ASM]), Beeth Ha-ha-a (AZ T:16:83n5 [ASM]), Watch Frog (AZ T:16:16 [ASM]), and Whimsy Flat (AZ T:16:71 [ASM]), as well as an examination of the historic period sites in the projket area. The...


Archaeology of the Ak Chin Indian Community West Side Farms Project: The Land and the People (1990)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Robert E. Gasser. Christine K. Robinson. Cory Dale Breternitz. Soil Systems, Inc..

This volume presents an overview of the project area through environmental, geomorpological, and historical studies. The chapters contained herein represent only one aspect of the Ak-Chin Archaeological Project, which involved data recovery at 31 prehistoric, protohistoric, and historic sites. Four other volumes in the series provide the research design, reports on the sites studied, interpretations of the material culture and human remains from the sites, subsistence information derived from...


The CityScape Project: Archaeological Investigations of Pueblo Patricio and Block 22 in the Original Phoenix Townsite Phoenix, Maricopa County, Arizona (2012)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Karen R. Adams. Steven Bozarth. Regina Chapin-Pyritz. Scott Courtright. Emily Graff. Gary Huckleberry. Cara Lonardo. John Rapp. Greta Rayle. Susan Smith. Mary-Ellen Walsh. Robert Yohe. Mark R. Hackbarth.

Final report of testing and data recovery excavations within Block 22 of the original City of Phoenix Townsite in compliance with the Arizona Antiquities Act under Section 802(A.1) of the City of Phoenix's Historic Preservation Ordinance. Testing determined that significant cultural resources—prehistoric and historic features and cultural deposits—did exist below the asphalt-capped parking lot operated by the City of Phoenix Central Parking System and resulted in the westward expansion of the...


Cultural Resources Survey of the Salt River Project Canals, Maricopa County, Arizona (1998)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Lourdes Aguila.

At the request of the Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office, Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. (ACS) conducted a Class III (Intensive), non-collection cultural resources survey of approximately 170 miles of the Arizona, Arizona Crosscut, Grand, Tempe, Tempe Crosscut, Consolidated, Eastern, South, Western, Highline, and Kyrene Branch Canals in Maricopa County, Arizona. The canals, which are owned by the Reclamation, are maintained and operated by the Salt River Project (SRP). The...


Cultural Resources Survey of the Salt River Project Canals, Maricopa County, Arizona, Revised (1998)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Lourdes Aguila.

Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. (ACS) conducted a Class III (Intensive), non-collection cultural resources survey on approximately 170 miles of the Arizona, Arizona Crosscut, Grand, Tempe, Tempe Crosscut, Consolidated, Eastern, South, Western, Highline, and Kyrene Branch Canals in Maricopa County, Arizona. The survey was undertaken at the request of Jon S. Czaplicki, U.S. Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation) archaeologist and Contracting Officer's Technical Representative for Contract...


Hohokam Settlement Along the Slopes of the Picacho Mountains: The Picacho Area Sites (1987)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Lauren Jelinek

The third volume in the Tucson Aqueduct, Hohokam Studies Project presents the results of field investigations of sites in Reach 2 of the Tucson Aqueduct, Phase A project area. These investigations were directed towards both intensive and low level testing of a wide variety of sites in the area south of the Picacho Mountains and north of Red Rock, Arizona. Also reported are the results of on-call surveys of several areas outside of the aqueduct right-of-way. Investigations focused on portions of...


The Lower Verde Archaeological Project
PROJECT Jeffrey A. Homburg. Richard Ciolek-Torrello. Jeffrey H. Altschul. Stephanie M. Whittlesey. Steven D. Shelley. USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office.

The Lower Verde Archaeological Project (LVAP) was a four-year data recovery project conducted by Statistical Research, Inc. (SRI) in the lower Verde River region of central Arizona. The project was designed to mitigate any adverse effects to cultural resources from modifications to Horseshoe and Bartlett Dams. The Department of the Interior, Bureau of Reclamation, Arizona Project’s Office sponsored the research program in compliance with historic preservation legislation. The LVAP’s...


Prehistoric Agricultural Activities on the Lehi-Mesa Terrace: Excavations at La Cuenca del Sedimento (1989)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: adam brin

This study is the first of two volumes that describe the results of archaeological investigations undertaken within the Tempe Section of the Outer Loop Freeway system. This work was funded by the Arizona Department of Transportation and conducted under Contract 86-102. Three sites were investigated as part of this project, including La Cuenca del Sedimento, a farmstead/fieldhouse site, and AZ U:9:69(ASM) and AZ U:9:71(ASM). All three sites were crossed by portions of the Las Acequias-Los Muertos...


A Preliminary Report of Archaeological Sites Found Along the All American Pipeline Right-of-Way Between Oracle, Arizona and a Point 145 Miles to the West (1985)
DOCUMENT Full-Text David G. Batcho.

Between March 5th and April 20th, 1985, archaeologists from the Cultural Resources Management Division of New Mexico State University (NMSU) conducted an archaeological clearance survey of all lands along the proposed right-of-way of the All American Pipeline Project (AAPL) between Highway 77 near Oracle, Arizona to a point 145 miles to the west. The survey was directed by David G. Batcho; Judy Brunson was field supervisor. Field crew size varied between 4 and 8 persons. This survey was carried...


Pueblo Grande Site Map, with Spatial Unit Numbers and Well-Defined Cultural Features/Areas (2012)
IMAGE M Scott Thompson. Colleen Winchell.

This composite map depicts the entirety of Pueblo Grande (AZ U:9:1(ASM)) in Phoenix, AZ. The map shows the locations of the spatial units that SSI and other cultural resource firms defined to bound their archaeological projects and associated cultural features. In addition, the map displays the locations of well-defined prehistoric cultural features (platform mound, ballcourt, compounds) and areas (habitation areas, burial groups) within the known site boundaries. Finally, the map depicts modern...


Tucson Aqueduct Project Phase A
PROJECT Donald E. Weaver, Jr.. Donald E. Weaver, Jr.. USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office.

Reaches 1 and 2 of the Tucson Aqueduct portion of the Central Arizona Project extend from the terminus of the Salt-Gila Aqueduct just east of Picacho Reservoir (12 km southeast of Coolidge) south along the western flanks of the Picacho Mountains, east along the southern flanks of the Picacho Mountains through Picacho Pass, and then south to the vicinity of Red Rock. A Class III archaeological survey of the aqueduct corridor and associated areas was conducted by Arizona State Museum...


Vanishing River Volume 1: Part 1, Scorpion Point Village: Chapters 1 - 4 (1997)
DOCUMENT Full-Text WIlliam L. Deaver.

The Scorpion Point site is located on a remnant of a Pleistocene terrace about 37 m above the Verde River. Researchers began the fieldwork expecting to find no more than a dozen pit houses representing a few small pre-Classic period farmsteads scattered along the terrace above the Verde River. Instead, they found the remains of a ball court village with at least 50, and perhaps as many as 300, pit houses. At the conclusion of fieldwork at Scorpion Point Village, archaeologists with the Lower...


Vanishing River Volume 1: Part 2, Other Pre-Classic Sites in the LVAP Study Area: Chapters 5 - 6 (1997)
DOCUMENT Full-Text WIlliam L. Deaver. Robert B. Neily. Robert P. Jones. Steven D. Shelley.

Volume 1, Part 2 summarizes archaeological data recovery and results of work at four sites (CTC, Two Farms, Middendrum, and Dam View) located in area south of Bartlett Dam along the lower Verde River. Originally, the research plan outlined a testing program for a sample of seven sites in the area. Flooding and associated erosion along the Verde River during the field season made it almost impossible to support excavation crews at the small sites situated on narrow remnants of terraces on the...


Vanishing River Volume 4: Chapter 10: Temporal Variation in Undecorated Pottery: A Tool for Chronology Building (1997)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Barbara Montgomery. Stephanie M. Whittlesey.

Chapter 10 presents results from a ceramic seriation of undecorated pottery to identify temporally-sensitive attributes. Montogomery and Whittlesey describe their analysis of particular undecorated pottery attributes, which were selected based on their potential sensitivity to temporal change. They identify several attributes that are particularly sensitive to time: temper, slip, and polish. They also note several other variables that display slight variation through time. These authors propose...


Vanishing River Volume 4: Chapter 12: Chronological Issues of the LVAP (1997)
DOCUMENT Full-Text WIlliam L. Deaver.

In Chapter 12, Deaver summarizes research on the chronology of archaeological sites, features, and material remains in the LVAP project area. He begins with a synthetic discussion of the chronologic sequence in the Verde Valley area. He then presents data for the chronologic assignment of archaeological features and sites investigated during the LVAP. Next, Deaver discusses a comparison of the chronologic sequence in the Verde Valley to the sequence in the Hohokam core area in order to evaluate...