Archaeological Survey and Test Excavations at Williams Air Force Base, Arizona


Archaeological investigations at Williams Air Force Base (WAFB), located in southeast Maricopa County, Arizona, were initiated in response to the 1991 Defense Base Closure and Realignment Commission’s (the Closure Commission) recommendation to close WAFB following the passage of the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990 (the Closure Act) (Public Law 101-510, Title XXIX). Prior to closure or realignment of base facilities, preparation of an environment impact statement (EIS) was required, including documentation and evaluation of all cultural resources on WAFB.

AFCEE contracted with Halliburton NUS Corporation to complete the EIS for WAFB. Halliburton NUS in turn subcontracted SWCA, Inc., Environmental Consultants, under Subcontract No. 4011-92- 014, to conduct the cultural resource inventory for all portions of WAFB that previously had not been inventoried or were not occupied by existing facilities. SWCA conducted investigations on approximately 2000 acres of the base and examined inventory documents from previous investigations. Three cultural properties (sites) were known from previous archaeological efforts at WAFB and on parcels that lay adjacent to the base. The Midvale Site, AZ U:10:24(ASU) was one. The other two cultural properties (AZ U:10:20, ASU, and AZ U:10:25, ASU) were re-examined and included in the evaluation process; the Midvale Site received no additional study.

In order to determine the number of cultural properties present at WAFB and to develop recommendations for those cultural properties, two levels of examination were necessary. First, a cultural resource inventory for the 2000-acre portion of the base not previously inventoried was conducted, resulting in the discovery and recording of nine additional sites (AZ U:10:60, ASM, through AZ U:10:68, ASM). The results are presented as Part I of this document. Second, to define site boundaries and determine NRHP eligibility, a subsurface testing phase was implemented at eleven sites. The boundary definition that took place was done primarily for planning purposes and was not meant to be definitive. Additional testing or monitoring may be required if construction occurs near the "boundary" of a National Register eligible site, and extent testing will be required on any eligible site prior to implementation of development plans. The results of testing are presented as Part II.

Cite this Record

Archaeological Survey and Test Excavations at Williams Air Force Base, Arizona, 12b. David H. Greenwald, Richard Anduze, Mary-Ellen Walsh-Anduze. 1994 ( tDAR id: 446139) ; doi:10.48512/XCV8446139

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Spatial Coverage

min long: -111.709; min lat: 33.267 ; max long: -111.602; max lat: 33.337 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): SWCA Environmental Consultants

Contributor(s): Douglas R. Mitchell; Robert Haynes-Peterson; B. K. Kerns; Lynn A. Neal; Chris T. Wenker; Caryn M. Berg; Ellen C. Ruble; Dawn M. Greenwald; Department of Defense; Williams Air Force Base; Air Force Center for Environmental Excellence

Field Director(s): Richard Anduze

Principal Investigator(s): Douglas R. Mitchell

Project Director(s): David H. Greenwald

Prepared By(s): SWCA Environmental Consultants

Submitted To(s): Halliburton Nus Corporation

Record Identifiers

Subcontract No. (s): 4011-92-014

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
93-12b_OCR_PDFA_marked.pdf 8.61mb Feb 12, 2021 11:35:00 AM Public
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93-12b_OCR_PDFA.pdf 10.47mb Jul 27, 1994 Jun 5, 2018 9:47:35 AM Confidential
This file is the unredacted version of the resource.

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Contact(s): SWCA Environmental Consultants

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