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National Register of Historic Place Multiple Property Documentation Form for the Archaeological and Historical Resources of the Avon Park Air Force Range (1994)

Author(s): Robert J. Austin ; Laura Weant

Year: 1994

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The Avon Park Air Force Range (APAFR) contains a diverse array of cultural resources that span the entire period of human occupation of the Kissimmee River Valley. Documented sites range in date from the Archaic period (ca. 6500-500 B.C.) through the first half of the 20th century. Most of the documented periods of occupation of the APAFR are represented by prehistoric and historic period archaeological sites that have been determined to be eligible for listing on the National Register (NR) of Historic Places. Because of this, and because of the potential for additional NR eligible sites to be discovered in the future, it was decided that a multiple properties listing would be the most efficient and flexible way of managing these resources since it would provide for the inclusion of newly discovered sites in the listing using a unified set of criteria.

The theme on which this multiple property listing is based is the economic and cultural development of the central Kissimmee River valley. The wide range of site types on the APAFR, and the long time span represented by these sites, provides an excellent data base for future archaeological, anthropological and historical studies of the region. The theme is sufficiently narrow enough to focus research on topics that are best addressed by archaeological data, and yet is broad enough to encompass a variety of research approaches. For prehistoric sites research topics related to the overall theme might include aspects of settlement pattern, resource exploitation, subsistence, seasonality, technology, or trade networks, and how these influenced the development of aboriginal cultures in the valley. For historic period sites topics such as the evolution of Euro-american settlement patterns, the effect of 19th and early 20th century developments in transportation, technology and industry on the pioneer lifestyle of south Florida, and the development of the turpentine and cattle industries in south Florida are all possible to study with data from sites located on the APAFR. In addition, the common practice of employing African Americans in the turpentine industry provides an opportunity to study early ethnic behavior and culture at turpentine sites on the Range.

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Cite this Record

National Register of Historic Place Multiple Property Documentation Form for the Archaeological and Historical Resources of the Avon Park Air Force Range (1994). Robert J. Austin, Laura Weant. 1994 ( tDAR id: 391361) ; doi:10.6067/XCV80K29GC


Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: -10000 to 1949

Spatial Coverage

min long: -81.407; min lat: 27.606 ; max long: -81.297; max lat: 27.672 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Kathy Couturier

Contributor(s): Robert J. Austin ; Laura Weant ; Janus Research ; Piper Archaeology

Sponsor(s): Thomas W. L. McCall, Jr

Submitted To(s): United States Department of the Interior, National Park Service ; United States Department of the Air Force, Environment, Safety and Occupational Health

Record Identifiers

NPS Form(s): 10-900-b

OMB No.(s): 1024-0018

Avon Park Air Force Range Report No.(s): AP0006


Redaction Note: If you would like access to the full document, you may request it from Avon Park CRM: Kathy Courturier; email:; phone: (863) 452-4288

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
janus_1994_nrhp_report.pdf 996.15kb Aug 15, 2013 10:44:46 AM Confidential
janus_1994_nrhp_report_redacted.pdf 787.08kb Oct 24, 2013 11:47:33 AM Public
This document is redacted. USAF archaeologists and officials have determined that some of the information in the full document should be considered confidential and have limited distribution. If you would like access to the full document, you may contact and request access from Avon Park CRM: Kathy Courturier (863) 452-4288

Accessing Restricted Files

At least one of the files for this resource is restricted from public view. For more information regarding access to these files, please reference the contact information below

Contact(s): Kathy Couturier

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America