Tracks through Time: Urban Archaeology along the METRO Light Rail Corridor, Volume IV, Part 1: Technical Analyses and Material Culture


This book presents the results of the archaeological investigations that were conducted along then Light Rail route before and during its construction. As with any project that receives federal funding, METRO was legally required to undertake archaeological investigations along the project corridor; but production of this volume reflects not only METRO's commitment to legal compliance with environmental laws, but also the commitment of the cities of Phoenix, Tempe, and Mesa to preserve and protect the rich prehistoric and historic heritage upon which they are built— a heritage that is reflected in the very name of Phoenix.

As a result of our investigations, we encountered a wealth of archaeological materials, investigated 1,049 features, and recovered over a quarter of a million artifacts— not surprising given that the Light Rail route traverses numerous prehistoric villages that were occupied by the Hohokam about 1,000 years ago. While only a very few of these artifacts can be described in this volume, most of them are curated (stored under controlled conditions so they can be preserved for future generations of researchers) at three local museums— Pueblo Grande Museum in Phoenix, the Tempe Historical Museum in Tempe, and the Arizona Museum of Natural History in Mesa. Here we discuss some of the more interesting prehistoric and historic artifacts and features that we found, and relate how their analysis has advanced what we know about the prehistoric and early historic occupations of the Phoenix metropolitan area.

This is volume 4 part 1 of the reports for Tracks through Time: Urban Archaeology along the METRO Light Rail Corridor. This report details the artifact research within the excavations. The types of artifacts examined in this report are ceramics, lithics, shells, copper bells, historic resources and artifacts.

Cite this Record

Tracks through Time: Urban Archaeology along the METRO Light Rail Corridor, Volume IV, Part 1: Technical Analyses and Material Culture. Allan J. Schilz, Margerie Green, Lourdes Aguila, Glennda Gene Luhnow. 2011 ( tDAR id: 440659) ; doi:10.48512/XCV8440659

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections


Historic Hohokam

Abrader Anvilstone Ax Bead Biface Bottles Brick Brown Paste Variant Buffware Buffware Button Cans Casa Grande Red-on-Buffware Ceramic Chipped Stone Clothing fragments Copper bells Core Core tool earring engravers Figurine Flakes Gila Butte Red-on-Buffware Gila Plainware Gila Redware Glass Ground Stone Hammerstone historic ceramics Human Remains Insulator Jar Knife Mano mending holes Metal metate Nail Palette pecking stone Pendants Pestle polishing stone Projectile Point Redware Rings Sacaton Red-on-Buffware Sacaton Redware Santa Cruz Red-on-Buffware Santan Red-on-Buffware Scoop Scraper Shell sherd disks Snaketown Red-on-Buffware Spindle Whorl Stone Tools Tessera Textile Tinkler toys Wingfield Plainware Wingfield Redware Show More

Site Name
AZ FF:9:17(ASM) AZ T:12:222(ASM) AZ T:12:224 (ASM) AZ T:12:235(ASM) AZ T:12:42 (ASM) AZ T:12:45(ASM) AZ T:7:167 (ASM) AZ T:8:213(ASM) AZ U:16:299 (ASM) AZ U:9:165 (ASM) AZ U:9:189(ASM) AZ U:9:298(ASM) Grand Canal Hayden Ditch Hotel Westward Ho (Roosevelt Hotel) La Plaza Maricopa Canal Phoenix & Eastern Railroad (segment of Creamery Branch) Phoenix Street Railway Phoenix Townsite Pueblo Grande Salt River Valley Canal Standard Oil Service Station Tempe Barrios US 80/Bankhead Highway

Site Type
Adobe House Agricultural or Herding Animal Inhumation Archaeological Feature Artifact Concentration Artifact Scatter Canal or Canal Feature Crematorium Culvert Ditch Domestic Structure or Architectural Complex Domestic Structures Funerary and Burial Structures or Features Hearth House Inhumation Midden Pit Pit House / Earth Lodge Post Hole / Post Mold Privy Railroad Refuse Pit Resource Extraction / Production / Transportation Structure or Features Road Road, Trail, and Related Structures or Features Roasting Pit / Oven / Horno Rock Alignment Room Soil Lens Trash Pit Wall Well Show More

Spatial Coverage

min long: -112.099; min lat: 33.384 ; max long: -111.746; max lat: 33.448 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): City of Phoenix Archaeology Office

Contributor(s): Lourdes Aguila; Sean Bergin; Jennifer L. Bower; Jaimie R. Boyd; Michael S. Droz; Deborah L. Ferguson; Andrea Gregory; Emily A. Higgins; Thomas E. Jones; Glennda Gene Luhnow; Alex Miller; Walter R. Punzmann; E. Melanie Ryan; Allan J. Schilz; Scott Solliday; Quinlan Stefaniak; Glenn S.L. Stuart; Victoria D. Tactikos; Victoria D. Vargas; Jennifer L. Bowler; Eric Dosh; Shawn Fackler; Paige B. Florie; J.C. Kliner; Alissa Letendre; Stanley Plum; Jonathan Spiandorello; Christopher Thompson; M. John Matriko; Linda M. Schilling

Prepared By(s): Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd.

Submitted To(s): Valley Metro Rail, Inc.

Record Identifiers

Cultural Resources Report No. (s): 147

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
Light_Rail_Volume_4_Part_1_OCR_PDFA_Redacted.pdf 647.08mb Mar 16, 2021 1:51:10 PM Public
This file is the redacted version of the resource.
Light_Rail_Volume_4_Part_1_OCR_PDFA.pdf 553.32mb Nov 1, 2011 Feb 5, 2018 9:55:31 AM Confidential
This file is the unredacted version of the resource.

Accessing Restricted Files

At least one of the files for this resource is restricted from public view. For more information regarding access to these files, please reference the contact information below

Contact(s): City of Phoenix Archaeology Office