Cultural Resources Survey of the Salt River Project Canals, Maricopa County, Arizona, Revised

Author(s): Lourdes Aguila

Year: 1998


Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. (ACS) conducted a Class III (Intensive), non-collection cultural resources survey on approximately 170 miles of the Arizona, Arizona Crosscut, Grand, Tempe, Tempe Crosscut, Consolidated, Eastern, South, Western, Highline, and Kyrene Branch Canals in Maricopa County, Arizona. The survey was undertaken at the request of Jon S. Czaplicki, U.S. Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation) archaeologist and Contracting Officer's Technical Representative for Contract No.1425-2-CS-01820. The canals, which are owned by the federal government, are under the jurisdiction of Reclamation and are maintained and operated by the Salt River Project (SRP). The survey was performed to provide an inventory and assessment of cultural resources located within or immediately adjacent to the canals' right-of-way which may be impacted by future development.

The work was conducted under authorization from the SRP and Reclamation. A portion of the Arizona Canal right-of-way from Granite Reef Dam to Pima Road is situated within the Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community (SRPMIC) and was surveyed under SRPMIC Archaeological Permit dated October 29, 1996. A portion on the northern side of the South Canal right-of-way from Granite Reef Dam to the branch with the Eastern Canal was surveyed under SRPMIC Archaeological Permit dated November 12, 1996. Letter authorization from Barry W. Welch, acting Area Director of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) dated November 15,1996, granted permission to conduct non-collection survey on tribal lands under the Federal Archaeological Resources Protection Act (ARPA). The southernmost 4 miles of the Eastern Canal are under the jurisdiction of the Roosevelt Water Control District (RWCD) and were surveyed under a verbal authorization from Mr. Joe Nykas, RWCD field superintendent.

The survey located 21 prehistoric sites, 2 historic properties, 1 possible prehistoric canal segment, 2 historic canal segments,and 59 isolated occurrences. Of the sites, 19 were previously recorded.

Cite this Record

Cultural Resources Survey of the Salt River Project Canals, Maricopa County, Arizona, Revised. Lourdes Aguila. 1998 ( tDAR id: 439834) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8439834

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections


Historic Hohokam

Ceramic Chipped Stone Fire Cracked Rock Ground Stone Shell

Site Name
Alta Vista Arizona Canal Arizona Crosscut Canal AZ T:12:14(ASU) AZ T:12:16 (ASU) AZ T:12:24(ASU) AZ T:12:32(ASM) AZ U:10:1(ASU) AZ U:10:14(ASU) AZ U:10:2(ASU) AZ U:10:22(ASU) AZ U:10:4(ASU) AZ U:9:1(ASM) AZ U:9:116(ASM) AZ U:9:174(ASM) AZ U:9:24(PG) AZ U:9:25(ASM) AZ U:9:25(PG) AZ U:9:44(ASU) AZ U:9:48(ASM) AZ U:9:48(ASU) AZ U:9:49(ASM) AZ U:9:67(ASM) AZ U:9:71(ASU) AZ U:9:72(ASM) BOR-SRP96-1 BOR-SRP96-2 BOR-SRP96-3 Casa de Loma Casa de Nephi Consolidated Canal Eastern Canal Grand Canal Grand Canal Ruins Highline Canal Historic Canal Kyrene Branch Canal La Ciudad de Los Hornos La Lomita Las Acequias Las Estufas Lehi Site Leo’s Site Los Guanacos Mesa Grande Park of the Canals Phoenix 3:4(GP) Phoenix 3:8(GP) Pueblo Grande Railroad Culvert Red Mountain Site Shepherd’s House South Canal T-3 Tempe Canal Tempe Crosscut Canal Western Canal Show More

Site Type
Artifact Scatter Ball Court Berm Cairn Canal or Canal Feature Culvert Funerary and Burial Structures or Features Hamlet / Village Hornos House Isolated Feature Mound / Earthwork Pit Pit House / Earth Lodge Quarry Refuse Pit Road Roasting Pit / Oven / Horno Rock Art Trash Midden

Spatial Coverage

min long: -112.37; min lat: 33.264 ; max long: -111.708; max lat: 33.658 ;

Record Identifiers

Bureau of Reclamation Delivery Order No.(s): 6-PD-32-01820-039; 6-PD-32-01820-036

ACS Project No.(s): 96-338; 96-399; 96-341

Bureau of Reclamation Contract No.(s): 1425-2-CS-01820

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
1998_Aguila_CulturalResourcesSaltRiverProjectCanals_Redacted.pdf 52.23mb Oct 20, 2021 3:49:02 PM Public
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1998_Aguila_CulturalResourcesSaltRiverProjectCanals.pdf 53.37mb Nov 27, 2017 12:11:34 PM Confidential
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Contact(s): Salt River Project Cultural Resource Manager