Along the Patuxent River: The Discontiguous History of a Transportation Landscape

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  • Documents (4)

  • A 19th Century Military Landscape in Southern Maryland (2016)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Aaron M. Levinthal.

    The Maryland State Highway Administration's recent archaeological investigations in Charles County have helped to increase the understanding of a landscape that directly contributed to events that shaped a developing nation. The discovery and study of several War of 1812 and Civil War sites and loci, all within close proximity of one another, the port town of Benedict, and major waterborne and overland transportation corridors, has provided insights on choices made by 19th century military...

  • Building, Dwelling, Thinking: A social geography of a late 17th century plantation. (2016)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Matthew D. Cochran.

    In 1712 Richard Jenkins devised his personal estate, located on the Patuxent River near Benedict, Maryland, to three orphans and a woman that he wasn’t married to. Valued at just over 96 pounds sterling, Richard Jenkins’ plantation, was excavated in 2013 by staff from the Ottery Group and the Maryland State Highway Administration. This paper details the archaeological investigation of the c.1680 through 1713 Jenkins plantation, and seeks to emplace the plantation within a multi-scalar narrative...

  • Camp Stanton and the Archaeology of Racial Ideology at a Camp of Instruction for the U.S. Colored Troops in Benedict, Charles County, Maryland. (2016)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Matthew Palus.

    Camp Stanton was a major Civil War recruitment and training camp for the U.S. Colored Infantry, established in southern Maryland both to draw recruits from its plantations, and to pacify a region yet invested in slavery. More than a third of the nearly 9,000 African Americans recruited in Maryland during the Civil War were trained at Camp Stanton. Archaeological survey and testing resulted in the discovery of four features associated with shelters that housed recruits over the winter of...

  • The Serenity Farm African American Burial Ground (2016)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Julie Schablitsky.

    The Maryland State Highway Administration had an opportunity to delineate and research an unmarked African American burial ground in southern Maryland. Prior to exploring the site, archaeologists reached out to a local descendent community in Charles County who agreed to speak for their ancestors. Throughout the project, archaeologists and the African American community shared in the discovery of the people buried in unmarked graves on the Smith Farm between ca. 1790 and ca. 1810. Forensic and...