The Roosevelt Rural Sites Study, Volume 1: Research Design

Part of the Roosevelt Rural Sites Study (DRAFT) project

Author(s): Richard Ciolek-Torello; Steven D. Shelley; Jeffrey Altschul; John R. Welch

Year: 1990


The Roosevelt Rural Sites Study (RRS) was one of three data recovery mitigative studies that the Bureau of Reclamation funded to investigate the prehistory of the Tonto Basin in the vicinity of Theodore Roosevelt Dam. The series of investigations constituted Reclamation's program for complying with historic preservation legislation as it applied to the raising and modification of Theodore Roosevelt Dam. Reclamation contracted with Statistical Research, Inc. to conduct this study.

The RRS was a two-year mitigative data designed to study small habitation, agricultural, and resource processing sites, which are located away from the main centers of prehistoric habitation in the Tonto Basin, and to contribute to an ongoing synthetic study of Tonto Basin prehistory. The specific research focus of the Roosevelt Rural Sites Study in Reclamation's overall compliance program was the evolution of prehistoric rural land-use systems in the Tonto Basin. Twenty-nine prehistoric sites grouped into six study areas located in the bajada zone surrounding the lake on lands administered by the Tonto National Forest comprise the data base for this study.

The Roosevelt Rural Sites Study Volume 1 presents the research design governing the study. As outlined here, the research design outlines the goals, culture-historical and theoretical background, and general methodology for the RRS. The 29 archaeological sites selected for study consist of agricultural sites, processing areas, field houses,farmsteads, and small hamlets dating to the Archaic, pre-Classic and Classic periods. A two-pronged approach was suggested to meet the project goals. In addition to conventional excavations at these archaeological sites, SRI proposed to undertake a broader-based study of soils, landforms, vegetation patterns, and possible agricultural field areas. The data derived from both these studies were then to be integrated with regional environmental and archaeological data derived from previous research in the Tonto Basin. The results of these various research efforts were designed to complement the efforts of researchers involved in the other archaeological research project undertaken as part of the Bureau of Reclamation's compliance program.

Cite this Record

The Roosevelt Rural Sites Study, Volume 1: Research Design, 1. Richard Ciolek-Torello, Steven D. Shelley, Jeffrey Altschul, John R. Welch. Statistical Research Technical Series ,28. Tucson, AZ: Statistical Research, Inc. 1990 ( tDAR id: 378209) ; doi:10.6067/XCV86H4J80


Ancestral Puebloan Hohokam Salado

Ceramic Dating Sample Fauna Ground Stone Human Remains Macrobotanical Pollen Wood

Site Name
AR-03-12-06-111(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1171(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1464(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1551(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1554(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1558(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1560(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1561(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1562(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1568(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1574(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1576(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1578(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1579(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1580(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1584(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1590(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1592(USFS) AR-03-12-06-182(USFS) AR-03-12-06-318(USFS) AR-03-12-06-457(USFS) AR-03-12-06-742(USFS) AR-03-12-06-835(USFS) AR-03-12-06-838(USFS) AR-03-12-06-918(USFS) AR-03-12-06-942(USFS) AR-03-12-06-959(USFS) AR-03-12-06-971(USFS) AR-03-12-06-972(USFS) AZ V:8:12(ASM) AZ V:8:178(ASM) AZ V:8:181(ASM) AZ V:8:185(ASM) AZ V:8:187(ASM) AZ V:8:190(ASM) AZ V:8:192(ASM) AZ V:8:194(ASM) AZ V:8:195(ASM) AZ V:8:196(ASM) AZ V:8:202(ASM) AZ V:8:211(ASM) AZ V:8:213(ASM) AZ V:8:215(ASM) AZ V:8:219(ASM) AZ V:8:221(ASM) AZ V:8:223(ASM) AZ V:8:224(ASM) AZ V:8:225(ASM) AZ V:8:229(ASM) AZ V:8:233(ASM) AZ V:8:234(ASM) AZ V:8:235(ASM) AZ V:8:236(ASM) AZ V:8:239(ASM) AZ V:8:241(ASM) AZ V:8:508(ASM) AZ V:8:509(ASM) AZ V:8:510(ASM) AZ V:8:511(ASM) AZ V:8:52(ASM) AZ V:8:78(ASM) Bald Eagle Hill Grapevine Spring Grapevine Vista Marina Hill Porter Springs Marina Riser Site Vineyard Point Show More

Site Type
Agricultural Field or Field Feature Agricultural or Herding Archaeological Feature Artifact Scatter Checkdam Domestic Structure or Architectural Complex Domestic Structures Encampment Field House Funerary and Burial Structures or Features Hamlet / Village Hearth House Hunting / Trapping Hunting Blind Isolated Burial Midden Pit Quarry Resource Extraction / Production / Transportation Structure or Features Roasting Pit / Oven / Horno Rock Alignment Settlements Trash Midden

Spatial Coverage

min long: -111.364; min lat: 33.615 ; max long: -110.924; max lat: 34.032 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office

Contributor(s): steven bozarth

Principal Investigator(s): Richard Ciolek-Torello

Project Director(s): Steven D. Shelley; Jeffrey Altschul; John R. Welch

Landowner(s): US Forest Service, Tonto National Forest

Sponsor(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office

Permitting Agency(s): US Forest Service, Tonto National Forest

Prepared By(s): Statistical Research, Inc.

Submitted To(s): USDI, Bureau of Reclamation, Arizona Projects Office

Record Identifiers

Bureau of Reclamation, Central Arizona Project, RFP(s): 9-SP-32-01060

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