2020 SHA General Sessions

Part of: Society for Historical Archaeology 2020

Paper for the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology.

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  • Adapting to Colonial Reality with Long-term History: The Evolution of 17th Century Indigenous Households along the Rappahannock River, Virginia (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Josue Nieves.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. This paper summarizes all research findings pertaining to 2017-2018 Archaeological Excavations at Camden Farm, Virginia. The goal of the project was to seek out a previously unexcavated house site from within the property’s Post-Contact (1650-1720 A.D.) Rappahannock Indian village in order to analyze structural morphology and the suite of artifact assemblages relating to domestic...

  • Advances In the Uses of portable X-Ray Fluorescence (pXRF). Laser Ablation Induced Polarization-Mass Spectrography (LAICP-MS) and Infrared Studies of Plants and Soils to Discover and Map Deeply Buried Human and Animal Remains from Conflict, Massacre and Habitation Sites. (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Richard J Lundin. Claudia Brackett-Lundin.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. From the early work of Eiidt (!977) on the use of Phosphorous analyses to detect the lasting chemical signatures of human remains, human and animal waste in habitation sites, the use of the new (or relatively new to Archaeology) pXRF, LAICP-MS, PIMA and other IR methods to study the concentration of phosphorus in soils and plants over suspected conflict, massacre and habitation...

  • African American Resistance, Social Control, And The Spiritual Alteration Of The Physical Environment (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Kenneth Brown. Tara Ruttley.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Archaeologists have unearthed artifacts associated with West African-derived spiritual belief systems in many different African American locations in the New World. What can the artifacts tell us about the social control mechanisms used within enslaved plantation quarters communities to maintain internal cohesion and collective identity? Ethnographic, historical, and archaeological...

  • African Habits: Archaeology of the Saint Joseph Mission, ca. 1863-1940 (Ngasobil, Senegal) (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Johanna A. Pacyga.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Mission archaeology often identifies a dichotomy between missionaries and indigenous populations. This dynamic is complicated in the case of nineteenth-century French missionization in Senegal where local converts were increasingly relied upon as missionaries themselves. Drawing on archaeological and archival research, this paper focuses on the African Daughters of the Holy Heart of...

  • America’s Forgotten World War II Battlefield (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Tane Renata Casserley. David W Alberg.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Beyond Monitor National Marine Sanctuary’s (MNMS) current boundaries off North Carolina lie waters associated with nearly 500 years of western maritime history and includes shipwrecks representing coastal heritage, American Civil War, U.S. naval aviation, World War I, and most prominently World War II (WWII). MNMS is proposing a boundary expansion to protect and honor these...

  • An Analysis of American and British Ordnance from the 1781 Siege of Star Fort at Ninety Six, South Carolina (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only James B. Legg. Steven D. Smith.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. From May 22 to June 18, 1781, the American Continental Army under the command of General Nathanael Greene laid siege to a Loyalist detachment occupying the fortified village of Ninety Six in the backcountry of South Carolina. The Loyalist defenses included an eight-pointed, star-shaped earthwork fort that was the focus of the American siege, including a desperate and unsuccessful...

  • The Anatomy of a Standoff: Searching for Pearl Royal Hendrickson (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only William A. White.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. On July 31, 1940, African American World War I veteran Pearl Royal Hendrickson shot and killed a Federal Marshall sent to evict him from his home in the foothills overlooking Boise, Idaho. This action precipitated a standoff between Hendrickson and dozens of law enforcement officers from across Idaho. Archaeological surveys conducted in 2018 and 2019 to relocate the site of the...

  • Archaeological Investigations at Alamance Battleground State Historic Site (31AM397) (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Rosemarie T Blewitt-Golsch.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. The Alamance Battleground Research Project was a 14-month long archival, archaeological, and historical investigation aimed at reexamining the site of the final battle in the North Carolina War of the Regulation. The North Carolina Office of State Archaeology and Division of State Historic Sites collaborated with local universities and volunteer groups to systematically survey the...

  • Archaeological Investigations of an Early American Farmstead: The Wiley Smith Site (31MG2098) (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Kelsey A. Schmitz.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. While farmsteads are relatively abundant in the historic and archaeological record, there are many issues with the current practices used to identify, evaluate, record, and study them. However, farmsteads represent a way of life that was once customary to much of the American population, and therefore deserve adequate archaeological attention. This Master's thesis studied a late...

  • Archaeology and Coastal Change (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Garry Momber.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. A new initiative in the Southern North Sea and the English Channel titled Sustainable And Resilient Coastal Cities (SARCC) is, for the first time, assessing historical, archaeological and paleoenvironmental material to understand long term patterns of coastal change. The results will be used by coastal managers to help identify geomorphological changes that have been brought about...

  • The Archaeology And Forgeries Department: A Novel Interdepartmental Approach For Obtaining Historically Accurate Reproductions At George Washington’s Boyhood Home (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Mara Kaktins. Elyse Adams. Judith Jobrack. Meghan Budinger.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. The newly reconstructed Washington Family Home at Ferry Farm is unique in that visitors are encouraged to immerse themselves in eighteenth century life by sitting on the chairs, lying on the beds, going through the drawers of desks, and handling the tea and tablewares. Additionally, the entire structure and everything in it is informed by Washington’s historical and archaeological...

  • Archaeology and Mainstream Media: Slippery Slope or Revolution Worth Stoking? (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Karen Bellinger.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Few would deny that in recent decades, methodological and theoretical revolutions have transformed the practice of historical archaeology. Through technological innovations and new intellectual avenues for interpreting the past, the ways and means by which historical archaeologists approach research and analysis have advanced tremendously in scope and sophistication. When it comes...

  • The Archaeology of a Late 17th to early 18th Century Plantation Servant’s Quarter in Burlington County, New Jersey. (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only adam heinrich.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. When Restore Lippincott, a very prominent New Jersey Quaker leader, died in 1741, he passed two enslaved people on to a son. The complex documentary history reveals the family engaged in owning black and Native American laborers as well as hiring indentured and seasonal labor. In 2018, excavations at the Restore Lippincott Homestead site (28-Bu-921) examined an out-building that...

  • The Archaeology of Pivotal Places: The Structuring of Habitual Landscape and the Bush Hill Plantation. (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Marco Meniketti.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Places where the nexus of human agency, social momentum, and singular events come together can exert pivotal influence over historical trajectories. Such places may have lasting influence over behaviors, consciousness, and habitus long after initial intersection. Pivotal places foster social entanglements through dynamic relationships, but also from passive constraint. Many pivotal...

  • The Archaeology of Tourism at George Washington’s Mount Vernon (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Joseph A. Downer.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Since the time of George Washington’s death in 1799, people from across the globe have visited his home at Mount Vernon in Fairfax County, Virginia to walk the same ground that he trod, and to pay respects to the man many considered to be the American Cincinnatus. From the early 19th to the 21st centuries, visitors to Mount Vernon have left their own indelible mark on the landscape...

  • Archaeology Story Time: Using Tilden’s 6th Principle to Educate K-2 Children in Public Archaeology (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Michael B Thomin. Laura Clark Hunt. Tristan J Harrenstein.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. In 2018 Florida Public Archaeology Network (FPAN) Coordinating Center staff in Pensacola, Florida implemented a pilot program called “Archaeology Story Time.” This public program was designed specifically for an age group that is routinely overlooked in public archaeology education and outreach: young children in grades K-2. Based on assessments of caregivers’ perspectives of the...

  • Archaeology, Advertising, and Curing Your Ails (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Allison K Butchko.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. The idea of archaeology and advertising does not typically go in hand in hand, but advertisements influence our purchases today as much as they did back in the 19th century. Using the archaeological record as a starting point we will explore medicine bottles from the Gunnar’s Run South site located in the Fishtown neighborhood of Philadelphia, PA. This site was once mainly row homes...

  • Ash Dump Archaeology: Piecing Together the History of the R. J. Dunn House (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Donn Grenda. Leah M. Arias.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. This paper discusses a collection of artifacts recovered from the ash dumps and chutes of three fireplaces in the R. J. Dunn House, an NRHP-listed property in Redlands, CA. The 1912 home was built as a rental property and was used by four families who have famous relatives such as the Busch (of Anheuser Busch) and Pulitzer families. Our analysis clarifies the history of the...

  • Assessing Recently Discovered Shipwrecks on Lake Winnipesaukee (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Anthony H Gilchrist.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. In the past decade over 80 shipwrecks have been discovered in Lake Winnipesaukee, NH. After a preliminary survey in 2018, the researchers returned to Lake Winnipesaukee in 2019 to document some of these shipwrecks. The ones found with the most integrity will be used for future research investigating such things as the environmental and human impact on the shipwrecks. For the 2019...

  • The Barque South Australian: Discovery and Documentation of South Australia’s Oldest Known Shipwreck (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only James W. Hunter. Irini A Malliaros. Rick Bullers.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. In early 2018, a collaborative team comprising maritime archaeologists, museum specialists and volunteers from the South Australian Department for Environment and Water (DEW), South Australian Maritime Museum, Silentworld Foundation, Australian National Maritime Museum, MaP Fund and Flinders University surveyed for and located the shipwreck site of the barque South Australian. Lost...

  • The Battle for HMAS Perth: Saving a Wrecked Second World War Cruiser from Illegal Salvage (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Kieran Hosty. James W. Hunter. Irini A Malliaros.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. HMAS Perth (I) was one of three modified Leander Class light cruisers commissioned into the Royal Australian Navy shortly before the beginning of the Second World War. In February 1942 Perth, along with the heavy cruiser USS Houston, encountered a Japanese invasion fleet off the Indonesian island of Java. Both ships were sunk with heavy casualties. Perth was discovered by an...

  • Beer Bottles and Helmet Plumes: Military Consumerism at Fort Davis, Texas (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Kaitlyn Eldredge. Katrina C. L. Eichner.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. This paper investigates consumption patterns in the context of a 19th century U.S. military fort. Specifically, the authors discuss an assemblage recovered during a surface survey conducted on private property in Fort Davis, Texas. The sheet midden materials we are discussing were deposited by military personnel from the mid-1880s through the fort’s official abandonment in 1891....

  • The Bermuda 100 Project: An Island-Scale Digital Atlas for Underwater Cultural Heritage (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Dominique Rissolo. Vid Petrovic. Eric Lo. Philippe M. Rouja. Jean-Pierre Rouja. Scott Blair. Falko Kuester.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. The reefs surrounding Bermuda are home to some 100 historic shipwrecks. Documenting the location and assessing the integrity of wrecks, with respect to individual deposits and overall site morphology, is essential to reconstructing the natural and cultural processes that resulted in the formation of wreck sites and provides both spatial and temporal contextual information. Digital...

  • Black Marks on Boot – Locating Shipwreck Sites With Satellite Imagery (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Irini A Malliaros.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Satellite imagery has changed the approach to the search for shipwrecks in maritime archaeology. The Geographic Information Systems (GIS) work undertaken by archaeologists, following the Silentworld Foundation and Australian National Maritime Museum collaborative expedition in 2017 to Kenn Reefs in the Coral Sea, revealed that shipwreck sites and their effect on coral reefs could be...

  • "Can We Work Together?": Archaeology And Community Tensions At Camp Security (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Nicholas Zeitlin. John T. Crawmer.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Camp Security is a prisoner-of-war camp established during the Revolutionary War and the only such camp to survive modern development. From July 1781 and May 1783, the camp housed 1600-1800 British POWs captured at the Battles of Saratoga and Yorktown. Efforts to locate residential areas in the complex have been ongoing sporadically since the 1970s, but the exact location of the...

  • A Capitol Hill Cellar: Analysis Of The Cellar Feature From The Shotgun House Archaeology Project In Washington, D.C. (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Christine M Ames.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. A modest, one-story frame Shotgun style house located in the historic Capitol Hill neighborhood in Southeast Washington, D.C. was once home to German immigrant families and their descendants from the first half of the 19th century through the 20th. Archaeological investigations within the footprint of the house uncovered a backfilled, brick-lined cellar, full of fragmented household...

  • A Case for Photogrammetry in Deepwater Archaeological Site Investigations (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Scott R Sorset.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Advances in software combined with modern high-end computing have made the ability to create highly accurate maps and models of deepwater shipwrecks a reality. The capacity to create scaled and measurable models restore one of the fundamental tenants of mapping sites in terrestrial archaeology, but in an environment that was previously restricted by cost, time, access, and accuracy....

  • Cayman's 1794 Wreck of the Ten Sail (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Margaret E. Leshikar-Denton.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. The story has been passed through generations. it was the wreck of ten vessels at once, comprising one of the most dramatic maritime disasters in Caribbean naval history. Historical documents and remains of the ships confirm that the narrative is more than folklore. It is based on the loss of HMS Convert, formerly L’Inconstante, a recent prize from the French, and nine of her...

  • Census of the Anguilla Heritage Trail: Site Assessment of Ten Sites Struck by a Category 5 Hurricane in Anguilla, BWI. (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Lillian Azevedo.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. In 2010, ten limestone markers were erected as part of the Anguilla Heritage Trail, a publicly funded initiative designed to recognize aspects of the Island’s local heritage with a system of permanent stone plaques. Sites selected by public vote included historic structures, archaeological sites, a private museum, and maritime landscapes. On September 6, 2017 Hurricane Irma struck...

  • Change, Continuity and Foodways: The Persistence of Indigenous Identity at Mission Santa Clara (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Sarah J Noe.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. This paper examines faunal remains recovered from three middens located next to the Native American barracks at the Spanish mission site of Santa Clara (1777-1836) located in Alta California. Mission Santa Clara contained a diverse population of differing Native American groups including predominantly Ohlone speakers,Yokuts-speaking people, and later in time Miwok individuals. This...

  • Changing Identity and Foodways in Colonial New Mexico (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Ivana M. Ivanova.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. During the early colonial period of New Mexico (1598 - 1680), colonists steadfastly clung to their Spanish identity to uphold ethnic hierarchy. Certain crops, notably wheat, were important to the reinforcement of that identity, and the Spanish attempted to grow them despite environmental difficulties. After Spanish reoccupation in 1692, the goals of the Spanish Empire shifted to...

  • Chasing Rabbits: Investigating Domesticated Leporids at Jefferson’s Monticello (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Valerie M.J. Hall.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Recent excavations at Monticello’s South Pavilion provided researchers the opportunity to analyze faunal remains from fill which originated in the plantation’s first kitchen yard and environs. Preliminary analysis suggests food procurement on the site fits patterns seen in newly-established plantations across the Chesapeake region, in which the percentage of wild game brought to the...

  • Chicken Toes and Dominoes: Dining and Recreation at Shirley Heights Fort in Antigua, West Indies (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Alexis K Ohman.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Shirley Heights (1791-1854) was a military fort located on the former British Caribbean colony of Antigua, constructed during a period of rising tensions from French invasions of British territories and increased resistance of enslaved Africans. Excavations conducted at the Blockhouse of Shirley Heights in 2018 sought to add to the growing body of research on Antiguan military sites...

  • A Chinese porcelain Sherd of the Transitional Period found in New Mexico (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Linda R. Pomper.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Sherds of Chinese porcelain have been found in New Mexico, which was settled by the Spanish as early as 1598. The porcelain had come to Acapulco via the Manila galleon trade, and then arrived in New Mexico on the Camino Real. A site at San Lazaro has been erratically excavated, but is stilll worthy of study. Some of the sherds found at the site are not surprising: blue and white...

  • Coal Mining and Multigenerational Punishment: Exploring Long-term Health Impacts in Coal Mining Communities (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Kyla Cools.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. The anthracite coal region is known as the unhealthiest and unhappiest in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. This reputation, however, is not merely a contemporary phenomenon that has manifested within the twenty-first century; rather, it is the result of historically rooted processes that have had disproportionate and long lasting impacts on the health and well-being of coal mining...

  • Cold skin, warm socks? Remade and repurposed Burial Clothing in pre-modern northern Finland (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Erika Ruhl.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. When is a sock more than simply a sock? Two types of clothing are present in this dataset of pre-modern northern Finnish burials: (1) repurposed items used in life and repurposed as burial clothes (2) remade items crafted from second-hand materials specifically for burial. Despite ostensibly serving the same purpose, repurposed items remain functional, while remade items are often...

  • Commemorating 400 Years of Community, 1619-2019: Archaeology and Heritage of Slavery and Hacienda in Nasca, Peru (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Brendan J. M. Weaver.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Last year, 2019, marked the quadricentenary of the communities of San José and San Pablo of Nasca’s Ingenio Valley, founded as vineyard haciendas by the Society of Jesus (Jesuits) in 1619. For nearly a decade, the Haciendas of Nasca Archaeological Project has carried out ethnohistorical and archaeological research in close collaboration with the communities of the former estates in...

  • Comparative Analysis And Chemical Characterization Of Iron And Steel Blades And Tools From Trents Cave and Enslaved Laborer Contexts At Trents Plantation, Barbados (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Steven G Harris. Douglas Armstrong.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Trents Cave, Barbados is a site hidden between the previous enslaved laborer settlement (1650-1838) and the planter’s compound (1627-present) at Trents Plantation. Containing caches of various metal artifacts, Trents Cave is believed to be a site of special purpose, where selection and use of ferrous materials was conducted by people of African descent as a form of ritual and...

  • A Comparison Of Collections From Six Nineteenth Century Missouri River Trade Post Sites (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Lotte E Govaerts.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. In this paper I compare six nineteenth-century Missouri River trade post sites in present-day North and South Dakota. This was done using artifact collections generated in the mid-twentieth century during large-scale archaeological salvage operations. The United States colonized the region during the period studied, resulting in significant environmental and demographic changes....

  • A Comparison of Macrobotanical Remains from Monticello’s First Kitchen and a late 18th- Century Quarter Site (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Peggy Humes. Crystal L. Ptacek.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. The process of cooking creates more than a meal: cooking provides a glimpse into how the resource availability of wild and domesticated plants played a prominent role in peoples’ diets, medicinal regimes, and their choice of fuels. This paper will compare the preliminary results collected from macrobotanical remains from Thomas Jefferson’s first kitchen at Monticello with a...

  • A Conceptual Framework for Conservation Management of Underwater Cultural Heritage by Public Agencies (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Sarah Watkins-Kenney.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. When physical remains of the past are discovered underwater preservation actions needed may be obvious to archaeological conservators. Deciding actions taken, however, often falls to public agency managers. By general organization theory effective management requires understanding of context. A conceptual framework to help conservation managers understand contexts within which their...

  • Concrete and Metal andn Wood, oh my! Archaeology of the Recent Past on Santa Cruz Island, CA (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Courtney H. Buchanan. Jennifer E Perry.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. As the largest of the Channel Islands off the coast of Southern California, Santa Cruz Island was home to ranching, farming, hunting, fishing and abalone diving, military activities, oil exploration, tourism, scientific inquiry, and conservation/restoration from the 1830s through the 1980s. Our work has focused on archaeologically documenting the material correlates of these...

  • Conserving, Expanding, and Sustaining Critical Archaeology in the Digital Age: Moving the Archaeology in Annapolis Program Forward (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Madeline E. Laub. Adam Fracchia.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. The Archaeology in Annapolis (AiA) project was started in 1981 by Dr. Mark Leone and has used critical archaeology to understand the history of Annapolis, Maryland. The project has expanded to Maryland’s Eastern Shore including Wye House, Wye Hall, and the Hill Community in Easton. In addition to the ground-breaking scholarship and data generated, the legacy of this program lies in...

  • Crafty Thinking: Measuring Skill Across Time and Space (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Benjamin Kolb.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Apprenticeship systems are essential to the development of craft specialization, yet archaeologists have only recently begun to advance general models of these systems in addition to measurements of skill. This presentation will use a blacksmith shop at the Chittenango site located in upstate New York as a case study. Developing criteria for the measurement of skill was key in...

  • A Cutt of the Catt’s Ears: The State of Physic in Early 18th Century Williamsburg. (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Meredith M. Poole.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. During the first half of the 18th century, Williamsburg resident John Custis, Governor’s councilmember and scientific gardener, filled 69 pages of a Commonplace Book with remedies for afflictions ranging from worms and epilepsy to “after pains in the childbed”. Were these receipts—more than 180 of them--- products of Custis’s personal experience and anxiety? A reflection of his...

  • Daily Practices in Private and Communal Spaces: Preliminary Results of Excavation at a Nikkei Residence and Communal Bathhouse at Barneston, WA (1907-1924) (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only David R Carlson.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. The archaeology of the Japanese Diaspora is an emerging field that focuses on the experiences and material culture of Nikkei (individuals with Japanese heritage) across the world. This paper adds to this growing literature by reporting on the results of fieldwork at the Japanese Camp at the Barneston Townsite (45KI1424). Investigated as part of the Issei at Barneston Project (IABP),...

  • Dating the Sparrow-Hawk (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Aoife M Daly.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. In 1626, a ship making its way to Virginia reached land at Cape Cod. On board were two Englishmen and many Irish servants. The ship was damaged and the travelers were allowed to stay at the plantation at Plymouth while they awaited passage south. After a storm in 1863, at ‘old ship harbor’, a shipwreck was exposed and the remains lifted. This ship, named the Sparrow-Hawk, was hailed...

  • The Deep-water Ecology of the HMS Olympus: an Analysis of the Archaeological Impact of Marine Growth on Submerged Material Culture Beneath the Photic Zone. (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Chanelle Zaphiropoulos. Timmy Gambin.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Since 1942, the HMS Olympus has rested at approximately 130 meters beneath the surface and has become a thriving deep water reef environment. Since the submarine's rediscovery, it has been visited by teams of technical divers lead by Professor Timmy Gambin. Given its depth, researchers have only a short period of bottom time during which they may examine the wreck's condition. On...

  • Defend Your Coast: Network Analysis of Crusader Fortifications and Settlements in the Kyrenia Region of Cyprus (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Tyler M Caldwell.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. The Mediterranean island of Cyprus is situated at the crossroads of the Near East and the Aegean Civilizations. During the Middle Ages, Cyprus experienced raids that would devastate the coastal landscape. Coastal towns and villages were destroyed, and many of them never rebuilt. Fortifications were constructed to defend the coastline from raiders and potential invaders. Scholars...

  • Discovery of Barry’s Wharf on the Southeast Waterfront, Washington, DC (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Gregory Katz.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Archaeological studies have been taking place as part of the ongoing redevelopment of the former Southeast Federal Center (SEFC) in Washington, D.C., an area now known as “the Yards.” In late 2017 and early 2018, Louis Berger U.S., a WSP company (WSP), conducted archaeological studies along Water Street, SE. The studies were multifaceted and included trench excavations through thick...

  • Down in the Dumps: An Introduction to Feature 7 at the Pierce Hichborn House (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Linda A Seminario. Samantha R Kelley. Dr. Catherine F West. Kathleen Forste. Joseph M. Bagley.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. The Pierce Hichborn House (PHH), a historical home in the North End of Boston, has experienced transformations throughout its long history of occupation. Initially, the property was a single family home, before transitioning to a tenement building in the 19th century. Feature 7 of the PHH site, with a presumed date range of late 17th to early 20th century, manifests a blend of...

  • Down in the Trenches: A New Chapter in the Exploration of Fort St. Joseph (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Erika K. Hartley. Michael Nassaney.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. After 20 years of excavation on the Fort St. Joseph floodplain where archaeological evidence of six structures has been found, Fort St. Joseph Archaeological Project investigators turned their attention to exploring the southern boundary of the site. There are no known historical documents or maps that detail the extent of the fort, highlighting the significance of this research...

  • Early Basque Presence In The Gulf Of Maine: First Results And Future Research Threads (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Xabier Alberdi. Rebecca Cole-Will. Brad Loewen. Brad Loewen. Ihintza Marguirault.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. New research suggests an early Basque fishing, whaling and trading presence in the Gulf of Maine. Aided by historical place-names and a reexamination of archaeological collections in Maine, we searched for other tangible indicators of a Basque presence in the area. The existence of an island named Placentia in the Penobscot Estuary casts a new light on the provenance of the...

  • Early Colonial Meat Provisioning on Maryland’s Western Shore (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only James Gibb. Janet Medina.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Early Colonial (1650s through 1750s) sites on Maryland’s Western Shore occupy several distinct ecosystems, each offering opportunities for, and imposing constraints on, provisioning strategies. Faunal data assembled from eight Maryland sites along the Chesapeake Bay measure that variability as the first phase in a larger study that explores varying dietary patterns and the effects...

  • Eat This In Remembrance: The Zooarchaeological Analysis of Secular and Religious Estancias in 17th- Century New Mexico (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Ana C. Opishinski.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. During the early colonial period of New Mexico (1598-1680) secular and religious governing bodies developed simultaneously to manage the colony, the colonists, and the indigenous people already residing in the region. One of the resulting differences between secular and religious households was in labor rules and structure, especially regarding the Pueblos and other conscripted or...

  • Economic Landscapes at Arcadia (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Adrianne B Sams. Ramie Gougeon.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. The land that now encompasses the Arcadia Mill Archaeological Site in Santa Rosa County, Florida was originally part of a nineteenth century Spanish land grant that was developed into an industrial complex. Two sawmills, a textile mill, and other facilities formed the largest water-powered industrial complex in northwest Florida, uniquely relying on the labor of over 90 enslaved...

  • Engaging Students and Communities About Archaeological Sites and Collections Through Digital Knowledge Mobilization (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Julie Woods.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Students get quickly engaged with archaeological sites and collections when they use digital technologies to tell stories and connect with others. Yet, the wide array of tools available can lead to poorly conceived results when projects need to be completed in the space of one semester by undergraduate students. In this session I will explore options to train students in...

  • Engaging the Public in Archaeological Conservation: The Development of RIMAP’s Conservation Facility (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Amelia J Hammond.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. From 1999 to the present, the Rhode Island Marine Archaeology Project (RIMAP) has recovered a collection of artifacts with the intention to conserve them. Since excavation, all the artifacts have been put through desalination and preventative conservation measures. This year, through a grant from the Australian National Maritime Museum, RIMAP created an artifact management facility...

  • Ethics In A Small Town: Columbia Street Cemetery Project In Springfield, Ohio (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Caitlin Lobl. Darlene L. Brooks Hedstrom.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. In Springfield, Ohio, the Columbia Street Cemetery (CSC) Project is a joint initiative by the Turner Foundation, concerned citizens of Springfield, and Wittenberg University’s History and Archaeology programs. The aim of the project is to document and study the city’s oldest cemetery, which dates to the 1820s. The cemetery sits at the center of the city’s downtown, which is part of...

  • The Ethics of Archaeological Work in a Historical Cemetery (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Caitlin Lobl. Darlene L. Brooks Hedstrom.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Is it the responsibility of the archaeologist to explain ethical issues of working in a historic cemetery to those who contract them? Should the focus of the project shift to strictly above ground survey and beautification to commemorate those lives buried there? Is it better to leave the headstones, lost to time, underground until a solid plan is set in place for the revitalization...

  • Evaluating the Sensys MagDrone R3 Aerial Magnetometer System (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Christopher McCabe. Rod Mather.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. In early 2019 the Applied History Lab at the University of Rhode Island and Rhode Island-based company GeoNautic Solutions acquired a Sensys MagDrone R3 fluxgate aerial magnetometer and a DJI Matrice 200 small unmanned aircraft system (sUAS). Performance testing of the aerial magnetometer system began in the summer months after sUAS training and FAA Part 107 Remote Pilot...

  • An Examination of Limited Variability and High Frequency Repetition in Large Faunal Deposits at the National Constitution Site (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Marie Pipes.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Excavations at the National Constitution Center site, Philadelphia PA, uncovered features containing large concentrations of faunal remains. Documentation indicates one or two lots were associated with African American households. James Orono Dexter, a former slave who inherited a financial legacy, occupied one lot. Another lot may be associated with an African American household....

  • Exposing Toxic Legacies: The Archaeology of Military Contamination in Labrador (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Julia Brenan.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Hazardous contamination from human activity in the last century has burdened, and continues to recklessly burden Canada’s North and its inhabitants, particularly Indigenous peoples. The Federal Government of Canada recognizes approximately 22,000 contaminated or suspected-to-be contaminated sites within Canada; 1,600 of them are in Labrador. This project addresses the legacy of...

  • First Aid in the Field: Creating a Conservation Protocol for the Recovery of Brunswick Town Artifacts (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Brandon J Eckert.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Since 2015, East Carolina University has conducted its summer field school in archaeology at the 18th century settlement site of Brunswick Town in North Carolina’s Cape Fear region. After multiple field seasons, thousands of artifacts have been recovered. Following their retrieval in the field, many of these artifacts have deteriorated significantly as a result of improper storage...

  • From Merchants to Miners: A Comparison of Store Ledgers and Archaeological Assemblages from Chinese Mining Sites in Idaho's Boise Basin (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Conner M. Weygint. Renae Campbell.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. During the second half of the nineteenth century, a gold rush in Southern Idaho’s Boise Basin spurred a large influx of people into the area. This population boom led to the Boise Basin surpassing Portland, Oregon, as the largest population center in the Pacific Northwest. Many of these miners were Chinese immigrants. These miners left behind a rich archeological record that yields...

  • From Perfume to Poison: A Reflection of Women in the Archaeological Assemblage of Philadelphia (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Mozelle Shamash-Rosenthal. Lindsey Adams.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Although material used by women and girls is undoubtedly part of almost all archaeological assemblages, specific interpretations of their daily lives can be difficult to parse out. However, archaeologists can turn to material culture that specifically speaks to the lives of women to better understand their experiences. During excavations of the I-95/Girard Avenue Interchange Project...

  • From Quincy Market In Boston To St. Ann's Market In Montréal: The Architectural Genesis Of Montréal’s First Covered Market (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only François Gignac.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. In 1832, a few years after Quincy Market was built, Montréal erected its first covered market, inspired by the architecture of its Boston counterpart. The market, Montréal’s largest public building at the time, housed the Parliament of the United Province of Canada starting in 1844, but burned down in 1849. From 2010 to 2017, Pointe-à-Callière, the Montréal Archaeology and History...

  • From the Walls of Kalaupapa (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Stacy J. Lundgren.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Traditional Hawaiian dry-stack masonry walls remain one of the more visible features of the landscape on the Kalaupapa Peninsula at the northern tip of the island of Molokai. These rock walls once served as land dividers, livestock and residential enclosures, and demarcated agricultural fields. From 1866 to 1969, the flat rocky peninsula served as the location to isolate those...

  • A Future for Photogrammetry: The Application of the Multi-Camera "SeaArray" to Visualize the Underwater Realm of the National Park Service (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Brett Seymour. Evan Kovacs.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. The field of underwater archeology has had few technological advancements with the potential to drastically change how we document, manage, and interpret underwater sites like photogrammetry. Currently the primary application continues to focus on single camera acquisition and the 3D reconstruction of specific isolated underwater features. In order to provide a lasting interpretive...

  • A Garden Inferior to Few: Landscape Archaeology at Custis Square, Williamsburg, Virginia (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Jack A Gary.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. The Department of Archaeology at Colonial Williamsburg has begun a multi-year investigation of Custis Square, the 18th century Williamsburg home and gardens of John Custis IV. Utilizing enslaved labor, Custis transformed this four acre lot into one of the most elaborate ornamental gardens in America between 1714 and 1749. Developed at a time of transformation in European garden...

  • Gaspé Bay Shipwreck Survey (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Carolyn Kennedy. Christopher Dostal.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. In 1534, French explorer Jacques Cartier arrived in Gaspé, Québec and claimed Canada for France. Gaspé, located in Eastern Québec on the North Atlantic, has been a hub of maritime culture in North America for centuries, and continues to be an important fishing and commerce port today. At different points in history, Gaspé has been home to indigenous fishermen, Basque whalers, and...

  • Germanna Lives: Site Lives (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Eric L Larsen.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. The stories of our sites matter. Archaeology sites having a “history” of preservation are most often wrapped up in a context rife with privilege. Alexander Spotswood’s 1720s “Enchanted Castle” in Orange County, Virginia, can easily be viewed through this lens. The Germanna Foundation is re-examining the Enchanted Castle Site and the early 18th century community once known as...

  • The Greek House that America Built: Remittance Archaeology in the Global South (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Kostis Kourelis.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. A quarter of the working-age male population of Greece migrated to the U.S. between 1900 and 1915. Remittances sent home made up a third of Greece’s gross domestic product that was invested in the construction of rural houses, schools, and churches. Many of these villages were destroyed during the Second World War and the Greek Civil War or were depopulated in the mass urbanization...

  • Ground-Truthing GRP Results at A New Hampshire Burial Ground: Narrowing the Divide Between "Anomaly" and Graveshaft. (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Kathleen L Wheeler.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Independent Archaeological Consulting followed up the ground-penetrating radar survey with a 100% recovery of a burial ground in Rochester, New Hampshire. The GPR survey enumerated 198 anomalies consistent with the shape and depth of burial shafts, but IAC discovered only 89 graveshafts. Non-grave anomalies ranged from gravel veins to buried stumps and rotten roots. The GPR results...

  • Hardscrabble Life: The Change in the Use of Land From Exploratory Mining to Domestic Life on Quincy Mining Company Property. (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Gideon L. Hoekstra.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. The Quincy Mine was affectionately dubbed “Old Reliable” due to the Quincy Mining Company paying dividends to its investors every year from 1868-1920. However, the company’s formative decade, starting in 1846, were not as bountiful. The future of the company was saved by discovering the Quincy lode of copper in 1856. In later decades, the site of these early exploratory mining...

  • Headstones without Heads: The Search for a Lost Cholera Cemetery through Oral Histories and Ground Penetrating Radar (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Melissa M. Darroch. Brandon Gluckstal. Guido Pezzarossi.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. The 19th century Berry Tavern outside Shullsburg, WI was accustomed to people moving through its grounds due to social events held there and its location on the Chicago to Galena, IL stagecoach road. However, at least six people never left. They fell ill and died from a cholera outbreak in the winter of 1854. Currently, the only recovered whereabouts of these individuals are six...

  • Hidden Histories: Using Archaeology to Teach Slavery in the Secondary Classroom (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Lindsay Randall. Bethany Jay.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. There are many challenges that educators face when teaching slavery in middle and high school classrooms. Archaeology-centered activities offer unique ways to talk about and incorporate histories often left out of the historical record in a manner that can engage students in important and meaningful conversations on the subject. The authors will share their experiences and...

  • Household Archaeology and Slavery in Tidewater Virginia (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Maria Franklin.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. This paper focuses on the results of fieldwork at an urban plantation in colonial Williamsburg that once belonged to John Coke, a tradesman and tavern owner. In order to address questions concerning the enslaved household economy and labor, I compared the artifacts from Coke’s quarter to those of two other tidewater plantation sites. An approach which positions these households...

  • Ideology, Colonialism and Domestic Architecture (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Katharine J. Watson.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Joseph Brittan, Charles Fooks, Dr Burrell Parkerson and John Cracroft Wilson built four very different houses in 1850s Christchurch, New Zealand. These men were part of the first wave of European settlers of the new city, and their houses differed not just from each other, but also from the majority of houses built by the first European settlers. Most new settlers built either...

  • If You Can’t Take The Heat: Archaeology Of A 1760s-1800 New Jersey Out Kitchen (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Michael J. Gall.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Once ubiquitous, out kitchens were set apart from dwellings to keep cooking fires away from the house during summer months. This separation ensured that uncontrolled fires did not spread to a family’s home. Out kitchens were places where people cooked -often women, clothing was cleaned, tended and mended, and quarter was given to apprentices and free and enslaved laborers....

  • The Impact of Coastal Erosion on a Maine Shipwreck: Tools for the Long-Term Study, Management, and Protection of Shipwrecks from Coastal Erosion, Storm Surge, and Sea Level Rise (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Stefan H. Claesson.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Following powerful coastal winter storms and beach erosion, the remains of a shipwreck were repeatedly exposed at Short Sands Beach in York, Maine. The shipwreck received national attention during highly visible exposures following a Nor’easter storm in February 2018. The public is concerned about vandalism and erosion of the site, which has exposed numerous times since 1958. A 2018...

  • Improving Their Lot: Cultivating Communities & Landscape Change in Maine, 1760-1820 (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Megan D. Postemski.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Frontier landscapes are often portrayed either as ripe for settlement and replete with resources, or as dangerous, harsh peripheries that pioneers adapted to. Given factors like harsh winters and warfare, the latter portrayal dominates narratives of the Eastern Frontier during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. To interrogate notions of a largely intractable frontier...

  • In Search of Agrarian Women in the Material Culture of the Post-bellum Sandhills (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Rachel B Morgan.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Although World War I proved a boon for the suffrage movement, it resulted in the displacement of the agrarian communities of South Carolina’s Sandhills. Beginning in 1917, war preparations centered on the construction of Fort Jackson just outside of Columbia. As the Fort expanded, agrarian families across the Sandhills resisted development. This paper delves into the world of the...

  • In the Shadow of Sugar: Dwelling in the Post-Emancipation Era, Montserrat (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Samantha Ellens.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Archaeological scholarship on Afro-Caribbean experiences in the Lesser Antilles has increasingly focused on the economic and social conditions of the post-emancipation period. This paper discusses material data collected from a plantation complex once containing a late 19th- to 20th-century village that supplied labor to the citrus lime industry on Montserrat. Excavated material...

  • Integrated Maritime Cultural Landscape for Management of Vulnerable Coastal Communities’ Heritage (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Sorna Khakzad. Michael B Thomin.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. In this paper, we will apply the concept of Maritime Cultural Landscape (MCL) as a tool to evaluate the maritime heritage of Northwest Florida for a National Heritage Area (NHA) designation. We hypothesis that integration of MCL concept and NHA criteria can offer a unique management tool for coastal cultural heritage and local communities against the adversities of natural...

  • Intemperate Men: Alcohol and Autonomy Within the Lumber Camps of Michigan's Upper Peninsula (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Tyler D. Allen.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Industrial capital often instilled discipline through control of social behaviors. Alcohol consumption was most often targeted due to its effects on worker productivity. Although many late 19th and early 20th century corporations had strict alcohol policies, the Cleveland Cliffs Iron Company (CCI) never enforced sobriety within their lumber camps. CCI took a hands off approach to...

  • Intersections: Using AR/VR Technology to Expand Archaeological Public Outreach and Increase Engagement (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Chester Cunanan. Brett Harte.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. This project focuses on using augmented and virtual reality to expand public interaction and outreach through a mix of digital technologies (smart phones and the Hololens) and analog outreach (postcards and journals). AECOM has engaged in extensive public outreach for the I-95 Girard Avenue Interchange Improvement Project through a variety of avenues. Two of the most distributed of...

  • An Investigation of the Microbial Community Associated with the USS Arizona (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Jennifer Clifford. Archana Vasanthakumar. Dave Conlin. Ralph Mitchell.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Understanding the microbial community associated with sunken metal ships helps provide insight into the role of bacteria in this environment. Our study of the USS Arizona bacterial community provides an insight into the importance of microbes in the deterioration of sunken ships. We evaluated this community in sediment samples collected from both interior and exterior sites and...

  • Jettisoned: History, Discovery, and Recovery of the CSS Pee Dee armament (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only James D. Spirek.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. In 2019, three cannons from the CSS Pee Dee were installed between the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs building and the National Cemetery in Florence, South Carolina. The cannons were jettisoned at the Mars Bluff Naval Yard and the gunboat scuttled in the Great Pee Dee River during the waning days of the American Civil War. The presence of these cannons represents the...

  • Kiska: Alaska’s Underwater Battlefield (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Andrew Pietruszka. Eric Terrill. Mark Moline. Heidi Batchelor. Eric Gallimore. Bob Hess. Andy Nager. Matthew Breece. Eric White.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. In July 2018 members of Scripps Institution of Oceanography and the University of Delaware spent two weeks conducting an exploratory remote-sensing survey to locate and document WWII-era submerged archaeological sites in the waters off Kiska Island, Alaska, one of the last and most remote islands in the Aleutian chain. The often-forgotten Aleutian campaign was the sole WWII campaign...

  • Landscape of a Shootout: A Reexamination of the National Register Nomination for the Power Cabin (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Maxwell Forton.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Rattlesnake Canyon in the Galiuro Mountains harbors a historic cabin at the center of one of Arizona’s most infamous shootouts. In 1918 four men were killed in a confrontation between local law enforcement and members of the Power family. The infamy surrounding this shootout and ensuing manhunt secured the site of the Power Cabin a place on the National Register of Historic Places....

  • Less Than Human: The Institutional Origins of the Medical Waste Recovered at the Milwaukee County Poor Farm Cemetery (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Alexander Anthony.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Poor Laws enacted in the early 19th-century condemned the most destitute to confinement in almshouses, poor farms, and workhouses. These laws paralleled contemporary Anatomy Acts that turned the 'unclaimed' dead from those institutions over to medical facilities for dissection. In essence, pauperism became punishable by anatomization. Thus, dissection served the dual purpose of...

  • Lessons In Advocacy: The International Space Station And The Archaeology Community (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Tara Ruttley.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. The International Space Station (ISS) is a unique and critical resource for benefits to Earth and the future of space exploration. Since 1998, it is the only place in the universe where people can perform experiments where the absence of gravity is a new variable. But why bother? Why should the public care, and why should the government spend its money on this amazing orbiting...

  • The Life and Suicide of a Florist in Southwest Missouri: William Franklin Sampson. (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Seth J Sampson.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. From the 1870’s through the mid-twentieth century not everyone in Joplin, MO chose to work in the lead and zinc mines of the Tri-State Mining District. William Sampson chose to be a florist. William’s story poses numerous questions. How did events in his life, social, and economic changes affect him? How did he adapt? This paper presents an overview of William Sampson’s life in...

  • Longrow Laborer Houses at the Estate Lower Bethlehem Factory, St. Croix, US Virgin Islands (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Steve Lenik.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. In the late nineteenth century as global competition increased the Caribbean sugar industry consolidated into a small number of central factories and rum distilleries. The industrial capacity of some plantations was upgraded with the introduction of steam-powered mills, whereas other elements of infrastructure like fields and laborer housing continued to be used. Thus masonry...

  • Looking Beyond the Mission: Investigating the Nineteenth Century Occupations at the San Luis De Talimali Mission Site (8LE4) (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Cameron Walker.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. I looked to synthesize, and expand on, past historical and archaeological research pertaining to the nineteenth century at the San Luis site in Tallahassee, Florida. My intention was to further investigate the different ownerships of San Luis during this century. A further goal was to highlight the need to better understand the enslaved experience at San Luis during the ten year...

  • Loss of the USS Milwaukee (C-21): An Archaeological Study of a World War I-era U.S. Navy Disaster in Northern California (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Jeffrey R Delsescaux.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. On December 15, 1916 the USS H-3 (SS-30) went aground on Samoa Beach near Eureka, California while trying to find the entrance to Humboldt Bay in dense fog. Roughly a month later during the early morning hours of January 13, 1917, the USS Milwaukee (C-21), a St. Louis class semi-armored cruiser, attempted to pull the submarine off the beach, despite multiple warnings from locals of...

  • Lost and Found: Identifying Ephemeral Mining Sites At Isle Royale National Park By Reconstructing Government Land Office Survey Paths In GIS (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Andrew Anklam.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Isle Royale National Park located in Lake Superior was one of the centers of the nation’s first copper booms. High quality copper veins drew mid-19th century miners looking to stake a claim. By the mid-1850s these initial attempts at mining were met with demise as the remote location and logistical hurtles made extracting copper a costly business. Translating government land...

  • Lubyanka's Dissonant Voices: Conflicting Heritagescapes in the Heart of Moscow (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Margaret A Comer.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Moscow’s former ‘Lubyanka’ prison building is now controlled by the FSB, the contemporary Russian successor to the Soviet KGB and NKVD. Yet this does not mean that this past is erased; on the contrary, the surrounding landscape has become a meaningful space for memorializing the victims of Soviet and contemporary repression. A boulder from the USSR’s first gulag camp is now a...

  • Mapping Shipwrecks of the Revolutionary War: 1778 Battle of Chestnut Neck, New Jersey. (2020)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Peter Straub. Steve Nagiewicz.

    This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. An obscure historical battle along the Mullica River in Port Republic, New Jersey, was one of the first documented amphibious assaults by a foreign nation on South Jersey soil and has led to a continuing investigation of shipwrecks of the Revolutionary War period. These shipwrecks have become field classrooms, using them to instruct students about small boat operations, research...